Cases reported "Foreign Bodies"

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1/214. Respiratory foreign bodies and eikenella corrodens brain abscess in two children.

    We report the coexistence of aspirated foreign bodies and brain abscess in two boys. One child had aspirated a metallic needle, and in the other boy partially embedded sunflower seeds were found in the bronchial wall. Both patients had growth of eikenella corrodens (oral gram-negative flora) from the abscess. Aspirated foreign body in the respiratory tract should be one of the diagnostic considerations if any of the normal oropharyngeal organisms such as E. corrodens is the causative organism of brain abscess.
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ranking = 1
keywords = metal
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2/214. Thoracoscopic retrieval of foreign body after penetrating chest injury: report of two cases.

    Video-assisted thoracic surgery has proved to be valuable in many settings in thoracic surgery. The use of video-assisted thoracic surgery in trauma has recently rapidly increased. It is useful in acute or delayed management of patients with blunt and penetrating chest trauma. It is safe for removal of clotted hemothorax, treatment of thoracic empyema, treatment of persistent pneumothorax, treatment of chylothorax, and for diagnosis of diaphragmatic injury. We report two cases using thoracoscopy to remove intrathoracic metal fragments and avert the need for thoracotomy. In the first patient, a metal fragment injury was sustained via a penetrating wound from the supraclavicular notch to the right upper lung. The metal fragment was retrieved and the lung was repaired thoracoscopically using conventional suturing techniques. A second patient sustained a broken pin injury to the left upper mediastinum via a low neck wound. The pin was successfully removed under videothoracoscopy. Both patients recovered uneventfully and had shortened hospital stays. We feel that thoracoscopy offers a therapeutic as well as diagnostic benefit in stable patients with penetrating chest trauma.
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ranking = 3
keywords = metal
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3/214. Genital incarceration with metal rings: their safe removal.

    Strangulation of the genitalia with constricting metal bands presents a difficult problem with removal. We report the easy and safe removal by cutting the metal bands in two places using a hand-held Dremel Moto-Tool [corrected] with a metal cutting disk.
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ranking = 7
keywords = metal
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4/214. Unusual sites of uncommon endobronchial foreign bodies. Reports of four cases.

    Foreign body aspiration occurs most commonly in children and can have serious consequences. In adults, it is associated with surgery, trauma and accidents. We report four unusual cases of foreign body inhalation. In one case a spike of wild barley entered the trachea through a tracheostomy cannula and migrated from the chest wall. In the second case a piece of coarse cloth which was introduced through a tracheostomy stoma aided by a wood sliver was retained in the trachea. In another patient an inhaled sewing needle migrated to the pericardium, and in the fourth case the head of a metal stud penetrated the trachea percutaneously through the neck and lodged in the right main bronchus. The incidence, causes, complications and management of such cases are discussed and the literature is briefly reviewed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = metal
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5/214. glioblastoma multiforme at the site of metal splinter injury: a coincidence? Case report.

    The authors report the case of a man who had suffered a penetrating metal splinter injury to the left frontal lobe at 18 years of age. Thirty-seven years later the patient developed a left-sided frontal tumor at the precise site of the meningocerebral scar and posttraumatic defect. Histological examination confirmed a glioblastoma multiforme adjacent to the dural scar and metal splinters. In addition, a chronic abscess from which propionibacterium acnes was isolated was found within the glioma tissue. The temporal and local association of metal splinter injury with chronic abscess, scar formation, and malignant glioma is highly suggestive of a causal relationship between trauma and the development of a malignant brain tumor.
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ranking = 7
keywords = metal
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6/214. Unusual parotid gland foreign body.

    A foreign body in the parotid gland whether from the oral cavity or through the skin is extremely uncommon. A case is described of the tip of a golden-colored pencil accidentally piercing the deep lobe after a fall. Emergency surgical removal was performed, and the diagnosis of the foreign body was quite easy. In contrast, determination of the location in the gland had to be done by a microscope, with fluoroscopy during the operation and was quite difficult. During removal, great attention was paid to avoiding facial nerve injury. This was done by identifying the facial trunk at the pointer using a microscope. The dissolved material including copper and zinc metal powder, paste, and clay, was found in the deep lobe associated with the surrounding abscess. Although these materials are assumed to be harmless to human tissues, the complete and immediate removal is to prevent salivary fistule resulting from inflammation.
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keywords = metal
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7/214. Intrapulmonary artery and intrabronchial migration and extraction of a fragment of J-shaped atrial pacing catheter.

    A fragment of a fractured Telectronics Atrial Accufix 330-801 lead asymptomatically perforated the adjacent bronchus and was detected on routine chest X-ray. The metallic fragment was located by chest CT scan and bronchial fluoroscopy to lie between the right lobar bronchus and the pulmonary artery, confirming bronchial perforation. The foreign body was removed without complication by direct visualisation with rigid bronchoscopy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = metal
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8/214. A wandering nasal prong-a thing of risks and problems.

    We describe an unusual complication of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) ventilation in a preterm low birth weight neonate being weaned from respiratory support. The tube used to administer nasal CPAP became dislodged from its metal connector whilst in the nasopharynx and slipped into the stomach. After waiting eight days the tube showed no signs of passing spontaneously through the gastrointestinal tract and retrieval was then successfully achieved by means of a 3.5 mm paediatric fibreoptic bronchoscope without complication.
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keywords = metal
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9/214. Breaking the rules: a thoracic impalement injury.

    In the case of a patient with an impalement injury, the object should be removed in a controlled operating theatre environment. We report an 18-year-old man for whom this rule could not be followed. He was removed from a metal pipe transfixing his chest at the roadside.
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keywords = metal
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10/214. An unusual foreign body in the tongue.

    A T-shaped metal object from an umbrella embedded in the tongue of a 4-year-old male child is described, along with its subsequent removal. The types of foreign bodies reported in this area are also mentioned.
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keywords = metal
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