Cases reported "Foreign Bodies"

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11/15. Acquired tracheoesophageal fistula.

    This is a case of an acquired tracheoesophageal fistula induced by a large foreign body in a 5-yr-old child. The foreign body, a large plastic ear from a doll, was lodged in the esophagus and its presence remained unknown for weeks, until tracheoesophageal fistula actually developed. The foreign body was removed endoscopically; after the child was given intravenous nutrition and the infection was brought under control, the communication was divided and repaired.
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12/15. Retrograde embolization of a detached polyethylene catheter.

    The increasing use of intravenous polyethylene catheters has led to a growing incidence of accidental breakage of catheters and migration to the heart. In this communication, we describe a patient in whom the broken fragment of catheter migrated retrogradely from the subclavian vein to the inferior vena cava and left iliac vein. The possible mechanism for such retrograde migration is postulated.
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13/15. Pyopneumothorax--a rare sequelae of retropharyngeal abscess.

    A case of massive pyopneumothorax as a rare sequelae of retropharyngeal abscess following fish bone ingestion is reported. An initial attempt at removal of the fish bone in the oesophagus using the fibroptic oesophagoscope was unsuccessful, causing failure of its removal and the development of this rare and potentially fatal complication. The intercommunication of the retropharyngeal space with other spaces of the neck and thorax that allow this and most other complications to occur is described. Rigid endoscopes are the instrument of choice in retrieving sharp foreign bodies in the oesophagus.
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14/15. Use of nebulized adrenaline to aid expulsion of intra-nasal foreign bodies in children.

    foreign bodies in the noses of children may often be expelled by simple nose blowing. Success of this manoeuvre depends on how firmly the object is lodged, and on the co-operation and skill of the child. Attempts at direct removal using instruments frequently result in the patient becoming distressed and resort to general anaesthesia is sometimes required. This short communication describes a series of cases in which nebulized adrenaline helped loosen firmly impacted foreign bodies, thereby facilitating removal, minimizing upset for the child, and avoiding anaesthetic risk.
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15/15. A wooden foreign body in the neck.

    foreign bodies in the throat and/or neck are uncommon and transpharyngeal impaction of a wooden foreign body in the neck without vascular injury is very rare. The patient presented in this communication, reported to our center five days after severe physical assault with a pharyngocutaneous fistula in the left side of the neck. Clinical examination and x-rays were unremarkable. Conservative treatment led to healing of the fistula and he was discharged. Two weeks later he was readmitted with an abscess in the right supraclavicular region. Exploration under general anaesthesia revealed a 7 cm long wooden fragment of a spear in the abscess cavity. The fragment was removed. After several days' antibiotic treatment, he recovered fully and was discharged.
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