Cases reported "Foreign Bodies"

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1/15. Unusual masses in the spermatic cord: report of six cases and review of the literature.

    Differential diagnosis of spermatic cord swellings includes direct inguinal hernia, hydrocele, spermatocele, hematocele, lipoma, tuberculosis, and filariasis. This communication focuses attention on other unusual swellings of the spermatic cord. Three cases of sarcoma, two cases of foreign body in the spermatic cord, and one case of vasitis are presented. Although unusual, these conditions should be considered in the differential diagnosis of spermatic cord swellings.
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keywords = communication
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2/15. Unusual aero-digestive foreign bodies: tribulations and tragedies.

    Aero-digestive foreign bodies are a common occurrence in infants and children. The manifestations, hazards and consequences depend upon the location, nature of the foreign body and the time lapse. This communication reports a series of four cases with unusual course and consequences of aero-digestive foreign bodies. These were generalized tetanus, hypernatremia and metabolic acidosis with intra-cranial hemorrhage and severe pneumonia and empyema. awareness of these consequences would help treating doctors to take appropriate steps in devising preventive and therapeutic strategies.
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keywords = communication
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3/15. Spontaneous eruption of an occult incisor fragment from the lip after eight months: report of a case.

    Large majorities of dental traumas are associated with soft-tissue injury and tooth fragments. They are often found embedded in the oral soft tissues, most commonly the lip. Early detection and complete removal of such fragments is critical in order to prevent infection and scarring. Adequate communication between medical and dental professionals involved is of considerable value in the management of such cases. This report presents a case of spontaneous extrusion of an occult incisor fragment from the lower lip, eight months after trauma.
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keywords = communication
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4/15. Gastrobronchial fistula after toothbrush ingestion.

    Gastrobronchial fistulous communications are uncommon complications of disease processes with only 36 previously reported cases. Described as complication of a number of conditions, such as previous gastroesophageal surgery, subphrenic abscess, and gastric ulcers (Jha P, Deiraniya A, Keeling-Robert C, et al. Gastrobronchial fistula--a recent series. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Sur 2003;2:6-8), we report a case of fistulization caused by ingestion of a foreign body. A patient with mental retardation, admitted for the treatment of osteomyelitis, presented during hospitalization symptoms of high fever, vomiting, and respiratory distress. endoscopy showed the presence of a gastrobronchial fistula, which developed after ingestion of a toothbrush. The toothbrush was extracted endoscopically, and the fistula was subsequently closed by surgery. The patient recovered completely. We report the first case of a gastrobronchial fistula as a complication of foreign body ingestion.
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keywords = communication
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5/15. Peripheral vascular gunshot bullet embolus migration to the cerebral circulation. Report and literature review.

    Bullet embolization to intracranial branches of the major cerebral arteries is a rare complication of gunshot wounds. A review of the literature on cerebral vascular bullet embolization from peripheral sources revealed a number of single case reports that included 12 cases involving the anterior cerebral circulation, and one which involved the posterior circulation. This communication details two additional subjects who were treated at our institution.
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keywords = communication
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6/15. A bizarre penetrating head wound with intraoral communication. Report of a case.

    A case of a transcervical-intraoral penetrating foreign body in a 49-year-old man is presented. This is of interest because of the unusual mechanism of this potentially fatal injury, including the oral cavity, and because of the absence of serious neurologic sequelae.
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keywords = communication
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7/15. Radiographic identification of ingested disc batteries.

    Recently, the hazards posed by the accidental ingestion and impaction of small disc batteries have been widely publicized in the medical and lay press. These foreign bodies, when lodged in the esophagus, leak a caustic solution of 26 to 45% sodium or potassium hydroxide which can cause a burn injury to the esophagus in a very short period of time. Because of the considerable clinical morbidity and mortality from this foreign body, it becomes imperative for the radiologist to quickly and accurately identify disc batteries on plain radiographs. This communication offers a series of radiologic signs important in the identification of disc batteries. When viewed in an anterior projection, disc batteries demonstrate a double density shadow due to the bilaminar structure of the battery. On lateral view, the edges of most disc batteries are round and again present a step-off at the junction of the cathode and anode. These findings are differentiated from the more common esophageal foreign body of a coin which does not have a double density on frontal projection, has a much sharper edge and no visible step-off.
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8/15. Who nose where it was? An unusual case of airway obstruction.

    An unusual case of airway obstruction is presented. The importance of communication between all physicians caring for a patient is stressed. The need for correct and precise documentation of procedures performed is highlighted.
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9/15. meat bolus impaction of the lower esophagus associated with a paraesophageal hernia. Successful noninvasive treatment with intravenous glucagon.

    Ferrucci and Long recently reported the relief of esophageal food impaction with the use of intravenous glucagon in three patients. Our first experience in using this new procedure was very successful and gratifying. The essence and purpose of this brief communication is to record and further substantiate the efficacy of a new treatment modality.
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10/15. Successful removal of a severed transvenous pacemaker electrode.

    The ease and simplicity of the transvenous approach to permanent pacing continue to be among its greatest advantages. However in a small proportion of transvenously paced patients complications can occur. A rare complication is an incompletely removed pacing catheter with subsequent embolization to more central parts of the cardiovascular system. This communication reports the migration of a severed transvenous pacemaker electrode and its removal from the left iliac vein with a femoral-ventricular pigtail catheter.
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keywords = communication
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