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11/168. gastric outlet obstruction by gallstone: Bouveret syndrome.

    Gallstone has rarely been described as a cause of gastrointestinal obstruction. However, the relative incidence of gallstone ileus increases significantly with age. The gastric outlet is very seldom the location of obstruction by a gallstone. The diagnosis of this condition is not difficult. Nevertheless, if treatment is delayed, high morbidity and mortality rates result. Comprehensive treatment aims to relieve the obstruction, to close the biliodigestive fistula and to prevent further gallbladder complications. The surgeon who deals with this type of illness should tailor the treatment plan according to the age, general condition, and intraoperative findings of the individual patient. This paper presents a case report of an 88-year-old woman with gastric outlet obstruction caused by a gallstone.
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ranking = 1
keywords = obstruction
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12/168. Pyloric atresia: an attempt at anatomic pyloric sphincter reconstruction.

    BACKGROUND: The standard method of surgical correction of pyloric atresia is gastro-duodenostomy. The authors report a case of pyloric atresia associated with junctional epidermolysis bullosa, treated with a new technique of pyloric sphincter reconstruction by gastric and duodenal mucosa cul-de-sacs advancement and end-to-end anastomosis. methods: The patient was a premature 2,100-g baby girl. X-ray showed gastric dilatation suggesting a congenital gastric obstruction. At surgery a pyloric atresia was found, with the appearance of a well-vascularized solid cord about 1.5 cm long. By longitudinal pyloromyotomy the cul-de-sacs of gastric and duodenal mucosa were reached and then isolated in the respective gastric and duodenal sides to obtain better mobilization. The mucosal cul-de-sacs, thus mobilized, were advanced easily into the pyloric canal, opened longitudinally, and were sutured together using end-to-end anastomosis. The longitudinal pyloromyotomy then was closed diagonally above the reconstructed pyloric neocanal. RESULTS: The postoperative course was uneventful: oral feeding was started on the 11th postoperative day. At 4 year follow-up the child was well; no gastrointestinal disorders were present, confirmed by x-ray barium meal and by HIDA technetium Tc 99m hepatic scintiscan, which excluded any bilious duodeno-gastric reflux. CONCLUSION: This technique of pyloric sphincter reconstruction allows preservation of the pyloric sphincter, whose sphincter muscular layer, although hypoplastic, is present in cases of pyloric atresia.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = obstruction
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13/168. gastric outlet obstruction and pulmonary infiltrate in a patient with Crohn's disease: successful treatment by Billroth-II-resection.

    We present a 28-year-old women with a 3 yr history of duodenal ulcers. Following four treatment attempts to eradicate helicobacter pylori she was admitted because of gastric outlet obstruction and a weight loss of 20 kg within the last two years. endoscopy and x-ray showed a circular inflammatory stenosis of the proximal duodenum extending over 8 cm. Additionally, chest x-ray showed a circumscript infiltrate in the third segment of the right lung. Mycobacterial infection could be excluded. Ileocolonoscopy and small intestinal follow-through beyond the duodenum were unremarkable, and Zollinger-Ellison-syndrome was ruled out. Bronchopulmonary histology showed intramucosal epithelioid-cell granulomas and bronchiolitis obliterans. Because the patient did not improve under conservative therapy a Billroth-II-resection was carried out. Histologically the resected specimen showed Crohn-like lesions. Postoperatively, severe peripheral arthritis was treated by steroids over 6 weeks. At follow-up the patient regained 20 kg and was free of symptoms without any medication. The pulmonary infiltrate had subsided almost completely. In summary, this extremely rare coincidence of isolated stenosing duodenal Crohn's disease and pulmonary involvement was successfully treated by Billroth-II-resection. This course of disease is compatible with the hypothesis that Crohn's disease may be maintained by antigens derived from ingested food.
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ranking = 0.625
keywords = obstruction
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14/168. Bouveret's syndrome: CT findings.

    intestinal obstruction secondary to gallstones is seen in the older population and the level of obstruction is usually at the level of the terminal ileum. Obstruction at the level of the gastric outlet is called Bouveret's syndrome. A case with perforated cholecystitis and duodenal obstruction due to a gallstone is presented. The CT findings are presented along with the clinical findings and literature review.
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ranking = 0.375
keywords = obstruction
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15/168. Palliation of malignant gastric outlet obstruction after oesophagectomy by percutaneous transthoracic placement of an expanding metal stent.

    Self-expanding stents can be used in the palliative management of strictures in the oesophagus, gastric outlet, bile duct and lower gastrointentinal tract [1-4]. Successful stent deployment depends on satisfactory positioning of the assembly device across the stricture. Previous reconstructive surgery may prevent precise endoscopic stent placement. This case report describes percutaneous transthoracic stenting of gastric outlet obstruction due to malignant external compression three years after oesophagectomy. Lyburn, I. (2001). Clinical Radiology56, 82-83.
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ranking = 0.625
keywords = obstruction
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16/168. Spontaneous neonatal gall bladder perforation.

    A full term neonate was operated for diaphragmatic eventration through the chest. Postoperatively the baby developed gastric outlet obstruction. ultrasonography and barium meal examination were suggestive of extrinsic compression in the region of the pylorus. At laparotomy a gall bladder perforation was found producing a biloma just abve the pylorus. drainage of the bilioma and temporary cholecystostomy cured the gastric outlet obstruction.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = obstruction
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17/168. gastric outlet obstruction caused by a giant gastroduodenal artery aneurysm: a case report.

    Gastric outlet (GO) obstruction in an adult is usually caused by intrinsic gastric or duodenal lesions or pancreatic tumours. This study describes a case of a 77-year-old man who developed GO obstruction due to extrinsic compression from a large gastroduodenal artery aneurysm under rupture. This cause of GO obstruction has never previously been reported in the literature.
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ranking = 0.875
keywords = obstruction
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18/168. helicobacter pylori-related gastric outlet obstruction: is there a role for medical treatment?

    The role of helicobacter pylori in the pathogenesis of duodenal and gastric ulcer and ulcer recurrence is widely known. Bleeding, perforation, and gastric outlet obstruction represent the most serious, potentially life-threatening complications of ulcer disease. At present, the effect of H. pylori eradication on complicated ulcer disease has not been fully established. case reports exist on the resolution of gastric outlet obstruction after eradication of H. pylori. We report the first case of H. pylori-related gastric outlet obstruction successfully treated with parenteral antibiotics.
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ranking = 0.875
keywords = obstruction
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19/168. Black esophagus: a view in the dark.

    A 73-year-old man had a low anterior resection for a villous adenoma in the rectosigmoid. On the 4th day after surgery, he suddenly developed severe interscapular pain. Aortic dissection was ruled out, but endoscopy showed black mucosa of the entire esophagus. With conservative treatment, including proton pump inhibition, he recovered completely. We hypothesize that a transient gastric outlet obstruction and massive gastroesophageal reflux played a significant role in the etiology of this rare and alarming, but, in this case, completely reversible, syndrome.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = obstruction
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20/168. Spontaneous biliary perforation presenting as gastric outlet obstruction.

    Spontaneous biliary perforation (SBP) is a rare, surgically correctable cause of jaundice in neonates. The presenting feature is usually biliary ascites, and in rare cases, biliary peritonitis. This article reports a case of SBP, which presented with features of gastric outlet obstruction, leading to an erroneous preoperative diagnosis. Most probably this is the first report of such an unusual presentation of SBP. The child underwent exploratory laparotomy and a bilio-enteric bypass with drainage of the right subhepatic space, which led to a prompt resolution of the symptoms.
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ranking = 0.625
keywords = obstruction
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