Cases reported "Fractures, Spontaneous"

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1/41. Oncogenic osteomalacia presenting as bilateral stress fractures of the tibia.

    We report on a patient with bilateral stress fractures of the tibia who subsequently showed classic biochemical features of oncogenic osteomalacia. Conventional radiographs were normal. MR imaging revealed symmetric, bilateral, band-like low-signal lesions perpendicular to the medial cortex of the tibiae and corresponding to the only lesions subsequently seen on the bone scan. A maxillary sinus lesion was subsequently detected and surgically removed resulting in prompt alleviation of symptoms and normalization of hypophosphatemia and low 1,25-(OH)2 vitamin D3. The lesion was pathologically diagnosed as a hemangiopericytoma-like tumor. patients with oncogenic osteomalacia may present with stress fractures limited to the tibia, as seen in athletes. The clue to the real diagnosis lies in paying close attention to the serum phosphate levels, especially in patients suffering generalized symptoms of weakness and not given to unusual physical activity.
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keywords = tibia
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2/41. Osteofibrous dysplasia of the tibia: case report and review of the literature.

    A case of osteofibrous dysplasia (OFD) of the tibia with 10 years of follow-up is presented. Spontaneous healing of this lesion occurred without any surgical intervention at the age of 10 years. The diagnosis was made retrospectively on the basis of clinical and radiographic appearance and evolution. The capricious nature and indolent course of this neoplasm has led to uncertainty regarding its etiology, evolution, and treatment. A review of the literature and the ongoing discussion about this matter is presented.
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ranking = 0.71428571428571
keywords = tibia
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3/41. Occult fractures of tibial plateau detected employing magnetic resonance imaging.

    We describe two cases of spontaneous fracture at the tibial metaphysis not diagnosed by standard X-ray. In both cases, only magnetic resonance imaging supplied a precise diagnosis and allowed us to follow the evolution of the pathology. Scintigraphy is equally sensitive but unspecific. osteoporosis was noted in all cases. Hypothetically, similar pathological situations could be present without being diagnosed since they are not always detected by standard x-rays.
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ranking = 0.71428571428571
keywords = tibia
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4/41. Metastatic fractures of the tibia.

    Pathologic fractures of the tibia due to a metastasis are rare. The treatment of an established fracture is sometimes conservative, but more often surgical. The purpose of the surgical procedure is to improve the quality of life and the ambulatory status, to relieve pain and to facilitate activities of daily living and nursing care. Four cases of operatively managed metastatic fractures of the tibia are presented with emphasis on the surgical technique. The scarce literature on metastatic tibial fractures in reviewed. The operative technique to be used does not only depend on the location of the tumor but also on the primary tumor, the response to adjuvant therapy and the life expectancy. For metastatic shaft fractures an intramedullary nail, sometimes augmented with bone cement, is preferred. For distal or proximal fractures a compound osteosynthesis with plates and screws offers a good solution. In the epiphyseal and metaphyseal region of the tibia an amputation or a tumor prosthesis is the procedure of choice.
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ranking = 1.1428571428571
keywords = tibia
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5/41. Bilateral tibia and fibula fractures in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis.

    A 52-year-old woman with rheumatoid arthritis treated with low-dose steroids developed bilateral distal tibia and fibula fractures over a 15-month period. Her bone density was within osteopenic levels. Such fractures are an unusual but increasingly recognised complication of rheumatoid disease and its treatment, although there is often diagnostic delay. Bilateral fractures are particularly rare. A high level of clinical suspicion is required for early diagnosis.
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ranking = 0.71428571428571
keywords = tibia
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6/41. Successful limb salvage of pathological fracture of the distal tibia caused by cancer metastasis.

    Pathological fractures of the distal tibia as a result of cancer metastases are rare. In particular, the management of intraarticular fractures of the distal tibia has not been established. In this article, we present a case of pathological intraarticular fracture with an extensive bone defect of the distal tibia that was successfully treated by limb salvage with a locked intramedullary nail and pirarubicin-impregnated methylmethacrylate. A 52-year-old patient with duodenal cancer presented with a painful swelling in the left crus. The condition was diagnosed as an impending pathological fracture of the tibia because of cancer metastasis. During radiation therapy, an actual pathological fracture of the distal tibia occurred due to an accident. Limb-salvage surgery was performed by removing the metastatic lesion, followed by using a locked intramedullary nail. Three distal and seven proximal locking screws were inserted into the tarsal bones and the remaining tibia. About 10 cm of bone defect was reconstructed by pirarubicin-impregnated methylmethacrylate. Consequently, good stability was achieved. One month later the patient could walk without any aid. Postoperative functional score was 77% according to the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society criteria. There was no recurrence; however, the patient died of lung metastases 4 months after the limb-salvage surgery.
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ranking = 1.4285714285714
keywords = tibia
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7/41. Combined radiofrequency thermal ablation and percutaneous cementoplasty treatment of a pathologic fracture.

    Skeletal metastases commonly occur in patients with cancer and treatment is necessary to alleviate pain and prevent complications, such as mobility deficiencies and pathologic fractures. The authors present a patient with a stage IV malignant melanoma and a pathologic fracture of the left tibial plateau treated with radiofrequency heat ablation and percutaneous cementoplasty for defect filling and stabilization. The authors believe that this approach may be an alternative to the standard treatments in palliative-care situations.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = tibia
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8/41. Spontaneous fractures in the differential diagnosis of fractures in children.

    A four-year-old male with cerebral palsy and spasticity, as a result of a non-accidental head injury sustained when he was two years old, died of pneumonia. Postmortem full body x-rays revealed fractures of varying ages of the left humerus and both femora, tibiae, and fibulae. This led to a thorough investigation of the case by the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner. child abuse, accidents, metabolic bone disorders, other primary or secondary diseases of the bones, and pathological fractures were ruled out. The final diagnosis was spontaneous fractures secondary to osteopenia. The term spontaneous fractures is used to define fractures that occur without any known external cause, especially in cerebral palsy patients with spasticity.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = tibia
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9/41. A new consideration in athletic injuries. The classical ballet dancer.

    The professional ballet dancer presents all of the problems of any vigorous athlete. The problems include osteochondral fractures, fatigue fractures, sprains, chronic ligamentous instability of the knee, meniscal tears, impingement syndrome, degenerative arthritis of multiple joints and low back pain. attention to minor problems with sound conservative therapy can avoid many major developments and lost hours. Observations included the extraordinary external rotation of at the hip without demonstrable alteration in the hip version angle and hypertrophy of the femur, tibia and particularly the second metatarsal (in female dancers). Careful evaluation of the range of motion of the extremities, serial roentgenographic examination, and systematic review of previous injuries, training programs and rehearsal techniques have been evaluated in a series of cases to provide the basis for advice to directors and teachers of the ballet.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = tibia
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10/41. Longitudinal bone insufficiency fracture of the tibia in a renal transplant recipient.

    We report a case of longitudinal tibial fracture as the first manifestation of bone insufficiency in a 50-year-old patient who had received a renal transplant 12 years earlier. The epidemiological, clinical, and imaging features of these fractures are reviewed. Bone loss occurs in the long term in about half of renal transplant recipients. The main causes are preexisting renal osteodystrophy; glucocorticoid therapy; and hyperparathyroidism, whether residual or secondary to imperfect graft function. The effects of cyclosporine therapy on bone metabolism remain unclear. Identification of patients at very high risk of fracture and available options for early prophylaxis are discussed.
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ranking = 0.71428571428571
keywords = tibia
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