Cases reported "Gaucher Disease"

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11/143. Massive hepatic fibrosis in Gaucher's disease: clinico-pathological and radiological features.

    hepatomegaly is frequent in patients with type 1 Gaucher's disease and is associated with infiltration of the liver with pathological macrophages. Most patients suffer no significant clinical consequences, but a few develop portal hypertension which may progress to parenchymal liver failure. We describe four patients with Gaucher's disease who have developed portal hypertension. We have reviewed their clinical histories and all available histological and radiological material. All had severe Gaucher's disease with multi-organ involvement, and had undergone splenectomy in childhood. Histologically, this advanced liver disease was characterized by a picture of extreme and advanced confluent fibrosis occupying the central region of the liver. This massive fibrosis is associated with characteristic radiological appearances. The liver histology in these cases is highly unusual and virtually unknown in other conditions. Our studies indicate that without specific treatment the liver disease is progressive and rapidly fatal. However, institution of enzyme replacement therapy with imiglucerase may have beneficial effects even when the condition is far advanced.
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12/143. Extraordinary bone involvement in a gaucher disease type I patient.

    We report on a 63-year-old patient with gaucher disease type I who developed severe bone involvement with destructive lesions and huge soft tissue extension in both humeri that appeared to evolve slowly. The clinical course and histopathological findings in our patient suggested a progressive extraosseous extension of the storage cells into the soft tissue, accompanied by a striking increase of fibrotic tissue and resulting in an impressive deformity. The extraordinary bone involvement in this patient expands our knowledge on the most severe skeletal complications of untreated gaucher disease.
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keywords = bone
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13/143. Surgical management of spinal involvement in children and adolescents with Gaucher's disease.

    Gaucher's disease is an uncommon hereditary glycolipid storage disorder characterized by the accumulation of glucocerebroside in the lysosomes of macrophages of the reticuloendothelial system. Skeletal manifestations are variable in severity and typically involve the long bones. Vertebral involvement is less well characterized, particularly in children and adolescents. We report on the surgical management of spinal involvement in four children and adolescents with Gaucher's disease; two for kyphotic deformity and two for kyphotic deformity associated with neurologic compromise. We recommend anterior spinal release with fusion and posterior spinal fusion with segmental instrumentation in cases of kyphotic deformity. In cases of spinal cord compromise at the apex of the kyphotic deformity with retropulsion of involved bone, anterior decompression also should be performed. Routine surveillance for spinal deformity in patients with Gaucher's disease is necessary to allow early intervention before the development of severe deformity and neurologic compromise.
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ranking = 1.0201769692384
keywords = macrophage, bone
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14/143. Longterm follow-up of electroencephalographic and clinical findings of a case with Gaucher's disease type 3a.

    Among three recognised clinical phenotypes, type 3a Gaucher's disease is characterised by mild to severe systemic disease, neurological manifestations and myoclonic seizures. We report the long term clinical and electrophysiological follow-up of a 27-year old man with a diagnosis of type 3a Gaucher's disease, which was confirmed by bone marrow biopsy examination and leukocyte glucocerebrosidase level measurement. His neurological examination was normal throughout the follow-up period. EEG examination, recorded five days after the first seizure, revealed generalised nonrhythmic paroxysmal rapid spikes with occipital predominance increased by photic stimulation and normal background activity. The frequency of seizures increased from 3-4/year to 1-2/month within a follow-up period of 12 years and a repeat EEG examination on the eight year of diagnosis revealed additional background slowing. A giant potential was obtained in somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) examination. EEG findings of this case demonstrate a specific pattern with rapid spike activity, photosensitivity, eye closure sensitivity and gradual background slowing.
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ranking = 0.010088484619216
keywords = bone
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15/143. Extraosseous manifestation of Gaucher's disease type I: MR and histological appearance.

    Gaucher's disease type I is the most prevalent lysosomal storage disorder caused by an autosomal-recessive inherited deficiency of glucocerebrosidase activity with secondary accumulation of glucocerebrosides within the lysosomes of macrophages. The storage disorder produces a multisystem disease characterized by progressive visceral enlargement and gradual replacement of bone marrow with lipid-laden macrophages. Skeletal disease is a major source of disability in Gaucher's disease. Extraosseous extension of Gaucher cells is an extremely rare manifestation of skeletal Gaucher's disease. This is a report on the MRI and histopathological findings of an extraosseous Gaucher-cell extension into the midface in a patient with Gaucher's disease.
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ranking = 2.0100884846192
keywords = macrophage, bone
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16/143. Coincidence of Gaucher's disease due to a 1226G/1448C mutation and of an immunoglobulin g lambda multiple myeloma with Bence-Jones proteinuria.

    We report about a 58-year-old female with coexisting type-I Gaucher's disease (GD) and multiple myeloma (MM). The diagnosis of GD was made in early childhood by means of bone marrow biopsy and was recently confirmed by analysis of the patient's genomic dna for the underlying glucocerebrosidase mutations and the identification of the 1226G/1448C genotype. At the age of 24 years, the patient developed massive splenomegaly. Therefore, a splenectomy was performed. No further therapy was necessary for the next 34 years until 1999 when progressive anemia and thrombocytopenia occurred. Additional laboratory analysis revealed high serum protein and immunoglobulin (Ig) G levels and evidence of monoclonal gammopathy and lambda light-chain proteinuria, indicating plasma cell dyscrasia. This diagnosis was confirmed by the detection of osteolytic lesions in skeletal x-rays and a bone marrow biopsy showing an extensive infiltration with Gaucher cells and an increase of plasma cells, which expressed lambda light chains. When examined by means of electron microscopy, typical Gaucher cells, i.e., histiocytes containing tubular-structured cytoplasmatic material and spots of plasma cells with an increase of the endoplasmic reticulum, were found. GD associated with acquired MM has been described 13 times in the literature from 1968 to 1997. Only three of the patients were suffering from IgG myeloma. This distribution of the monoclonal component is in contrast to that of patients suffering from MM alone.
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ranking = 0.020176969238431
keywords = bone
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17/143. adult gaucher disease in association with primary malignant bone tumors.

