Cases reported "Fractures, Bone"

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1/865. Transverse carpal ligament disruption associated with simultaneous fractures of the trapezium, trapezial ridge, and hook of hamate: a case report.

    Traumatic disruption of the transverse carpal ligament associated with fractures of the trapezial ridge and hook of hamate is a known entity. Only one report of a coronal fracture of the trapezium has been mentioned in the literature. We report a combination of these two injury patterns. diagnosis was aided by computed tomography. Treatment involved excision of the trapezial ridge and hook of hamate fragments with lag screw fixation of the trapezial body fracture.
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2/865. Bowel entrapment within pelvic fractures: a case report and review of the literature.

    Bowel entrapment within a pelvic fracture is a rarely reported but potentially fatal complication. diagnosis is often delayed due to difficulty in differentiating entrapment from the more common adynamic ileus. Computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis with enteric contrast can be useful in making the diagnosis. We report an unusual case of bowel entrapment within a pelvic fracture presenting as a colocutaneous fistula in a patient with no prior symptoms that suggested a bowel injury. This report expands the realm of presentation of this rare occult bowel injury.
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3/865. Results of the Bosworth method for unstable fractures of the distal clavicle.

    Eleven consecutive Neer's type II unstable fractures of the distal third of the clavicle were treated by open reduction and internal fixation, using a temporary Bosworth-type screw. In all cases, fracture healing occurred within 10 weeks. shoulder function was restored to the pre-injury level. A Bosworth-type screw fixation is a relatively easy and safe technique of open reduction and internal fixation of type II fractures of the distal third of the clavicle.
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4/865. Fractures of the posteromedial process of the talus. A report of two cases.

    The authors present two cases of fractures of posteromedial process of talus. One was treated conservatively and the other by excision. The appearances of the CT scans, the therapeutic options and the mechanisms of injury are discussed.
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5/865. Analysis of blunt trauma injuries: vertical deceleration versus horizontal deceleration injuries.

    There are several similarities found in blunt trauma injuries to humans sustained as a result of vertical deceleration (falling) and those sustained as a result of deceleration in a horizontal plane (automobile accidents). However, examination of the patterns of traumatic skeletal injuries can distinguish those injuries associated with falling from heights from those associated with automobile accidents. While there is considerable variation within each type of blunt trauma injury dependent on the angle at which one falls or is struck, there are several characteristic skeletal features associated with each type of trauma. In this study we review both the current literature and human skeletal remains from the University of new mexico's Documented Collection known to have been subjected to blunt trauma. This collection is used to characterize and differentiate the pattern of skeletal injuries to various parts of the body for each type of trauma. These assessments are applied to investigate the traumatic skeletal lesions observed in a forensic case where the manner of death is unknown. Analyses suggest two possible scenarios that would explain the death of the individual investigated, with death most likely related to a vehicular-pedestrian accident.
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6/865. Distal disinsertion of the patellar ligament combined with avulsion fractures at the medial and lateral margins of the patella. A case report and an experimental study.

    A 12-year-old boy presented with a proximally retracted patella 5 months after an injury to the left knee. The clinical and radiographic features and the findings at operation led to the conclusion that the original lesion had been a distal disinsertion of the patellar ligament combined with avulsion fractures at the medial and lateral margins of the patella, produced by the medial and lateral longitudinal patellar retinacula. Loading experiments on amputation and cadaver specimens showed that these retinacula, apart from being tendons for the vastus medialis and the vastus lateralis, respectively, constitute a direct fibrous connection of considerable strength between the patella and the tibia and thus are capable of producing avulsion fractures.
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7/865. Fracture-dislocations of the sacrum. Report of three cases.

    The pattern of fracture-dislocation of the upper part of the sacrum is demonstrated in three patients. The fracture line followed the segmental form of the sacrum and was usually caused by a posterior force against the pelvis which had been locked by hip flexion and knee extension. Fractures of the lumbar transverse processes also occurred, presumably from avulsion by the quadratus lumborum muscle. The damage to the sacral plexus found in all three cases recovered after several months. Radiographs of the injury are difficult to obtain in severely injured patients but oblique views of the sacrum help to determine the extent of the forward dislocation.
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8/865. Radiologic case study. Fractures of the foot masquerading as ankle injuries.

    An ankle radiographic series frequently is obtained when a patient presents with an acute ankle and foot injury. Although many fractures are confined to the ankle and are readily apparent, fractures of the foot can mimic ankle injuries. It is important to differentiate these fractures of the foot from the more common ankle sprain. Most ankle sprains are treated with ice, compression, and elevation, followed by range-of-motion exercises and progressive weight bearing as tolerated. When foot fractures are not identified, however, lack of appropriate treatment can result in late complications. Concentration on key areas as described here will reduce the incidence of missed fractures of the foot in these patients.
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9/865. osteotomy for malunion of a talar neck fracture: a case report.

    A malunion of the talar neck after a Hawkins type II fracture/dislocation of the talar neck occurred in a 34-year-old man after nonoperative treatment. Rigid varus deformity of the forefoot was a source of severe pain and disability in this patient. We describe our surgical technique for osteotomy of the talar neck with insertion of a tricortical iliac crest bone graft to correct the deformity. At follow-up (56 months), the patient had consistent relief of pain and was employed at his preinjury job doing heavy labor. The score on the American Orthopaedic foot and Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot Scale improved from 11 points, preoperatively, to 85 points, postoperatively. Radiographs showed maintenance in the position of the osteotomy and no evidence of avascular necrosis in the talar body. Evidence of arthrosis of the talonavicular joint was apparent radiographically, but the patient did not complain of symptoms referable to this area.
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10/865. Superior gluteal artery injury during iliosacral screw placement.

    Percutaneous fixation of an unstable pelvic ring injury is becoming a popular method of pelvic stabilization. As posterior pelvic percutaneous techniques become more common, the possibility of iatrogenic complications increases. This case report describes an injury to the superior gluteal artery during percutaneous iliosacral screw insertion and the treatment of this potentially devastating injury.
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