Cases reported "Forearm Injuries"

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1/151. Symptomatic forearm muscle hernia: repair by autologous fascia lata inlay.

    Eleven cases of symptomatic muscle hernias of the forearm requiring surgical intervention have been described previously. pain on extremity exertion and an unaesthetic bulge of the forearm were the primary indications for surgery. Advocated treatment modalities range from forearm fasciotomy to anatomic repair of the fascial defect. Although fasciotomy relieves the narrow fascial constriction around the herniated muscle reliably, it often yields an unappealing forearm deformity and incomplete resolution of pain on extremity exertion. Anatomic repair provides the theoretical advantage of restoring normal muscle fascia relationships while concomitantly improving the aesthetic appearance of the extremity. The authors report a case of symptomatic forearm muscle herniation treated successfully with an autologous fascia lata inlay graft.
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keywords = forearm
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2/151. Stigmata: part I. shame, guilt, and anger.

    The aesthetic surgeon may occasionally be consulted by a patient who wishes to discuss what can be done for the scars of self-inflicted wounds on the forearms. These scars are popularly referred to as "hesitation marks" or "suicide gestures." Unlike patients suffering from factitial ulcers or Munchhausen syndrome, these patients will admit to the physician that the scars are the result of self-inflicted wounds. These scars often consist of multiple, parallel, white lines extending up and down the forearms (usually volar surface), with more on the nondominant side. Although the pattern of these scars is apparently what drives these patients to the aesthetic surgeon for relief (because even lay people identify these scars as self-inflicted suicide marks), the authors propose a new and deeper motivation for surgery. Recent experiences with three of these patients resulted in an epiphany that prompted this report. Once the symbolic meaning of these scars was broached, a torrent of thoughts and theories followed. This article will recount these three cases and present a central thesis for this type of self-inflicted injury. A proposal for the proper surgical treatment of this condition will be offered. Uniquely, two of the patients will relate their own stories and propose guidelines and warnings for the aesthetic surgeon.
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ranking = 0.22312962835485
keywords = forearm, injury
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3/151. Fascial flaps based on perforators for reconstruction of defects in the distal forearm.

    Twenty fascial flaps were used in the reconstruction of defects in the distal forearm, wrist and hand in 18 patients over a 2-year period. In 16 patients the fascial flaps were based on a single fascial feeding vessel or 'perforator' arising from the anterior interosseous artery and/or ulnar artery when the radial artery had been used as the donor vessel in free flap reconstruction elsewhere in the body. There was no loss of any fascial flap in the study. The use of fascial flaps based on fascial feeders of the anterior interosseous and ulnar arteries extends the range of fascial flaps that can be raised in the forearm for reconstruction of defects in the distal forearm, wrist and hand.
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keywords = forearm
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4/151. Ultrasound guided reduction of pediatric forearm fractures in the ED.

    Reducing badly displaced or angulated pediatric forearm fractures in the emergency department can be difficult. Multiple attempts at reduction may be required, with repeated trips to the radiology department, before an adequate reduction is achieved. We have recently found that bedside ultrasound by emergency physicians is very helpful in guiding the reduction of difficult forearm fractures, allowing the physician to assess the adequacy of the reduction at the patient's bedside. In this report, we describe the technique we have developed for ultrasound-guided fracture reduction and present three case histories showing the usefulness of this technique.
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keywords = forearm
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5/151. Vascular injuries of the upper extremity.

    Vascular injuries of the upper extremity represent approximately 30% to 50% of all peripheral vascular injuries. The majority of injuries are to the brachial artery, and 90% of injuries are due to penetrating trauma. Return of function is often related to concomitant injury to peripheral nerves. However, timely restoration of blood flow is essential to optimize outcome. The diagnosis is made by physical examination and limited Doppler ultrasonography. Arteriography may be helpful if there are multiple sites of injury. Anticoagulation with heparin should be given if not otherwise contraindicated. Revascularization should be completed within the critical ischemic time: 4 hours for proximate injuries and 12 hours for distal injuries. Revascularization methods include resection and primary repair or resection with an interposition graft. The sequence of repair of multiple injuries to the extremity begins with arterial revascularization followed by skeletal stabilization and nerve and tendon repair.
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ranking = 0.001814812265262
keywords = injury
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6/151. The farmer's wife and the salmon fork: a near miss for the median nerve.

