Cases reported "Gastroesophageal Reflux"

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1/105. Gastrojejunal interposition for esophageal replacement.

    The main considerations in replacing the esophagus are to avoid postoperative necrosis of all or part of the graft, leakage or stenosis of the anastomoses, and complications related to acid-peptic or alkaline reflux. A 5-year-old boy, after two unsuccessful thoracic operations for atresia and then stenosis of the esophagus, underwent resection of the esophagus because of duodeno-gastroesophageal reflux. The continuity of the alimentary tract was restored by gastrojejunal interposition. We recommend this method of reconstruction when the esophago-gastrostoma is created in the chest, and the possibility of alkaline reflux must be considered.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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2/105. Laparoscopic removal of an Angelchik prosthesis.

    The use of Angelchik prosthetic rings for the surgical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease has been associated with frequent complications, including dysphagia and migration, erosion, or disruption of the ring. Although reports of the laparoscopic insertion of Angelchik rings have been published, there have been no descriptions of the laparoscopic removal of rings inserted at open laparotomy. Our group recently removed an Angelchik ring laparoscopically in an 80-year-old woman with progressive, refractory dysphagia and esophageal narrowing due to an Angelchik ring originally placed in 1981 via an upper midline incision at open operation. Upper endoscopy and dilatation had failed to provide symptom relief. An extensive adhesiolysis was performed laparoscopically, and the Angelchik ring was dissected free from the proximal stomach, diaphragm, and liver. The fibrous pseudocapsule enclosing the ring was divided, and the prosthesis was removed from around the esophagus and abdominal cavity. Intraoperative upper endoscopy confirmed resolution of the esophageal stricture. There were no intraoperative complications, and the patient was discharged home on the 3rd postoperative day tolerating a regular diet. Postoperatively, she experienced resolution of her dysphagia and complained only of mild reflux symptoms, which were easily controlled with famotidine and antireflux precautions. This case suggests that laparoscopic removal of Angelchik prosthetic rings is feasible for surgeons familiar with advanced laparoscopic procedures of the esophageal hiatus and should be considered for symptomatic patients, even if the ring was inserted via an open operation.
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ranking = 4
keywords = operative
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3/105. Peptic esophageal stricture in children.

    INTRODUCTION: Peptic esophageal stricture as a complication of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs in 5% of the affected children. MATERIAL AND methods: Case histories of 6 children treated successfully in the Department of pediatrics and Clinic of Pediatric Surgery were studied. The diagnosis in each case was based on clinical symptoms (vomiting leading to hypothrophy, hematemesis, and anemia), and esophagoscopy, esophageal pH-metry (according to ESPGAN recommendations), and contrast X-ray examination. After evaluation medical treatment was applied in 3 and bougienage with a hard bougie in 6 patients. Because of failure of this treatment Nissen fundoplication and postoperative bougienage were performed in all patients. RESULTS: In all surgically treated patients complete recovery without postoperative complications was achieved. DISCUSSION: The authors give interpretation of the pathogenesis and outline the primary symptoms of the disease. Terms of performance and reliability of the instrumental methods of diagnosing are discussed. The experience in treatment of peptic esophageal stricture in children is presented. CONCLUSIONS: Medical treatment combined with bougienage yields poor results in peptic esophageal stricture and Nissen fundoplication appears to be the treatment of choice.
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ranking = 2
keywords = operative
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4/105. Management of postfundoplication complications.

    The role of surgical therapy in the management of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) continues to evolve in the laparoscopic era. As the number of surgical procedures increases, so does the number of patients with postfundoplication complications. The most effective strategy is to prevent the complication in the first place. patients who are most likely to have trouble after surgery are those with refractory, atypical, or complicated disease. Gastroenterologists should take care to make an accurate diagnosis, heal the esophagitis, and dilate any strictures before sending a patient to surgery. The surgeon should be a skilled laparoscopist. In patients with complicated GERD, the surgeon must be able to recognize severe disease and perform advanced procedures. Postoperatively, symptoms are usually the same (suggesting a failure of the operation or incorrect original diagnosis) or different (suggesting a complication) than before surgery. Most patients should have a barium swallow and an endoscopy to evaluate the integrity of the wrap. If intact, postoperative heartburn and dysphagia will usually resolve with conservative therapy. If the fundoplication is poorly oriented, too long, too tight, twisted, or herniated above the diaphragm, surgical revision is often necessary.
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ranking = 2
keywords = operative
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5/105. Transient left vocal cord paralysis during laparoscopic surgery for an oesophageal hiatus hernia.

