Cases reported "Fractures, Comminuted"

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1/133. Sideswipe elbow fractures.

    A retrospective review of all cases of sideswipe elbow fractures (SSEFs) treated at two community hospitals from 1982 to 1992 was conducted to determine the functional outcome of the operative treatment of SSEFs. All five injuries involved the left elbow, and they included open fractures of the olecranon, the radius and ulna, the ulna and humerus, the humerus, and traumatic amputation of the arm. Concomitant injuries included three radial nerve palsies and two injuries each to the median nerve, ulnar nerve, and brachial artery. Treatment included irrigation, debridement (repeated if necessary), open reduction and internal fixation, external fixation (one case), and delayed amputation (one case). An average of 130/-10 degrees elbow flexion/extension, and 60/60 degrees supination/pronation was obtained for the three of four patients with reconstructions who returned for follow-up.
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2/133. The Mt. Tyndall incident.

    The authors describe the 53-hour rescue of a 6-foot, 1-inch tall, 250-pound hiker in the face of harsh environmental conditions in sequoia National Park. This 43-year-old man fell 25 feet, injured his leg, and was noted to be hypothermic and hypovolemic. weather, altitude, and the patient's size delayed and complicated his evacuation. After being carried down 1,500 vertical feet, he was hoisted into a hovering helicopter and flown to University Medical Center in Fresno, california. On arrival, the patient was determined to have a comminuted subtrochanteric right femur fracture, which was ultimately repaired surgically. The authors also discuss some of the unique aspects of wilderness and National Park Service EMS.
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3/133. High-energy bilateral talar neck fractures secondary to motocross injury.

    The authors present a case of bilateral Hawkins type II talar neck fractures sustained during a motocross race in a 23 year old man. Due to the complexity of the injuries, open reduction with internal fixation and primary subtalar joint arthrodesis was performed bilaterally. This is one of the few cases of bilateral talar neck fractures reported in the literature in the past 15 years and one of the first utilizing open reduction and internal fixation with concomitant subtalar joint arthrodesis as a primary treatment.
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4/133. A case of old trapezoid fracture.

    We studied a rare case of old dorsal displacement fracture of the trapezoid. Favorable results were obtained with sugical reduction, despite the fracture being old.
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5/133. An open fracture of the ulna with bone loss, treated by bone transport.

    We report a Gustilo and Anderson IIIc fracture of the ulna with 8 cm of bone loss which was reconstructed primarily by the technique of external fixation and bone transport. Five operations were performed over a period of 14 months (treatment index = 52.5 days/cm). A satisfactory functional result was achieved, demonstrating the efficacy of this technique for difficult forearm reconstructions and comparing favourably with other methods of managing large bone and soft tissue defects.
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6/133. Recurrent fracture of the humerus in a softball player.

    Fracture of a normal humerus can occur during the act of throwing an object. We present the case of a young woman who sustained a spiral fracture of the distal humeral shaft with concomitant radial nerve palsy while throwing a softball and who, after clinical and radiographic evidence of bony healing, suffered a repeat humerus fracture, also while throwing a softball.
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7/133. Unilateral comminuted and complicated fracture of the mandible due to dog attack.

    Fractures of the mandible and their management are discussed in detail in textbooks and articles dealing with facial trauma. This paper presents the management and treatment of a case of a unilateral comminuted and complicated fracture of the mandible due to dog attack on a geriatric patient. The attack also severed the patient's right arm. Due to the severity of the trauma, an emergency surgery was performed on the mandible and arm.
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8/133. Combined talar body and tibial plafond fracture: a case report.

    We report a case of a crush fracture of the body of the talus associated with an anterior tibial plafond fracture. This injury is a rare variant of talar body fracture which merits special attention. The bony injury in this type of fracture is associated with multiple loose fragments involving both weightbearing surfaces of the ankle joint. After appropriate imaging to allow preoperative planning, we utilized a two-incision approach which was necessary to achieve adequate exposure and fixation. We used basic fracture management principles to deal with a previously undocumented fracture pattern.
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9/133. New technique for treatment of unstable distal femur fractures by locked double-plating: case report and biomechanical evaluation.

    BACKGROUND: A comminuted, intra-articular distal femur fracture was surgically treated by the authors with a locked, double-plating technique because fixation stability could not be initially achieved by using a standard double-plating technique. The purpose of this study was to determine biomechanically whether a locked double-plate construct would enhance fixation stability compared with a nonlocked double-plate construct. methods: Six matched pairs of mildly osteopenic femurs were selected and all had a reproducible intra-articular fracture pattern created. Each pair underwent fixation with either a double-plating construct or a locked, double-plating construct that was randomly assigned. The instrumented femurs were then mechanically tested in several loading modes to determine fixation stability. After initial testing, specimens were cyclically loaded and retested for stability. RESULTS: The locked, double-plating construct provided significantly greater fixation stability than the standard double-plating construct in precycling and postcycling biomechanical testing. CONCLUSION: The technique described is particularly applicable for severely comminuted fractures of the distal femur and fractures in osteopenic bone with poor screw purchase. It offers a simple alternative for enhancing fixation stability, which avoids the potential complications of methylmethacrylate-enhanced screw fixation.
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10/133. Comminuted pelvic ring disruption in toddlers: management of a rare injury.

    Pediatric pelvic fractures are rare injuries. The clinical management, classification, and operative treatment of this type of injury was presented in two toddlers ranging in age from 1 to 3 years. The CT examination proved to be the most reliable diagnostic tool for the assessment of the fracture morphology. The findings of the CT examination provide the possibility for an exact classification and operative planning. The surgical treatment was performed with the AO instrumentation for small fragments by using the approved standard approaches of adult surgery. The postoperative management has to be adapted to the physiology of the children. It is important to remove the osteosynthesis material in due time to avoid the risk of epiphysiodesis at the pelvis. To detect late sequelae of the trauma, follow-up should be performed regularly until growth is completed.
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