    This case history illustrates how a farmer's wife accidentally impaled her forearm on a salmon fork with barbs. Despite the fact that the barbs were not obvious to the rescuing firemen, they had the good sense to transfer the patient with the fork in situ and well supported to prevent traction injury. Any effort to remove the fork at the time of injury would have resulted in complete division of the median nerve.
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ranking = 0.11292592337637
keywords = forearm, injury
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7/151. Twenty-five-year follow-up evaluation of an active silicone/Dacron tendon interposition prosthesis: A case report.

    A 19-year-old man sustained a severe avulsion wound of the dominant distal forearm, dividing the radial and ulnar arteries, median and ulnar nerves, and all flexor tendons. Initial treatment consisted of revascularization. Shortly thereafter he had sural nerve grafting of the median and ulnar nerves. This was followed by insertion of a silicone/Dacron tendon interposition prosthesis to reconstruct a 4-cm deficit in the flexor profundus tendons and the flexor pollicis longus tendon. Six weeks thereafter an opposition transfer using the extensor indicis proprius and a Brand type 2 intrinsic transfer using the extensor carpi radialis longus and a plantaris tendon graft were performed. Several months later an attempt was made to remove the prosthesis. It was encased in scar tissue, however, and left in place. Evaluation 25 years later revealed that the flexor tendons and prosthesis were functioning well.
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keywords = forearm
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8/151. forearm pseudarthrosis--neurofibromatosis: case report.

    A 3 1/2-year-old white girl with neurofibromatosis sustained left radius and ulna fractures. The radius was sclerotic with no medullary canal at the fracture site, and the ulna was hypoplastic distal to the fracture. The fractures failed to unite when immobilized in a long arm plaster cast for 5 months and pseudarthrosis developed. Three subsequent operative attempts to obtain union of the pseudarthrosis by means of internal fixation and bone grafting over the next 30 months were also unsuccessful, and the pseudarthrosis persisted. The forearm was supported in a custom molded leather brace until the child was 13 1/2 years old and had reached skeletal maturity. Osseous union was then operatively obtained using dual onlay tibial cortical and cancellous bone grafts. There has been no recurrence of the pseudarthrosis 3 years and 2 months after bone grafting. The author recommends postponing surgical attempts to achieve union of the forearm bone pseudarthrosis associated with neurofibromatosis until the patient reaches skeletal maturity.
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ranking = 0.22222222222222
keywords = forearm
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9/151. Severe, traumatic soft-tissue loss in the antecubital fossa and proximal forearm associated with radial and/or median nerve palsy: nerve recovery after coverage with a pedicled latissimus dorsi muscle flap.

    A total of 6 patients with complex, traumatic wounds of the antecubital fossa and proximal forearm were included in this study. All patients presented with radial and/or median nerve palsies in addition to their soft-tissue defect. Except for 1 patient with a 15-cm defect of the radial nerve, all other traumatized nerves appeared in-continuity at the time of surgery. However, the nerve injury was severe enough to induce wallerian degeneration (i.e., axonotmesis in traumatized nerves in-continuity). Three patients required brachial artery reconstruction with a reverse saphenous vein graft. Wound coverage was accomplished using a pedicled latissimus dorsi muscle flap, which was covered with a split-thickness skin graft. Successful reconstruction was obtained in all patients. Follow-up ranged from 2 to 6 years. The range of motion at the elbow and forearm was considered excellent in 5 patients and good in the remaining patient who had an intra-articular fracture. Motor recovery of traumatized nerves in-continuity was observed in all but 1 patient who had persistent partial anterior interosseous nerve palsy. The grip strength of the injured hand measured 70% to 85% of the contralateral uninjured hand. median nerve sensory recovery was excellent in all patients. The versatility of the pedicled latissimus dorsi muscle flap for coverage of these complex wounds with traumatized neurovascular bundles around the elbow is discussed.
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ranking = 0.6675740727993
keywords = forearm, injury
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10/151. Free temporoparietal fascial flap for coverage of a large palmar forearm wound after hand replantation.

    A free temporoparietal fascial flap with a split-thickness skin graft was used to cover a large palmar forearm wound in a patient whose hand had been replanted 21 days earlier after traumatic amputation at the distal forearm level. At a 39-month follow-up, the patient had achieved an excellent cosmetic and functional result, with no alopecia or facial nerve injury. The flap is advantageous for coverage of wounds that require a large amount of thin, pliable tissue, and it leaves a concealed donor-site scar.
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ranking = 0.6675740727993
keywords = forearm, injury
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