Cases reported "Gastritis"

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1/26. Gastroesophageal involvement in herpes simplex.

    herpes simplex in the gastric mucosa has not been previously described. The case presented here describes gastritis and esophagitis resulting from herpes simplex in a patient being treated with immunosuppressive agents. These changes were confirmed endoscopically and radiographically. biopsy specimens of the gastric and esophageal mucosa showed eosinophilic intranuclear inclusion bodies typical of herpes simplex. The pathogenesis and pathological appearance of herpetic gastritis and esophagitis are presented.
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ranking = 1
keywords = esophagitis
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2/26. The possible role of helicobacter pylori in GERD.

    A variety of abnormalities contribute to the development of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) including transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation, low esophageal sphincter pressure, presence of a hiatal hernia, diminished esophageal clearance of refluxed gastric contents, and alterations in esophageal mucosal resistance. helicobacter pylori infection clearly plays a role in the pathogenesis of peptic ulcer disease and mucosa associated lymphoma of the stomach and is a definite risk factor for distal gastric cancer. The role of H. pylori infection in GERD remains controversial and incompletely understood. Although H. pylori infection does not cause reflux disease, circumstantial evidence suggests that it may protect against the development of GERD and its complications in some patients. The most likely mechanism whereby H. pylori infection protects against GERD is by decreasing the potency of the gastric refluxate in patients with corpus predominant gastritis. A variety of implications of H. pylori infection on GERD treatment have also arisen in recent years. These focus on the risk of gastric atrophy while on proton pump inhibitor therapy and the efficacy of proton pump inhibitors before and after eradication of H. pylori. This article puts into perspective our current understanding of the complex, incompletely understood relationship between H. pylori infection and GERD.
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ranking = 0.0098332220497865
keywords = reflux
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3/26. adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction: could the characteristics of adjacent intestinal metaplasia help in the understanding of biopathogenesis?

    We report a case of early adenocarcinoma arising in foci of intestinal metaplasia (IM) at a normal-appearing gastroesophageal junction (GEJ). The tumor infiltrated the submucosa without nodal involvement (T1N0). Non-neoplastic mucosa adjacent to neoplasia had foci of incomplete IM with a band-like CK20 positivity of the surface epithelium and a diffuse CK7 staining of both superficial and deep glands. There were histological features of reflux esophagitis as well as chronic non-atrophic, helicobacter pylori-related pangastritis, without IM, at the extensively assessed gastric mucosa. In this case, the CK7/20 pattern of IM adjacent to neoplasia, the demonstration of reflux esophagitis, and the absence of IM in the stomach favor the theory that the pathogenesis of IM and associated adenocarcinoma of the GEJ is related to gastroesophageal reflux rather than H. pylori infection.
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ranking = 1.0073749165373
keywords = esophagitis, reflux
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4/26. gastroesophageal reflux disease and helicobacter pylori infection.

    The prevalence of helicobacter pylori infection has been decreasing while the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease and esophageal adenocarcinoma has been increasing in developed countries since the 1930s. This has raised concerns that H. pylori infection may protect against esophageal disease and that the disappearance of H. pylori from the population might lead to a further increase in gastroesophageal reflux disease. Some studies have suggested that eradication of H. pylori in patients with duodenal ulcer disease results in an increase in the incidence of erosive esophagitis, whereas other studies have shown no such increase. Studies on gastric acid secretion have demonstrated that proton pump inhibitors are more effective in controlling gastric pH in individuals who are infected with H. pylori. Studies on the impact of therapy in patients with erosive esophagitis have been conflicting. This article reviews each of the issues in the debate separately and concludes that there is little evidence to suggest a major effect of H. pylori eradication on the outcome of gastroesophageal reflux disease.
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ranking = 1.0172081385871
keywords = esophagitis, reflux
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5/26. Complications of medical management of dental erosion.

    This article reports the case of a patient presenting with dental erosion as a result of asymptomatic gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD). The management of this patient is discussed, in particular the use of proton pump inhibitors. The advantages and disadvantages of the use of medication are discussed, especially in the light of the symptoms of GORD, which developed after taking omeprazole.
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ranking = 0.0024583055124466
keywords = reflux
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6/26. A 69-year-old woman with persistent iron deficiency anemia.

