Cases reported "Fractures, Spontaneous"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/521. Oncogenic osteomalacia presenting as bilateral stress fractures of the tibia.

    We report on a patient with bilateral stress fractures of the tibia who subsequently showed classic biochemical features of oncogenic osteomalacia. Conventional radiographs were normal. MR imaging revealed symmetric, bilateral, band-like low-signal lesions perpendicular to the medial cortex of the tibiae and corresponding to the only lesions subsequently seen on the bone scan. A maxillary sinus lesion was subsequently detected and surgically removed resulting in prompt alleviation of symptoms and normalization of hypophosphatemia and low 1,25-(OH)2 vitamin D3. The lesion was pathologically diagnosed as a hemangiopericytoma-like tumor. patients with oncogenic osteomalacia may present with stress fractures limited to the tibia, as seen in athletes. The clue to the real diagnosis lies in paying close attention to the serum phosphate levels, especially in patients suffering generalized symptoms of weakness and not given to unusual physical activity.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/521. Neurological complications in insufficiency fractures of the sacrum. Three case-reports.

    Three cases of nerve root compromise in elderly women with insufficiency fractures of the sacrum are reported. Neurological compromise is generally felt to be exceedingly rare in this setting. A review of 493 cases of sacral insufficiency fractures reported in the literature suggested an incidence of about 2%. The true incidence is probably higher since many case-reports provided only scant information on symptoms; furthermore, sphincter dysfunction and lower limb paresthesia were the most common symptoms and can readily be overlooked or misinterpreted in elderly patients with multiple health problems. The neurological manifestations were delayed in some cases. A full recovery was the rule. The characteristics of the sacral fracture were not consistently related with the risk of neurological compromise. In most cases there was no displacement and in many the foramina were not involved. The pathophysiology of the neurological manifestations remains unclear. We suggest that patients with sacral insufficiency fractures should be carefully monitored for neurological manifestations.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.3333333333333
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/521. Pathological fracture of a lumbar vertebra caused by rheumatoid arthritis--a case report.

    We describe a case of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with collapse of the L3 lumbar vertebra for which surgery was performed. The pathogenesis of lumbar lesions affected by RA is discussed and the literature reviewed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.66666666666667
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/521. Unusual longitudinal stress fractures of the femoral diaphysis: report of five cases.

    We present five cases of a distinctive type of longitudinal stress fracture of the upper femoral shaft in which the fracture line is parallel to the outer surface of the bone, in contrast to the perpendicular orientation to the cortical surface in previously reported cases of diaphyseal stress fractures. In two cases the fracture recurred after 15 and 18 months, respectively.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.3333333333333
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/521. Ewing's sarcoma recurrence vs radiation necrosis in dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging: a case report.

    PURPOSE: We report a case of Ewing's sarcoma in the right distal femur in a 6-year-old male to demonstrate how dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DEMRI) findings predicted histopathology. MATERIALS AND methods: DEMRI was performed at presentation and during and after completion of chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Histopathologic studies were done at presentation, at 77 weeks (20 weeks after a pathological fracture), and from the en bloc resection at 104 weeks. RESULTS: DEMRI predicted the early tumor response, absence of tumor recurrence, presence of necrosis and lack of fracture healing, confirmed by histopathology. CONCLUSION: DEMRI is a clinically useful tool in managing Ewing's sarcoma.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/521. Fatty infiltration of osseous structures: a long-term complication of oleothorax--case report.

    Thoracic imaging of a patient treated for pulmonary tuberculosis with oleothorax therapy before the antibiotic era demonstrated a rare complication. Gross invasion by lipid with subsequent pathologic fracture of the adjacent thoracic vertebra may give rise to symptomatic spinal cord compression. magnetic resonance imaging is a useful modality for help in diagnosing treatment complications of oleothorax.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/521. Pathologic odontoid fracture and benign fibrous histiocytoma of bone.

    We present the case of a 44-year-old female patient, who sustained an odontoid fracture after a minor trauma (uncomplicated fall). The radiologic evaluation revealed a skeletal tumor of the second cervical vertebra together with a fracture line at the base of the odontoid process of the axis. The patient underwent surgery, the tumor was resected and the odontoid was stabilised using an autologous cortico-cancellous bone graft and a halo fixator. Histologic examination revealed benign fibrous histiocytoma, which is reported to be a very rare skeletal tumor.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/521. Musculoskeletal manifestations of osteomalacia: report of 26 cases and literature review.

    OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to describe the musculoskeletal manifestations in a selected population of 26 patients with biopsy-proven osteomalacia (OM) and provide a literature update. methods: The 26 patients with biopsy-proven OM were selected from a total number of 79 patients who underwent anterior iliac crest biopsy. The diagnosis of OM was confirmed by the presence of an osteoid volume greater than 10%, osteoid width greater than 15 microm, and delayed mineralization assessed by double-tetracycline labeling. RESULTS: OM was caused by intestinal malabsorption in 13 patients, whereas six other patients presented with hypophosphatemia of different causes. Five elderly patients presented with hypovitaminosis D, and in two patients the OM was part of renal osteodystrophy. Twenty-three patients presented with bone pain and diffuse demineralization, whereas three other patients had normal or increased bone density. Characteristic pseudofractures were seen in only seven patients. Six of the 23 patients with diffuse demineralization had an "osteoporotic-like pattern" without pseudofractures. Prominent articular manifestations were seen in seven patients, including a rheumatoid arthritis-like picture in three, osteogenic synovitis in three, and ankylosing spondylitis-like in one. Two other patients were referred to us with the diagnosis of possible metastatic bone disease attributable to polyostotic areas of increased radio nuclide uptake caused by pseudofractures. Six patients also had proximal myopathy, two elderly patients were diagnosed as having polymalgia rheumatica, and two young patients were diagnosed as having fibromyalgia. One of the patients who presented with increased bone density was misdiagnosed as possible fluorosis. CONCLUSION: OM is usually neglected when compared with other metabolic bone diseases and may present with a variety of clinical and radiographic manifestations mimicking other musculoskeletal disorders.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/521. Pathological fracture in non-ossifying fibroma with histological features simulating aneurysmal bone cyst.

    A 12-year-old-girl presented with a fracture of an osteolytic lesion of the distal radius. A 7-year-old girl presented with a fracture of an osteolytic lesion of the femoral shaft. In both cases it was a non-ossifying fibroma with fracture misdiagnosed at pathology as aneurysmal bone cyst. Fractures through non-ossifying fibromas may alter the histological pattern of the initial lesion in two ways: firstly, by the presence of blood pigments due to the fracture, and secondly, by formation of new bone. Radiological-pathological correlation is essential to avoid histological errors after pathological fracture in a non-ossifying fibroma.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.5
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/521. eosinophilic granuloma: a case report with pathologic fracture.

    Approximately 10% to 20% of all cases of eosinophilic granuloma occur in the jaws. A palpable mass with or without pain is the most frequent presenting clinical feature. Less common clinical signs include gingivitis, loose teeth, and oral ulceration with poor healing. We report a case of monostotic mandibular eosinophilic granuloma in a 38-year-old woman that initially manifested mandibular body fracture, an unusual and poorly documented clinical sign for this disease. The clinical and radiographic features, differential diagnosis, and treatment plan of the case are presented.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.83333333333333
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Fractures, Spontaneous'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.