Cases reported "galactorrhea"

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11/181. galactorrhea as the sole presenting symptom of a posterior third ventricular epidermoid cyst.

    BACKGROUND: brain tumors that are remote from the sellar and parasellar region rarely produce galactorrhea. CASE DESCRIPTION: galactorrhea was the sole presenting symptom in a patient with a posterior third ventricular epidermoid cyst. On investigation, her serum prolactin level was mildly elevated. After radical excision of the tumour, the spontaneous galactorrhea stopped and the serum prolactin level decreased. CONCLUSION: Because of the clinical and biochemical response seen after surgery, we speculate that the galactorrhea was caused by the presence of the tumor. We postulate that the pressure exerted by the tumor on the diencephalic structures was probably the cause of galactorrhea in our patient. ( info)

12/181. Spontaneous remission in idiopathic hyperprolactinemia.

    In this report we describe a 37 year old lady who was demonstrated to have hyperprolactinemia causing amenorrhea-galactorrhea syndrome. Computerized tomography scan done twice did not reveal any sellar or suprasellar abnormality and there was no clinical or biochemical evidence of primary hypothyroidism. She had regression of galactorrhea, resumed regular menstrual cycles, and conceived twice on bromocriptine therapy. Following her second delivery she noticed spontaneous remission of galactorrhea and, prolactin levels estimated multiple times were normal. ( info)

13/181. empty sella syndrome presenting as galactorrhoea.

    A prolactin secreting tumour is the commonest cause of the amenorrhoea-galactorrhoea syndrome. Galactorrhoea is a rare presentation of an empty sella syndrome. The empty sella syndrome commonly presents with headache and visual impairment and occasionally with endocrine disturbances in hypertensive middle aged women. The authors present a case of hyperprolactinemia resulting in galactorrhoea in a middle aged lady associated with a primary empty sella syndrome. ( info)

14/181. Lymphocytic hypophysitis: spontaneous resolution on MRI with progression of endocrine defect.

    Lymphocytic hypophysitis is an uncommon condition that typically occurs during the last trimester of pregnancy or in the postpartum period. Presentation is of an anterior pituitary mass with varying degrees of pituitary dysfunction. We present a case in which there was dramatic resolution of the pituitary lesion on sequential MRI scanning. Despite this apparent resolution, however, the patient continues to have significant pituitary dysfunction. ( info)

15/181. Pituitary function testing in amenorrhea-galactorrhea-hyperprolactinemia.

    Fifteen patients, age 16 to 55, presented with amenorrhea-galactorrhea-hyperprolactinemia. Pituitary function was evaluated by bolus injections of insulin, luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH), and thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) in 13 and by LHRH and TRH in 2. Responses to growth hormone (GH), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), cortisol (F), luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and prolactin were measured. GH, TSH, and F responses were normal in most cases. LH responses were decreased (P less than 0.025) in patients with abnormal sellar tomography, whereas FSH responses tended to decrease with elevated prolactin levels. Prolactin responses were absent in five of the seven cases which could be evaluated. The clinical value of such testing appears to be limited to an individualized basis, although some prognosis of ovulatory response to bromocriptine therapy may be obtained from the gonadotropin response. ( info)

16/181. Unusual case presentation of lichen simplex chronicus, Hodgkin's lymphoma, and nonpuerperal hyperprolactinemia-galactorrhea.

    OBJECTIVE: To report the association of nonpuerperal galactorrhea and severe pruritus with clinical stage IIB Hodgkin's lymphoma. methods: We present a detailed history, findings on physical examination, laboratory data, and results of diagnostic imaging in a 25-year-old woman. A review of the related literature and speculations about possible etiologic factors for this association are provided. RESULTS: Dermatologic evaluation of the patient revealed lichen simplex chronicus with multiple excoriations on the anterior chest area and lower extremities. High serum prolactin concentrations and easily expressible galactorrhea were present. magnetic resonance imaging of the sella with 1-mm cuts, however, revealed a normal pituitary gland. Computed tomography showed multiple enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes, and a left supraclavicular lymph node biopsy revealed the presence of reed-sternberg cells and lymphocyte alterations consistent with the diagnosis of Hodgkin's lymphoma. After one cycle of chemotherapy for management of the lymphoma, parallel reductions in serum prolactin concentrations and galactorrhea were noted. CONCLUSION: Possible causes for this syndrome include afferent mammary nerve stimulation resulting from scratching of pruritic skin and cytokine-induced hypersecretion of prolactin attributable to the lymphoma. Although uncommon, this syndrome may serve as an important harbinger of developing Hodgkin's lymphoma, and its disappearance may signify a therapeutic response. ( info)

17/181. amenorrhea-galactorrhea syndrome as an uncommon manifestation of isolated neurosarcoidosis.

