Cases reported "Gastric Fistula"

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1/15. Gastropleural fistula originating from the lesser curve: a recognised complication, an uncommon pathway of communication.

    Fistulous communications between the abdominal and the pleural cavity are rare; they implicate intra-abdominal sepsis. We present a rare case of subphrenic abscess following gastric perforation, which resulted in thoracic empyema. This report emphasises that gastropleural fistulas, although uncommon, should be considered in differential diagnoses of thoracic empyema, especially when there is a longstanding history of peptic ulceration.
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2/15. Communicating bronchopulmonary foregut malformations: classification and embryogenesis.

    Communicating bronchopulmonary foregut malformations (CBPFMs) are characterized by a fistula between an isolated portion of respiratory tissue (ie, a lung, a lung lobe, or a segment) and esophagus or stomach. We combine our 30-year (1959 to 1989) experience of 6 cases with 51 reported patients to propose a CBPFM classification supported by a proposed embryogenesis theory. Group I (16%): anomaly is associated with esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula. Group II (33%): one lung originates from the lower esophagus. Group III (46%): an isolated anatomic lung lobe or segment communicates with the esophagus or stomach. Group IV (5%): A portion of the normal bronchial system communicates with the esophagus. The portion of the lung served by the communicating bronchus receives systemic blood supply. The right and left lung sacs curve dorsally to embrace the lower esophagus during normal lung development. At this stage a part of the lung bud joins the esophagus. This segment then breaks away from the main pulmonary anlage to form a CBPFM. CBPFMs should be considered in the workup of infants with respiratory distress and/or recurrent pneumonias. patients with suspected pulmonary sequestration should undergo contrast studies to exclude a gastrointestinal communication.
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3/15. Gastro cutaneous fistula after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A case report.

    A young lady presented with a nonhealing epigastric sinus after 2 years of laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed outside. Upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy and contrast study confirmed its communication with the stomach. At relaparoscopy, the fistula was identified, dissected, and stapled with endo-GIA stapler. Patient made an uneventful postoperative recovery and she is well after 20 months of surgery. It may be concluded that laparoscopic cholecystectomy can lead to the development of gastrocutaneous fistula that can be managed by relaparoscopy and stapling the tract with endo-GIA devices.
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4/15. Gastrobronchial fistula after toothbrush ingestion.

    Gastrobronchial fistulous communications are uncommon complications of disease processes with only 36 previously reported cases. Described as complication of a number of conditions, such as previous gastroesophageal surgery, subphrenic abscess, and gastric ulcers (Jha P, Deiraniya A, Keeling-Robert C, et al. Gastrobronchial fistula--a recent series. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Sur 2003;2:6-8), we report a case of fistulization caused by ingestion of a foreign body. A patient with mental retardation, admitted for the treatment of osteomyelitis, presented during hospitalization symptoms of high fever, vomiting, and respiratory distress. endoscopy showed the presence of a gastrobronchial fistula, which developed after ingestion of a toothbrush. The toothbrush was extracted endoscopically, and the fistula was subsequently closed by surgery. The patient recovered completely. We report the first case of a gastrobronchial fistula as a complication of foreign body ingestion.
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5/15. Double pylorus: report of two cases and review of the literature.

    Double pylorus is a rare condition consisting of a double communication between gastric antrum and duodenal bulb; in most cases it is a complication of penetrating ulcer, sometimes it is a congenital abnormality. The prevalence of this rare anomaly ranges from 0.02% to 0.13%; the male:female ratio is about 2:1. Two cases of acquired double pylorus are reported with a review of the literature. The first case represented an occasional report; in the other one the development of double pylorus from confluent prepiloric and bulbar ulcers was documented through serial endoscopies. Both patients were affected with chronic renal failure and referred previous treatment with diclofenac; however, their relationship with double pylorus onset remains unproven.
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6/15. Bronchopulmonary foregut malformations. A unifying etiological concept.

    Two cases of congenital bronchopulmonary foregut malformation are reported and another 27 cases reviewed and the findings analyzed. The left lower lobe and the entire right lung are the most common locations of pulmonary involvement. The distal portion of the esophagus or cardioesophageal junction was the most common site of communication (83%). The majority of the patients (60%) presented in the first eight months of life, and the incidence in females was nearly twice that in males. Chronic cough, recurrent pneumonias and respiratory distress were the most common clinical findings, whereas two patients were totally asymptomatic. The esophagogram was the single most useful diagnostic procedure (82%). The microscopic structure of the congenital fistula resembled esophagus, bronchus or both. Surgical treatment was curative in most instances. Sime deaths occurred prior to corrective surgery, whereas the postoperative deaths in most instances were related to severe associated congenital anomalies. We believe a common embryologic pathogenesis leads to the formation of a variety of bronchopulmonary foregut malformations. These bronchopulmonary foregut malformations include intralobar and extralobar sequestrations, pulmonary sequestration with patent, or involuted--partial or complete--gastroesophageal communication, esophageal or gastric diverticula, and esophageal or bronchogenic duplication cysts.
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7/15. Spontaneous internal drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts.

    Six cases are reported in which spontaneous internal drainage between a pancreatic pseudocyst and the alimentary tract became established. In each instance the communication was demonstrated radiologically. The clinical circumstances and radiographic features of these cases are described, and the existing literature pertaining to this phenomenon is reviewed.
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8/15. Cardiogastric fistula occurring 9 years after resection of left ventricular aneurysm.

    An 83-year-old man, 9 years after repair of a postinfarction aneurysm of the left ventricle, developed fever, anemia, and congestive heart failure. Extensive evaluation of the gastrointestinal tract revealed no evidence of ulcer disease. While in the hospital, he developed massive hematemesis and melena and died 2 days later. At autopsy, a communication existed between a left ventricular pseudoaneurysm and the stomach to form a cardiogastric fistula. infection of the left ventricular pseudoaneurysm may have precipitated the gastric perforation. This represents an extremely rare late complication of aneurysmectomy procedures and, to our knowledge, is the first case to be reported in the absence of primary gastrointestinal pathology.
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9/15. Gastro-colic fistula complicating benign gastric ulcer in analgesic abusers.

    Two cases of gastro-colic fistula occurring in analgesic abusers are described. In both patients, the fistulous communication was diagnosed at endoscopy and subsequently verified by upper gastrointestinal tract barium studies. Gastro-colic fistula is a rare complication of benign peptic ulcer disease. Whilst salcylates and cortico-steroids have been implicated as aetiological agents, abuse of compound analgesics has not previously been reported. Since the first description of gastro-colic fistula in 1755, thirty documented cases associated with benign gastric ulcer have been reported. Most often, gastro-colic fistula occurs secondary to gastric or colonic malignancy. barium enema examination is the most accurate diagnostic study. endoscopy has been confined to the visual inspection of the ulcer and establishing the benign nature of these lesions.
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10/15. Subdiaphragmatic bronchogenic cyst with gastric communication.

    Upper gastrointestinal series and computed tomography of the abdomen in an elderly women demonstrated a large multiloculated mass in the left subphrenic space that communicated with the fundus. The resected specimen showed histopathological features of bronchopulmonary foregut malformation.
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