    BACKGROUND: Malignant neoplastic disorders are more common in patients with gaucher disease (GD) than in the general population. Very few cases of primary malignant bone tumors in association with GD have been reported to date. Thus, the recommendations for an adequate therapy are often based on limited professional experience. To their knowledge, the authors report the first case of a leiomyosarcoma of the bone in a patient with GD and report another patient with GD and an anaplastic large cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma with localized osseous manifestation. A review of the literature is included. methods: The clinical, radiologic, and histologic data of the authors' two patients who had GD and primary malignant bone tumor are presented. Epidemiologic data, clinical data, and treatment results from published reports of 18 patients who had GD and various malignancies and the authors' 2 patients were compared and evaluated. RESULTS: Radiographic examination showed a destructive osteolytic lesion in a case of a leiomyosarcoma of the bone and in a case of anaplastic, large-cell, non-Hodgkin lymphoma. In both cases, the bone marrow architecture was partially effaced by sheets of large histiocytic cells with striated or fibrillary cytoplasm. In both patients, chemotherapy was performed. Whereas the patient who had the leiomyosarcoma showed poor recovery of the bone marrow that necessitated withdrawal of aggressive chemotherapy, the patient who had non-Hodgkin lymphoma and enzyme therapy tolerated the chemotherapy well. In spite of local control after preoperative radiotherapy and hemipelvectomy, the first patient developed lung metastases and finally died. The second patient was continuously free of disease at a follow-up examination 32 months after chemotherapy and radiotherapy. In a total of 20 patients who had malignant disorders and GD, the numbers of males and females were equivalent, and the mean age was 55 years. Approximately 33% presented with a cancer originating in the bone. In 16 patients, follow-up data were available. Of these, after a mean follow-up of 36 months (range, few days-108 mos), only 2 patients were continuously free of disease, and one patient was alive with disease. The other patients had died of disease or hemorrhagic complications of GD. CONCLUSIONS: Because there is a relatively high incidence of malignant disorders of the bone, the study suggested that malignant disorders have to be included in the differential diagnosis of painful lytic lesions in patients who have GD. Evaluation of the expense and value of enzyme therapy to patients who have GD should be undertaken with regard to the incidence of malignant disorders and patient survival.
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ranking = 0.12106181543059
keywords = bone
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18/143. High-grade lymphoma mimicking bone crisis in Gaucher's disease.

    A 33-year-old woman with type 1 Gaucher's disease developed painful swelling of her right tibia. Initial diagnostics suggested a typical bone crisis. However, clinical course and subsequent imaging pointed to malignant disease, which was specified as high-grade lymphoma. Chemotherapy was applied together with enzyme replacement and resulted in complete remission of the lymphoma. We conclude that osseous lesions, although suggestive of common manifestations of Gaucher's disease, should be discriminated very carefully from neoplastic infiltration to maintain curative treatment options.
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ranking = 0.050442423096078
keywords = bone
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19/143. Bone, bone marrow, and MIBI scintigraphic findings in Gaucher's disease "bone crisis".

    PURPOSE: The authors report the utility of Tc-99m MIBI imaging in Gaucher's disease, which results in the accumulation of glucocerebroside in macrophages. Inflated macrophages, or Gaucher's cells, involve the reticuloendothelial organs. MATERIALS AND methods: A 38-year-old man with type I Gaucher's disease, splenectomy, and early bone involvement was examined for a low back "bone crisis." He had a history of total left hip replacement. Results of pelvic radiographs were normal. magnetic resonance imaging showed complete infiltration of the bone marrow in the lumbar spine and the sacrum. The left iliac bone, the sacrum, and the adjacent part of L5 showed heterogeneously decreased uptake on bone scintigraphs. Hematopoietic bone marrow was absent in these regions and in the left femur. No infection of the prosthesis was revealed with labeled granulocytes. RESULTS: Avascular necrosis in the left iliac bone was diagnosed, which is a very unusual location. There was no uptake of MIBI in the iliac bones or the femurs. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that MIBI may not be a good tool for the evaluation of medullary infiltration by Gaucher's cells.
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ranking = 2.1614157539074
keywords = macrophage, bone
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20/143. Initiation of enzyme replacement therapy for an adult patient with asymptomatic type 1 Gaucher's disease.

    A 27-year-old woman was admitted for further examination of thrombocytopenia. Symptoms were absent, but physical examination demonstrated hepatosplenomegaly without neurological abnormalities. bone marrow examination revealed many Gaucher cells, and glucocerebrosidase activity from cultured skin fibroblasts was markedly reduced. A 1448C (L444P) mutation was detected on one allele of the glucocerebrosidase gene. Because magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the femora indicated severe infiltration of Gaucher cells into bone marrow, enzyme replacement therapy was initiated despite the absence of skeletal symptoms. Hematologic abnormalities, visceral and bone involvement have been improving. In cases of thrombocytopenia or hepatosplenomegaly, Gaucher's disease should be suspected.
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ranking = 0.020176969238431
keywords = bone
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