Cases reported "Gastric Dilatation"

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1/4. gastric dilatation in a girl with former obesity and atypical anorexia nervosa.

    OBJECTIVE: This case report describes a 16 year-old girl of normal weight with acute gastric dilatation due to binge eating habits. METHOD AND RESULTS: Psychiatric assessment revealed a history of obesity and later atypical anorexia nervosa, but no current diagnosis of a typical eating disorder. After one month of daily binges a food excess was followed by an acute massive gastric dilatation which led to a laparotomy. DISCUSSION: Clinicians should be aware that abnormal eating habits may cause severe somatic complications even in patients of normal weight who are not currently diagnosed as having a typical eating disorder. Careful investigation of eating habits might have resulted in therapeutic gastric emptying at an earlier stage, thus avoiding the need for surgery in our patient.
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2/4. Acute massive gastric dilatation: severe ischemia and gastric necrosis without perforation.

    Acute massive gastric dilatation is a rare event and though it can occur in a multitude of medical conditions, its pathogenesis is still debated. It leads almost invariably to gastric necrosis with or without perforation which calls for emergency surgical treatment. We present the case of a 22 year-old male patient of normal weight with acute massive gastric dilatation due to a binge eating episode leading to gastric parietal ischemia with mucosal necrosis. Abdominal computed tomography established the diagnosis of acute massive gastric dilatation. After partial decompression of the stomach, the patient emptied his stomach by vomiting. Eight hours after gastric decompression, an upper endoscopy was performed showing ischemia with areas of necrotic gastric mucosa in the fundus and along the greater curvature. Despite presence of ischemia and gastric necrosis, conservative treatment was successful. Psychiatric assessment revealed a borderline mentally retarded young man, but no current diagnosis of a typical eating disorder. physicians should be aware that binge eating habits may cause acute massive gastric dilatation in patients of normal weight who are not diagnosed as having a typical eating disorder. Prompt diagnosis of acute gastric dilatation and decompression of the stomach even when gastric ischemia and mucosal necrosis is present, may avoid unnecessary laparotomy.
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3/4. Massive gastric dilatation after a single binge in an anorectic woman.

    OBJECTIVE: Massive gastric dilatation is a very serious condition that is extremely rare in patients with no history of gastrointestinal disease. Several cases have been reported in patients with eating disorders, particularly after a binge. We report here the case of a young woman who developed severe gastric dilatation after a single binge. methods: A computed tomographic (CT) scan of the abdomen was done and a psychiatric evaluation was performed. RESULTS: The diagnosis of acute gastric dilatation was confirmed and superior mesenteric artery syndrome was excluded. The patient responded to nasogastric drainage and bowel rest. She was also found to have situational anxiety and depressive symptoms as well as a nonspecified eating disorder. CONCLUSION: This case illustrates the serious sequel of even a single binge in any patient with abnormal dietary habits, and demonstrates the useful role of the CT scan in the diagnosis.
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ranking = 3.5
keywords = binge
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4/4. fatal outcome from extreme acute gastric dilation after an eating binge.

    OBJECTIVE: A 22-year-old woman is presented with acute gastric dilation after an eating binge, who died of complications of acute reperfusion syndrome. METHOD: A young patient was admitted in our clinic with critical condition without any significant previous medical history. Her initial complaints--diarrhea, vomiting and abdominal pain--began after an enormous food intake. There was no history of medications or toxic substances. physical examination showed a normally-developed, well-nourished female in severe distress with an extremely distended abdomen. Femoral pulses were absent. The US and CT scan showed a dilated stomach, extended into the pelvis, dislocating the intestinal organs and compressed the aorta and mesenteric veins. RESULTS: Urgent laparotomy was performed. An enormously distended stomach was encountered without volvulus, obstruction or adhesions. About 11 liters of gastric content was removed gastrotomy and nasogastric tube. Following the gastric decompression, the mesenteric and femoral pulses reappeared. During the operation, the cardio-respiratory status was stabilized, but in the following 24 hours irreversible shock developed, possibly due to the reperfusion of the retroperitoneal organs and the lower extremities. In the postoperative period disseminated intravascular coagulopathy developed. In an uncontrollable state of diffuse bleeding, 36 hours post-operation, the patient died. In retrospective investigation, the family confessed that previous psychological treatments which aimed at her bulimic attacks. CONCLUSION: Acute gastric dilatation is very uncommon and is of various etiologies, two of these being anorexia nervosa and bulimia. Several cases documenting complications of gastric dilatation were published; however, such severe complications, involving gastric infarction and compression of the aorta with ischemic injury of the bowels and lower extremities, are rare.
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ranking = 2.5
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