    The involvement of the hypothalamic and/or the pituitary gland during granulomatous, infiltrative or autoimmune diseases is a rare condition of acquired hypothalamic dysfunction and non-tumoral-non-vascular hypopituitarism. sarcoidosis is a pathogen-free granulomatous disease which affects both central and peripheral nervous systems in 5-16% of patients. In most cases, nervous involvement by sarcoidosis occurs within a multi-systemic disease, although disease localization limited to the nervous system has also been reported. We observed a 26-year-old Italian woman presenting with low-grade fever, headache, visual disturbances, amenorrhea-galactorrhea syndrome and pituitary failure due to an infiltrative lesion involving the hypothalamus and the pituitary stalk. At first, the diagnosis of "probable" neurosarcoidosis was made according to the clinical picture, magnetic resonance imaging, and the study of cerebrospinal fluid lymphocyte sub-populations. In this case, hyperprolactinemic amenorrhea and galactorrhea combined with blunted responses of gonadotropins to luteinizing hormone releasing hormone and acquired growth hormone failure were to be considered as an infrequent manifestation of neurosarcoidosis limited to the medio-basal brain, without other disease localization. Forty-eight months after disease onset, the occurrence of mediastinal lymph node enlargement and increase of angiotensin converting enzyme in serum allowed us to confirm the diagnosis of sarcoidosis. Neurosarcoidosis is often hard to diagnose, especially when the neurological localization of the disease is not accompanied by other possible systemic signs, and when the lesion is too deep to obtain biopsy confirmation. The study of cerebrospinal fluid and blood lymphocyte sub-populations integrated by magnetic resonance imaging may be helpful for a correct diagnosis. ( info)

18/181. Primary empty sella, galactorrhea, hyperprolactinemia and renal tubular acidosis.

    Discussed here is a 41 year old woman with galactorrhea associated with the empty sella syndrome and mild renal tubular acidosis. Basal serum prolactin (PRL) levels were normal, but a 24 hour serum PRL secretory profile demonstrated an increased mean PRL concentration. serum PRL was appropriately suppressed by the administration of L-dopa; however, chlorpromazine stimulation resulted in a blunted serum PRL response. Pituitary luteinizing hormone, follicle stimulating hormone, ACTH and thyroid stimulating hormone levels were normal. Thus, galactorrhea associated with an enlarged sella does not establish the diagnosis of a pituitary tumor, and pneumoencephalography must be performed to exclude the empty sella syndrome. ( info)

19/181. Galactorrhoea following acupuncture.

    A 41-year-old woman with breast cancer was referred to the pain management clinic for a course of acupuncture for intense pain following a subcutaneous mastectomy and a latissimus dorsi flap reconstruction. She was treated with a standard course of acupuncture for breast pain, using paravertebral segmental points, trigger points, plus contralateral L14 on the non-lymphoedematous arm. She experienced an episode of galactorrhoea six days following the first treatment and during the second treatment. She had not previously lactated for four years. CT and MRI of the brain revealed no focal abnormality. acupuncture has been used in to promote lactation in the Traditional Chinese literature using the 'Tianzong' acupoint SI11. This acupoint coincided with a trigger point over infraspinatus that was included in the neurophysiologically based acupuncture treatment. Quantitative analysis has shown an increase in the production of prolactin and oxytocin following acupuncture. These hormones are involved in the synthesis and release of milk from mammary glands respectively. This is the first report of galactorrhoea, in the contralateral normal breast, following acupuncture in a patient with breast cancer. ( info)

20/181. Effects of CB-154 (2-Br-alpha-ergocryptine) on prolactin and growth hormone release in an acromegalic patient with galactorrhea.

    An acromegalic patient with galactorrhea was treated with an ergot alkaloid, 2-Br-alpha-ergocryptine (CB-154). serum prolactin decreased rapidly to normal level by CB-154 and the complete cessation of galactorrhea was noted. The inhibitory effect of CB-154 On growth hormone (GH) release was also noted, but slight. The mechanism of inhibitory action of CB-154 on both prolactin and GH secretion was discussed in connection with the experimental model of pituitary tumors, in which both hormones were produced by a single type of tumor cells. The discontinuation of CB-154 treatment was associated with the return of both prolactin and GH levels to the initial high values with resumption of galactorrhea. ( info)
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