    A 45-year-old male, with symptoms of many years standing of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, was subjected, under general anaesthesia, to laparoscopic fundoplication. Tracheal intubation yielded no problems but great difficulties were encountered during tube insertion into the oesophagus. After surgery, aphonia developed. Laryngological examination demonstrated paralysis of the left vocal cord. voice strength returned to the pre-operative status after 3 months, and laryngological examination confirmed normal mobility of both cords. The possible cause of the complication was damage to the left recurrent laryngeal nerve which occurred during insertion of the tube into the oesophagus. Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease causing 'acid laryngitis' can create conditions favouring this type of complication.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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6/105. Esophageal aperistalsis following fundoplication in a patient with trisomy 21.

    Gastrointestinal abnormalities are frequent in patients with down syndrome (DS), gastroesophageal reflux (GER) being prominent among them. A 10-year-old boy with DS presented with progressive daily vomiting and an upper gastrointestinal study documenting reflux. A laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication was performed uneventfully. Postoperative inability to take solids was noted and a contrast study showed a tight gastroesophageal junction and poor peristalsis. Persistent symptoms were not alleviated by esophageal dilatation, despite a relaxing lower esophageal sphincter. Esophageal manometry documented complete esophageal aperistalsis. A percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy was placed and the patient required long-term tube feeds. Esophageal aperistalsis is a rare condition in DS, likely superimposed on GER. fundoplication may adversely affect the already abnormal esophageal motility in these children. Esophageal manometry preoperatively will identify motility disorders and assist in selecting the best management for these patients.
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ranking = 2
keywords = operative
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7/105. Acute postoperative dermatosis at the site of the electrocautery pad: sweet diagnosis of a burning issue.

    Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis or Sweet's syndrome is a well-described acute condition with possible paraneoplastic and inflammatory associations. A case of a 49-year-old man with a prior history of Hodgkin's disease is described, who underwent a laparotomy for operative treatment of a small intestinal stricture and therapy-refractory gastroesophageal reflux. Incidentally, mild mesenteric lymphadenopathy was encountered, and a biopsy confirmed the presence of a new, unrelated low-grade follicular lymphoma. Two weeks postoperatively, the patient developed a tender erythematous plaque at the site of the Bovie electrocautery pad on the proximal thigh. Over the following week, the affected area extended in size, and became markedly edematous and infiltrated, with hemorrhagic surface studding. Multiple small plaques, some with annular arrays of pustules, were found on the opposite lower extremity, the lower back, and the arms. A skin biopsy suggested the presence of Sweet's syndrome, and corticosteroid treatment was initiated. All cutaneous manifestations disappeared within 48 h except for the presence of postinflammatory erythema. Acute neutrophilic dermatoses have not been previously described in this postoperative presentation. The differential diagnostic importance of this emergent entity and the potential for it being caused by surgical trauma are discussed.
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ranking = 7
keywords = operative
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8/105. Superior mesenteric and portal vein thrombosis following laparoscopic nissen fundoplication.

    This case report describes superior mesenteric and portal vein thrombosis after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. As a thromboembolic prophylaxis, 2,500 IU of dalteparin was given preoperatively. After postoperative day 19, the patient experienced gradually increasing abdominal pain, mostly related to meals. physical examination and laboratory tests were normal. CT scan revealed a portal and superior mesenteric vein thrombosis. dalteparin and warfarin treatment was started, and symptoms relieved rapidly. In a control Doppler ultrasound 1 month after the onset of the treatment, a good flow in the portal and superior mesenteric vein was seen. Possible mechanisms are discussed.
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ranking = 2
keywords = operative
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9/105. Revision laparoscopy for incarcerated hernia at a 5-mm trocar site following pediatric laparoscopic surgery.

    We report the case of a 6-month-old female infant who developed post-operative bowel obstruction due to an incarcerated hernia through a 5-mm laparoscopic wound. The patient underwent laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux. On day 6, she showed symptoms of ileus, and the diagnosis of a trocar wound hernia was made on day 13. The herniated intestine was reduced and the defective peritoneum and fascia were closed under relaparoscopic guidance, thus avoiding full-scale laparotomy. A trocar wound hernia causing early postoperative bowel obstruction is a rare complication, especially at 5-mm trocar puncture sites. Intraoperative dislodgment and reinsertion of working trocars may create fascial defects larger than the actual size of the trocar. All laparoscopic puncture wounds, even those <10 mm in size, should be closed at the fascial level in infants. Revision laparoscopy is considered preferable to manage trocar site complications in children.
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ranking = 3
keywords = operative
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10/105. liver hematoma after laparoscopic nissen fundoplication: a case report and review of retraction injuries.

    Laparoscopic fundoplication is a safe and effective alternative to long-term medical therapy in select patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. Among the technical challenges of laparoscopic fundoplication, retraction of the left lobe of liver can cause significant morbidity. intraoperative complications from retraction injuries have been reported in the literature, but postoperative complications arising from liver retraction have not been published. The authors present a case of a symptomatic liver hematoma requiring hospital readmission for diagnosis and pain control and a review of retraction injuries.
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ranking = 2
keywords = operative
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