Cases reported "Gastrointestinal Diseases"

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1/5. Myelopathy due to copper deficiency following gastrointestinal surgery.

    BACKGROUND: Ataxic myelopathy due to copper deficiency has been described in ruminant animals and is called swayback. Neurological manifestations due to inherited copper deficiency secondary to the failure of intestinal copper absorption is well recognized as Menkes disease. The neurological consequences of acquired copper deficiency in humans are not well described. OBJECTIVE: To report 2 cases where patients developed a myelopathy with copper deficiency after gastrointestinal surgery.patients Two patients developed a myelopathy many years after gastrointestinal surgery. Both had severe copper deficiency, which was the likely cause of the myelopathy. CONCLUSIONS: Acquired copper deficiency may present as a myelopathy. Gastrointestinal surgery and resulting decreased copper absorption may be causative.
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keywords = animal
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2/5. Clostridium fallax associated with sudden death in a 16-year-old boy.

    Clostridial myonecrosis or gas gangrene occurs most frequently in contaminated wounds following trauma or surgery. It is caused by a wide variety of Clostridium species, the most common being clostridium perfringens. Spontaneous, non-traumatic clostridial myonecrosis is uncommon and is usually associated with gastrointestinal and haematological malignancy, diabetes mellitus and peripheral vascular disease. The case of a previously healthy 16-year-old boy with acute onset of gastrointestinal symptoms, who died of bacterial sepsis without apparent preceding trauma, is presented here. Clostridium fallax was identified as the most probable causative agent. As far as is known, this is the first report of fatal sepsis in humans due to C. fallax, which has been described only rarely as a cause of gas oedema in animals.
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keywords = animal
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3/5. Acupuncture for gastrointestinal disorders.

    Acupuncture is best known for its application to various musculoskeletal pain-producing diseases. Acupuncture is, however, used for a large variety of internal medical diseases in humans and other animals. This chapter reviews some of the published literature on the use of acupuncture in gastrointestinal (GI) diseases, describes acupuncture points useful for a variety of GI diseases, briefly reviews how traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treats GI disease, and gives some case examples of how acupuncture can be used in GI diseases.
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keywords = animal
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4/5. Three rare cases of anthrax arising from the same source.

    anthrax is an acute bacterial infection caused by bacillus anthracis. humans become infected under natural conditions by contact with infected animals or contaminated animal products. About 95% of human anthrax is cutaneous and 5% respiratory. Gastrointestinal anthrax is very rare, and has been reported in less than 1% of all cases. anthrax meningitis is a rare complication of any of the other three forms of disease. We report three rare cases of anthrax (gastrointestinal, oropharyngeal and meningitis) arising from the same source. The three patients were from a single family and were admitted with different clinical pictures after the ingestion of half-cooked meat from a sick sheep. These cases emphasize the need for awareness of anthrax in the differential diagnosis in areas where the disease remains endemic.
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keywords = animal
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5/5. Bronchial and gastrointestinal cryptosporidiosis in AIDS.

    cryptosporidiosis is a coccidial protozoan initially reported in domestic animals. It is primarily a gastrointestinal organism that does not invade mucosa. It was first described in 1976 in developing countries as an etiology of infantile diarrhea with inanition and malnutrition. Gastrointestinal involvement in patients with AIDS has been increasingly reported. We report a case of combined gastrointestinal and bronchial cryptosporidiosis. cryptosporidium is an acid-fast organism which was successfully treated with erythromycin.
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keywords = animal
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