Cases reported "Fractures, Open"

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11/254. Fibular nonunion and equinovarus deformity secondary to posterior tibial tendon incarceration in the syndesmosis: a case report after a bimalleolar fracture-dislocation.

    A 39-year-old woman sustained a grade II open bimalleolar fracture-dislocation of the left ankle. Six months after an ORIF of these fractures was performed, she presented with a nonunion of the distal fibula fracture and with a fixed hindfoot equinovarus and forefoot adduction deformity. At surgery for repair of the fibular nonunion, the posterior tibial tendon (PTT) was found to be entrapped in the posterior tibiotalar joint, with a portion of the tendon interposed between the tibia and the fibula in the area of the posterior syndesmosis. After extrication of the PTT, the hindfoot varus and forefoot adduction deformity were corrected. To our knowledge, this is the first case report in the English literature of a missed PTT syndesmotic entrapment that resulted in a fibular nonunion and in a fixed foot deformity after an open bimalleolar ankle fracture dislocation.
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ranking = 1
keywords = fracture
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12/254. An open fracture of the ulna with bone loss, treated by bone transport.

    We report a Gustilo and Anderson IIIc fracture of the ulna with 8 cm of bone loss which was reconstructed primarily by the technique of external fixation and bone transport. Five operations were performed over a period of 14 months (treatment index = 52.5 days/cm). A satisfactory functional result was achieved, demonstrating the efficacy of this technique for difficult forearm reconstructions and comparing favourably with other methods of managing large bone and soft tissue defects.
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ranking = 0.625
keywords = fracture
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13/254. brain abscesses from neglected open head injuries: experience with 17 cases over 20 years.

    We are reviewing our experience with 17 civilian cases with post-traumatic brain abscesses treated in the era of CT scanning over a period of 20 years. The principal cause for this intracranial complication was the neglected compound depressed fracture. One was a newborn infant with left parietal abscess caused by a vacuum extraction. We have used the following methods of treating the abscesses: single burr hole aspiration in the newborn with an excellent result; repeated aspiration, with debridement of the depressed fracture, in 5 cases (1 death); aspiration with early subsequent excision, via craniotomy, in 7 cases (no death), and primary excision, via craniotomy, in 4 cases (1 death). The early subsequent excision of the abscess, 2 or 3 days after the initial aspiration, has proved in our experience very satisfactory. In cases with bone fragment into the abscess cavity the excision of the abscess is indicated. The cultured pus from the abscess cavity showed mixed flora (streptococci and staphylococci) in 7 cases; staphylococcus aureus in 4; staphylococcus epidermidis in 2, and no growth in 4 cases. Antibiotics play an important role in the treatment of post-traumatic brain abscesses.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = fracture
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14/254. Split free flap and monofixator distraction osteogenesis for leg reconstruction.

    The use of a split muscle flap widens the indications of unilateral external fixation in the treatment of type IIIB open tibial fractures with large bone defects. The same frame can be used for early stabilization and for secondary distraction lengthening procedures. The use of a split flap allows an easy, safe, and painless pin migration. The combination of these techniques represents a very safe solution, especially for patients in poor general and vascular condition.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = fracture
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15/254. Is there a place for external fixation in humeral shaft fractures?

    There is a good indication for unilateral axial dynamic external fixation in fractures of the humeral shaft when the fracture appears in the distal third or in cases of bilateral fractures. A non-union or a posttraumatic paralysis of the radial nerve may be indications for external fixation as well as fractures associated with multiple injuries. Further indications include osteitis, infected non-union and comminuted fracture. There is maximum protection of the soft tissue with this method of treatment. External fixation combines the advantages of conservative and operative treatment by influencing callus formation by dynamizing, distraction or compression. Minimizing soft tissue damage facilitates the decision for early exploration of the radial nerve in cases of palsy. A safer positioning technique of the distal screws of the fixator is described.
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ranking = 1.125
keywords = fracture
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16/254. Combined pedicled flaps for grade IIIB tibial fractures in children: a report of two patients.

    Severe open tibial fractures in children are associated with notable morbidity and require early aggressive management to ensure a successful outcome. Free flaps are currently the gold standard in distal extremity reconstruction in which large soft-tissue defects exist, as is often the case with grade IIIB fractures. In severe lower limb trauma, however, free flaps are associated with a relatively high risk of failure, particularly when definitive soft-tissue coverage is delayed. Alternative methods of soft-tissue reconstruction may, therefore, occasionally require consideration. The authors describe the combined use of three pedicled flaps to attain soft-tissue coverage in 2 children with grade IIIB tibial fractures. These three flaps are individually in common use for lower limb soft-tissue coverage, are simple to raise, and in combination can cover extensive soft-tissue defects of the lower extremity. The major vascular axes of the limb are not sacrificed; however, the aesthetic result is modest.
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ranking = 0.875
keywords = fracture
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17/254. An unusual management of an open compound depressed skull fracture with venous sinus involvement. A case report.

    A neurosurgical management of an open compound depressed fracture perforating the superior sagittal sinus is reported. Undue bleeding from the fracture did not allow a conservative management. The patient had been operated primarily at an outside emergency surgery unit. Profuse uncontrollable bleeding made a tamponade of the sinus necessary for transportation to our neurosurgical department. After reconstruction of the sinus he survived without evidence of a neurological deficit.
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ranking = 0.75
keywords = fracture
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18/254. Successful free flap transfer following venous thrombectomy in recipient vessel.

    We report the case of a 53-year-old male patient who suffered a high velocity multiple trauma with bilateral open tibial fractures. At definitive orthopaedic and plastic surgical reconstruction 5 days post initial trauma, he was found peroperatively to have an existing deep venous thrombosis in his popliteal vein on one side. He underwent venous thrombectomy and had subsequent successful latissimus dorsi flap transfer using the unblocked popliteal vein as a recipient vessel.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = fracture
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19/254. Reconstruction of a tibial defect with microvascular transfer of a previously fractured fibula.

    A 43-year-old man sustained severe injuries to his lower limbs with extensive soft-tissue damage and bilateral tibial-fibular fractures. Acutely, the patient underwent external fixation and a free latissimus dorsi flap for soft-tissue coverage of the left leg. However, the tibia had a nonviable butterfly fragment that left a 7-cm defect after debridement. Subsequently, the contralateral fractured fibula was used as a bridging vascularized graft for this tibial defect. The transfer of a fibula containing the zone of injury from a previous high-energy fracture has not been reported. This case demonstrates the successful microvascular transfer of a previously fractured fibula for the repair of a contralateral tibial bony defect.
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ranking = 1
keywords = fracture
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20/254. Open tongue-type calcaneus fracture with a partial posteromedial subtalar dislocation.

    calcaneus fractures with a subtalar dislocation are extremely rare. A case of a tongue-type calcaneus fracture with a posteromedial dislocation of the calcaneal posterior facet and tuberosity is presented. Treatment included lag screw fixation to maintain the reduction without further soft-tissue trauma.
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ranking = 0.75
keywords = fracture
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