    In women, iron deficiency anemia-a result of chronic iron loss-is most common during the reproductive years because of physiologic demands such as menstrual blood losses and pregnancy. In other cases, iron deficiency anemia is generally attributed to occult gastrointestinal bleeding. Common causes of chronic gastrointestinal blood loss include erosive esophagitis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, vascular ectasias, colon adenomas, and cancers. Bleeding from the small intestine at sites beyond the duodenal bulb is uncommon. The lesions of the small intestine are responsible for approximately 4% of gastrointestinal bleeding [7]. In this report we describe a case of persistent iron deficiency anemia due to carcinoid tumor of the small intestine.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = esophagitis
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7/26. Russell body gastritis: an unusual, tumor-like lesion of the gastric mucosa.

    The case of an 80-year-old woman who presented with epigastric symptoms is reported. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy displayed candida esophagitis and a localized swelling of the fundic mucosa. Histologic examination of the gastric biopsy showed a distinctive accumulation of numerous uniform plasma cells filled with so-called Russell bodies. On low-power view, the lesion resembled a neoplastic process due to the marked expansion of the lamina propria with distension of fundic glands. However, immunohistochemistry confirmed a polyclonal pattern of the plasma cells. This unusual reactive lesion of the gastric mucosa has only rarely been described and has been termed Russell body gastritis.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = esophagitis
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8/26. Gastric motor dysfunction: is eosinophilic mural gastritis a causative factor?

    Delayed gastric emptying caused either by gastric motor dysfunction or by gastroparesis is a profoundly debilitating disorder. When unresponsive to medical therapy, patients may undergo radical surgery including near-total gastro-oesophageal, with varied symptomatic improvement. We describe two patients who presented with symptoms consistent with gastro-oesophageal reflux, unresponsive to medical management. After fundoplication both developed symptoms of profound gastric motor dysfunction and subsequently proceeded to near-total gastro-oesophageal with symptomatic improvement. Histological examination of both excised gastric specimens revealed eosinophilic mural gastritis. To our knowledge, these are the first cases to demonstrate the association of mural eosinophilia and symptomatic gastric motor dysfunction. We propose that patients with gastric motor dysfunction, refractory to medical management, progress to laparoscopy and mural biopsy before gastrectomy. This would allow histological analysis of the gastric wall, and in the event of a positive finding of mural eosinophilic gastritis would allow a trial of medical therapy that could include an eosinophilic stabilizer such as the leukotriene d4 receptor antagonist montelukast or intravenous corticosteroid therapy, which may alleviate the symptoms.
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ranking = 0.0024583055124466
keywords = reflux
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9/26. omeprazole-induced hepatitis.

    omeprazole; the first proton pump inhibitor (PPI) showing an effective acid inhibitory ability, provides the satisfactory therapy either in gastro-esophageal reflux symptom relief or in healing of erosive esophagitis. It's also effective in peptic ulcer disease. Up to date, omeprazole efficacy and safety are well established in many trials. omeprazole-related hepatotoxicity is not very well recognized especially in pediatric population. We report a child who developed hepatitis following omeprazole intake. We believe that this is the first case report of omeprazole-induced hepatitis in pediatric population.
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ranking = 0.50245830551245
keywords = esophagitis, reflux
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10/26. Heterotopic pancreas in the stomach which caused obstructive stenosis in the duodenum.

    The patient, a 43-year-old Japanese man suffering from duodenal ulcer and reflux esophagitis, was admitted to our hospital because of submucosal tumor in the antrum and obstructive stenosis of duodenum. Several imaging tests could not rule out the possibility of malignant disease. Therefore, the patient was surgically treated. Pathohistological examination of resected tissue demonstrated Heinrich type I heterotopic pancreas in the gastric lesion and submucosal abscess in the duodenal lesion with stenosis. In this case, it was considered that the heterotopic pancreas caused chronic inflammation to form the gastric tumor, and submucosal abscess leading to the severe duodenal stenosis.
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ranking = 0.50245830551245
keywords = esophagitis, reflux
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