Cases reported "Fractures, Closed"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/26. Avulsion fracture of the anterior half of the foramen magnum involving the bilateral occipital condyles and the inferior clivus--case report.

    A 38-year-old male presented with an avulsion fracture of the anterior half of the foramen magnum due to a traffic accident. He had palsy of the bilateral VI, left IX, and left X cranial nerves, weakness of his left upper extremity, and crossed sensory loss. He was treated conservatively and placed in a halo brace for 16 weeks. After immobilization, swallowing, hoarseness, and left upper extremity weakness improved. Hyperextension with a rotatory component probably resulted in strain in the tectorial membrane and alar ligaments, resulting in avulsion fracture at the sites of attachment, the bilateral occipital condyles and the inferior portion of the clivus. Conservative treatment is probably optimum even for this unusual and severe type of occipital condyle fracture.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/26. Unusual occipital condyle fracture with multiple nerve palsies and Wallenberg syndrome.

    A 52-year-old male presented with an extremely rare fracture of the occipital condyle involving the jugular foramen with marked medial rostrad displacement of the fragments. He had ipsilateral VII through XII nerves palsies and Wallenberg syndrome. Conservative treatment did not improve the cranial nerve palsies. A high-resolution CT-scan is essential to visualize these fractures.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 6
keywords = nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/26. Bony entrapment of ulnar nerve after closed forearm fracture: a case report.

    We report a case of ulnar nerve palsy following forearm fracture in a 13-year-old girl. Significant anterior angulation and displacement of the ulna were noted. Operation was performed 3 months after the injury, when no recovery of numbness and claw hand deformity were demonstrated. Intra-operatively the ulnar nerve was found to be embedded between fragments of the fractured ulna, which showed lack of callus formation on the preoperative radiograph. The patient achieved complete recovery of sensory and motor functions 4 months after the surgery.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 6
keywords = nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/26. A patient with an odontoid fracture and atrophy of the tongue: a case report and systematic review of the literature.

    BACKGROUND: Traumatic hypoglossal nerve palsy is a rare entity and has rarely been described in association with an odontoid fracture. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present a patient with a posttraumatic odontoid fracture who developed selective weakness of his arms and a unilateral hypoglossal nerve palsy. A systematic review of the literature is presented, and hypothetical causes for the injury are discussed. CONCLUSION: Bell's cruciate paralysis and central cord syndrome are probably expressions of the same mechanism rather than 2 separate entities based on a preferential damage of pyramidal crossing arm fibers. C2 fractures with concomitant lower cranial nerve injury are relatively rare and have a reasonably good outcome, especially when unilateral.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3
keywords = nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/26. Pedicled internal oblique rotational muscle flap for reconstruction of lateral pelvic defects: report of 4 cases.

    Various local and distant flaps have been used to repair pelvic defects, including sartorius, rectus abdominis, rectus femoris, tensor fascia lata, vastus lateralis, gracilis, and omentum, each with benefits and disadvantages. The pedicled internal oblique rotational muscle flap has been described to cover pelvic wounds but may be underutilized. We present our experience with 5 pedicled internal oblique flaps in 4 patients (3 male, 1 female). The mean patient age was 32 years (23-47 years), and the mean follow-up was 8 months. All patients required coverage of the lateral pelvis after failure of conservative measures. There were no major complications. One patient experienced decreased sensation in the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve distribution, which resolved fully within 3 months. The internal oblique muscle provides local soft-tissue coverage with a predictable blood supply, and its proximity to the pelvis offers an alternative for reconstruction of lateral pelvic defects, with minimal associated morbidity.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/26. reflex sympathetic dystrophy after clavicle fracture: case report.

    reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) of the anterior chest wall is a rare entity. A medline search in all languages of the world's literature from 1966 to the present yielded no report of the association of clavicle fracture with this pain syndrome. Two cases are presented and the anatomic variations of the supraclavicular nerves in relation to the clavicle are discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/26. Neurologic complications after K-wire fixation of supracondylar humerus fractures in children.

    A retrospective review of 143 supracondylar humerus fractures in children treated with K-wire fixation disclosed four neurologic complications after treatment. There were two late ulnar neuropraxias. One ulnar nerve injury and one radial nerve injury resulted from direct trauma during insertion of a K-wire. All patients regained full neurologic function.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/26. Posterior tibial nerve neurotmesis complicating a closed tibial fracture. A case report.

    A case of complete transection of the posterior tibial nerve complicating a closed mid-shaft fracture of the tibia is reported. Early surgical exploration and repair resulted in return of function within 6 months. Such injuries are not common, but the case described highlights the importance of vigilance in assessment of all limb fractures.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/26. Anterior interosseous nerve palsy complicating a forearm fracture in a child.

    An anterior interosseous nerve palsy occurring as a complication of a closed both bone forearm fracture in a child is presented. Surgical exploration showed that a bone spike from the proximal fragment was perforating the median nerve. The fractured radius was reduced and inspection of the nerve under the microscope showed no fasicular disruption. Complete motor recovery occurred in 4 months and sensibility had fully returned at 10 months after the operation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 7
keywords = nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/26. Combined anesthetic and surgical treatment of reflex sympathetic dystrophy following a healed crush injury of the foot.

    reflex sympathetic dystrophy is an often overlooked diagnostic cause of posttraumatic pain. After wound healing, persistent pain frequently is treated with continued analgesic administration, physical therapy, acupuncture, nerve blocks, psychotherapy and sometimes even ignored in hopes that either the pain or the patient will "go away." The authors relate successful evaluation and treatment of reflex sympathetic dystrophy in the case of a young man with disabling pain following a healed crush injury to his foot.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Fractures, Closed'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.