Cases reported "Gingival Diseases"

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1/168. Intraoral botryomycosis masquerading as a pyogenic granuloma.

    Bacterial pseudomycosis also known as Botryomycosis is a rare, indolent infection that has been described in patients with immunodeficiency and tissue with decreased healing ability. It affects the visceral organs and infection in the head and neck has been described as affecting the tongue and jaw bones. Histologically, the disease is characterized by the presence of 'Bollinger granules', surrounded by neutrophils in a fibrocellular stroma. A case of gingival Botryomycosis is presented which was diagnosed as a routine pyogenic granuloma in a healthy male.
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keywords = gingival
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2/168. Gingival telangiectases: an underappreciated physical sign of juvenile dermatomyositis.

    BACKGROUND: medline searches (1966-June 1969) failed to identify references that give detailed descriptions of the oral manifestations of dermatomyositis (DM). However, several reports predating medline provided more complete descriptions of oral lesions associated with DM. OBSERVATIONS: We describe 5 cases of juvenile DM with oral manifestations, primarily in the form of gingival telangiectases. These findings are compared with those descriptions found in earlier reports. CONCLUSIONS: Oral lesions in juvenile DM have rarely been reported. mucous membrane involvement associated with DM may include telangiectases, edema, erosions, ulcers, and leukoplakia-like areas. In cases of DM, gingival telangiectases likely represent an underappreciated diagnostic finding analogous to nail-fold telangiectases.
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keywords = gingival
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3/168. Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia with gingival lesion. review and case reports.

    A case of hereditary, hemorrhagic telangiectasia is described which has been under observation for more than 8 years. The clinical findings are discussed; light microscopic and electron microscopic findings as well as current research for a causative mechanism and recommended therapy are reviewed. The patient exhibited gingival telangiectatic participation. Another, even more severe case of this disease showed repeated, severe hemorrhage from mucosal lesions in the region of the incisive papilla, severe internal bleeding from the nasal mucosa and the gut and several punctate gingival telangiectases. The occurance of gingival lesions may not be as rare as thought. Such lesions may simply be rather inconspicuous.
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ranking = 7
keywords = gingival
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4/168. Treatment of gingival hyperpigmentation for esthetic purposes by Nd:YAG laser: report of 4 cases.

    Gingival hyperpigmentation may cause esthetic problems and embarrassment, especially in patients with a gummy smile. This report presents the use of the Nd:YAG laser for gingival depigmentation. Four cases, 3 females and 1 male, ages between 24 to 28 years old, presented with the same chief complaint of unesthetic gingiva caused by melanin hyperpigmentation. The Nd:YAG laser was set at 6 watts, 60 millijoules per pulse, and 100 pulses per second. The procedures were performed with contact mode in all pigmented areas by using a handpiece with a 320 microm diameter fiber optic. Ablation of the gingival hyperpigmented areas were accomplished without any bleeding complications or significant postoperative pain. Three to 4 weeks after the procedures, the hyperpigmented gingiva appeared healthy, pink, and firm. No recurrence of hyperpigmentation had been found in 11 to 13 months of follow-up. However, in delicate areas such as the marginal gingiva, the Nd:YAG laser should be used cautiously.
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ranking = 6
keywords = gingival
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5/168. Juvenile colloid milium associated with ligneous conjunctivitis: report of a case and review of the literature.

    Juvenile colloid milium is an extremely rare skin condition with an onset prior to puberty; it can be distinguished histologically from the adult form. We report a case of juvenile colloid milium associated with ligneous conjunctivitis and gingival deposits of an amyloid-like homogenous eosinophilic material. We hypothesize that all three of these are the same pathological process occurring at different sites and review the literature on these associations.
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keywords = gingival
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6/168. focal epithelial hyperplasia: a multifocal oral human papillomavirus infection.

    Widespread, slightly elevated and confluent nodules are observed throughout the oral mucosa in a young Hispanic girl. Repeated irritation of the soft tissues from a compromised occlusion is an aggravating factor for the spread of these lesions. A diagnosis of focal epithelial hyperplasia, a human papillomavirus infection, is made following histopathologic diagnosis and viral typing. Recognition of this specific type of warts is important in order to avoid the mistaken identification of condyloma acuminata, which may have significant repercussions in the life of a young child.
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ranking = 0.001162066088695
keywords = hyperplasia
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7/168. Peripheral giant cell granuloma: a potentially aggressive lesion in children.

    A slowly enlarging gingival mass with a reddish-purple surface is observed in a school-age boy. The lesion was first noted 3 months ago during a routine oral examination but recently it has increased in size and interferes with eating. A periapical radiograph demonstrated focal loss of the alveolar crestal bone in the mandibular incisor region. The diagnosis of peripheral giant cell granuloma, a benign reactive gingival lesion, is confirmed by histopathologic examination. Early detection and excision of this hyperplastic nodule is important to minimize potential dentoalveolar complications.
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ranking = 2
keywords = gingival
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8/168. A case of Burkitt's lymphoma that presented initially with resorption of alveolar bone.

    A 16-year-old male was evaluated for a 1-month history of alveolar bone resorption, which had been treated with endodontics by a neighborhood dentist. Intraoral examination showed slight gingival swelling and teeth mobility. However, no tumor mass was seen. The panoramic image showed resorption of alveolar bone and loss of teeth lamina dura. Because he complained of general fatigue, he was introduced to the internist. Biopsies of gingiva and bone marrow aspiration revealed a massive proliferation of lymphoblasts expressing CD10, 19, 20 and hla-dr antigens on the surface. Their karyotypes were abnormal; 46, XY, t (8;14) (q24;q32). Accordingly, he was diagnosed as Burkitt's lymphoma, and received intensive chemotherapy which relieved his symptoms and decreased his tumor. However, his disease soon became refractory to chemotherapy, and he died 11 weeks after the onset.
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ranking = 1
keywords = gingival
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9/168. paracoccidioidomycosis in an hiv-positive patient: a case report with gingival aspects.

    paracoccidioidomycosis is an important deep mycosis, endemic in some areas of the South American countryside, with great incidence in males bearing rural activities, being unusual in urban developed centres. Cell-mediated immunity is the main host defence against the P. brasiliensis, and hiv-positive patients have been increasingly affected by the disease, although only a few reports are available in the literature. We present a case of paracoccidiodomicosis in an hiv-positive female, with unusual clinical history and histopathological aspects.
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ranking = 4
keywords = gingival
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10/168. Resolution of recalcitrant human papillomavirus gingival infection with topical cidofovir.

    Cidofovir, a purine nucleotide analogue of cytosine, is a promising new drug that acts against a wide number of dna viruses. In 1997, the food and Drug Administration approved intravenous cidofovir for the treatment of cytomegalovirus retinitis in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Recent studies have shown cidofovir (1% gel or cream) to be effective for the treatment of recalcitrant and unmanageable viral cutaneous lesions induced by herpes, pox, and papillomavirus families. We report the case of a 45-year-old man who had been diagnosed as having acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in 1995. Recalcitrant to conventional therapies, the human papillomavirus lesions on his gingival mucosa were successfully treated with cidofovir 1% cream. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case in which topical cidofovir has been used for the treatment of a human papillomavirus infection of the oral mucosa.
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ranking = 5
keywords = gingival
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