Cases reported "Ganglion Cysts"

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21/43. Deep peroneal nerve paresis in a runner caused by ganglion at capitulum peronei. Case report and review of the literature.

    Although lateral popliteal sciatic nerve damage is not one of the commonest diseases in the general population, it is quite frequent among athletes. Several physiopathologic mechanisms have been thought to bring about this damage in athletes. Soft tissue ganglions with neurological involvement of the lateral popliteal sciatic nerve or its terminal rami are in differential diagnosis with several lesions of this area, as direct or indirect trauma, subcutaneous rupture of anterior tibialis muscle and long peroneal muscle, disc hernia, intraspinal tumor, anterior tarsal tunnel syndrome, cysts, neurofibroma, baker's cyst, vascular claudication, stenosing or inflammatory pathology of 2(nd) motoneuron, antimicrobial agents for urinary tract infection (nitrofurnantoin). The authors report the case of a 34-year-old amateur athlete with a recent paralysis of the hallux extensor, paresis of the toe extensor and hyposthenia of the tibialis anterior. The patient had been suffering from episodes of lumbalgia for a long time. He was sent to us because neurological damage due to disc herniation was suspected. electromyography, sonography, and CT showed peripheral compression of the deep peroneal nerve caused by a mucous cyst at the capitulum peronei, a ''rare'' condition. The patient underwent surgery to excise the cyst, which led to the rapid resolution of the nerve deficit shown by clinical and electromyographical tests. A meticulous anamnesis and accurate objective examination, followed by specific tests (radiographs, sonography, and possibly CT scan) generally enable a correct diagnosis to be made. If diagnosis and therapy are carried out correctly, and without delay, symptoms quickly resolve and the nerve deficit progressively regresses.
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22/43. Unusual location of a posttraumatic ganglion and rupture of the peroneus brevis tendon: a case report.

    The typical location of a peroneus brevis tendon tear has been described at the posterior margin of the fibula due to an entrapment mechanism or repetitive anterior subluxation of the tendon. A case of a posttraumatic intratendinous ganglion of the peroneus brevis tendon in the distal third of the peroneus brevis is reported. The ganglion developed from a longitudinal tear in the tendon substance after an inversion ankle sprain. This case is reported because of the unusual location. The clinical course and surgical treatment is also discussed.
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23/43. Ulnar neuropathy at Guyon's canal: electrophysiological and surgical findings.

    Published correlations between electrophysiological and surgical findings are relatively rare in cases of ulnar nerve compression at the wrist, compared to the more common compression of the ulnar nerve at the elbow. We describe a patient who presented with clinical and electrodiagnostic findings of a pure motor ulnar neuropathy involving the territory of the deep branch. Surgical exploration revealed that a ganglion cyst caused compression of the deep ulnar motor branch at Guyon's canal. This case illustrates the usefulness of electrodiagnostic studies in the localization of nerve entrapment prior to surgery.
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24/43. Excision of a ganglion cyst from within the posterior septum of the knee--an arthroscopic technique.

    Ganglion formation within the posterior septum of the knee has not been reported in the literature. The anatomy of the posterior septum makes it inaccessible to routine arthroscopic examination because it is formed by the reflections of the synovium from the posterior cruciate ligament. We describe a technique whereby a ganglion within the posterior septum of the knee was excised successfully.
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25/43. Symptomatic intra-articular ganglion cyst of the knee.

    We are reporting a case of a patient with a symptomatic intra-articular ganglion of the knee arising from infrapatellar fat pad. Plain radiograph and Magnetic Resonance (MR) images were correlated with arthroscopic examination and histological findings. The cyst was removed and post operatively patient regained full extension.
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26/43. tarsal tunnel syndrome caused by ganglion.

    We report a case of delayed diagnosis of tarsal tunnel syndrome caused by a ganglion arising from the talo-calcaneal joint. Unusually the symptoms were mainly due to the lateral planter nerve compression with a positive Tinel's sign. A surgical decompression was successful in relieving the dysaesthesia in spite of a 7 years history.
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27/43. Ganglion cyst of the anterior cruciate ligament: a case report.

    A ganglion is a cystic swelling that usually arises close to tendons or joints. Its occurrence inside a joint is rare, and its diagnosis is usually incidental during magnetic resonance imaging or arthroscopy. It may be painful or asymptomatic. Some patients may have a trauma history. ganglia may mimic intra-articular lesions like tears of the anterior cruciate ligament or meniscus. magnetic resonance imaging is the investigation of choice for diagnosis. ganglia commonly arise from the anterior cruciate ligament, but can also arise from other structures such as the posterior cruciate ligament or meniscus. ganglia are typically treated by arthroscopic excision and debridement. We report a case of ganglion cyst of the anterior cruciate ligament in a 16-year-old man.
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28/43. MRI diagnosis of occult ganglion compression of the posterior interosseous nerve and associated supinator muscle pathology.

    Occult interosseous ganglions in the proximal forearm can result in pain and decreased supination. We will describe the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) diagnosis of an interesting case of supinator atrophy secondary to compression of the posterior interosseous branch of the radial nerve. A brief review of this entity follows.
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29/43. Tarsal tunnel surgery for treatment of tarsal ganglion: a rewarding operation with devastating potential complications.

    Three patients who originally presented with a mass in the tarsal tunnel are described to develop an algorithm for management of the tarsal ganglion. All three patients had complications from ganglion excision, including complete division of the posterior tibial nerve, injury to the posterior tibial artery, and ganglion recurrence. The guiding principles relating to the presence of an extraneural versus an intraneural ganglion are developed. An example of a posterior tibial intraneural ganglion is presented.
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30/43. Arthroscopic debridement and grafting of an intraosseous talar ganglion.

    We report the case of a 41-year-old man with right ankle pain and swelling who had an intraosseous talar ganglion in the medial part of talar dome. A surgical procedure was performed using the 3-portal arthroscopic approach. The softened chondral surface was removed and the content of the cyst was discharged arthroscopically. The sclerotic rim was abraded until the bleeding spongious layer was seen. A grafting procedure was also performed arthroscopically. A trocar was introduced into the defect from the superomedial portal. autografts were impacted using a cylindrical rod through the trocar into the defect. The clinical and radiologic results at the 1-year follow-up were satisfactory. We encountered no complications postoperatively. We conclude that arthroscopic debridement and grafting of an intraosseous ganglion adjacent to the articular surface may be a better option compared with open surgery.
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