Cases reported "gingival hyperplasia"

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1/198. Hypocalcification type amelogenesis imperfecta in permanent dentition in association with heavily worn primary teeth, gingival hyperplasia, hypodontia and impacted teeth.

    A female patient with hypocalcification type amelogenesis imperfecta in permanent dentition in association with heavily worn primary teeth, gingival hyperplasia, hypodontia and impacted teeth is presented. ( info)

2/198. Partial regression of advanced cyclosporin-induced gingival hyperplasia after treatment with azithromycin. A case report.

    gingival hyperplasia is a well recognised complication of cyclosporin A therapy. Although its pathogenesis is still debated in several recent reports a second generation macrolide antibiotic-azithromycin induced partial or even complete regression of hyperplasia. We present a patient after kidney transplantation treated with cyclosporin who developed very advanced gigival overgrowth (stage 3 ). The patient received a 3-day treatment with azithromycin which was repeated after 3 months. The first course of the drug caused a partial regression of gingival hyperplasia during following months but the repeated treatment did not provide a further regression of the changes. ( info)

3/198. Leukocyte adhesion deficiency in a child with severe oral involvement.

    Leukocyte adhesion deficiency is a rare inherited defect of phagocytic function resulting from a lack of leukocyte cell surface expression of beta2 integrin molecules (CD11 and CD18) that are essential for leukocyte adhesion to endothelial cells and chemotaxis. A small number of patients with leukocyte adhesion deficiency-1 have a milder defect, with residual expression of CD18. These patients tend to survive beyond infancy; they manifest progressive severe periodontitis, alveolar bone loss, periodontal pocket formation, and partial or total premature loss of the primary and permanent dentitions. We report on a 13-year-old boy with moderate leukocyte adhesion deficiency-1 and severe prepubertal periodontitis. This case illustrates the need for the dentist to work closely with the pediatrician in the prevention of premature tooth loss and control of oral infection in these patients. ( info)

4/198. wegener granulomatosis simulating bacterial endocarditis.

    Cardiac involvement in wegener granulomatosis is uncommon. We report a case of wegener granulomatosis that presented as culture-negative endocarditis with aortic valvular vegetation. The clinical manifestations included gingival hyperplasia, gangrenous digital infarcts, mononeuritis multiplex, high fever, inflammatory arthritis, pansinusitis, splenic infarct, and aortic valvular vegetation, which underscore the difficulty of distinguishing systemic vasculitis from bacterial endocarditis. Contrary to the common notion that valvular vegetation is invariably associated with bacterial endocarditis, this case proves that such findings can occur in wegener granulomatosis as well. Clinicians are guided toward early treatment with corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide to prevent fatal complications. ( info)

5/198. Destructive membranous periodontal disease (Ligneous periodontitis).

    Generalized membranous gingival enlargement due to accumulation of amyloid or fibrin-like material is a rare, destructive and poorly defined disease entity. Some patients also show extraoral manifestations. The lesion is an involvement of periodontal tissues caused by the same process as ligneous conjunctivitis. In this report, 3 new cases, two of whom are siblings, are presented. Defective fibrinolysis and abnormal wound healing seem to be the main pathogenetic mechanism of this unusual disease, which should be evaluated systemically considering other mucosal involvement. ( info)

6/198. nifedipine-induced gingival hyperplasia: non-surgical management of a patient.

    A clinical report of nifedipine-induced gingivitis in a medically compromised patient is presented. This case history also describes the challenges faced by the oral health practitioner to develop an appropriate regimen of treatment for a patient in whom neither withdrawal of the drug nor substituting for it was feasible, and periodontal surgery was contra-indicated. ( info)

7/198. oral manifestations of Schimmelpenning syndrome: case report and review of literature.

    Schimmelpenning syndrome (SS) is characterised by specific skin manifestations, skeletal defects, and central nervous system abnormalities. Here, the SS is briefly reviewed, and the oral and dental manifestations are described in a patient whose medical findings were previously published and included severe hypophosphatemic rickets. Significant oral and dental features included papillomatous lesions of the gingiva, hemihyperplasia (hemihypertrophy) of the tongue, bone cysts, aplasia of teeth, enlarged pulp chambers, hypoplastic or absent enamel, and an odontodysplasia-like permanent tooth. ( info)

8/198. Unusual peripheral odontogenic tumors in the differential diagnosis of gingival swellings.

    Differential diagnosis of gingival mass lesions includes several conditions and causes. Peripheral odontogenic tumors may mimic gingival swellings and, although rare, must be included in the differential diagnosis. The purpose of this article is to describe 3 different cases of peripheral odontogenic tumors and to discuss the differential diagnosis of gingival swelling. Histologic examination is mandatory when localized gingival swellings are surgically removed. ( info)

9/198. Periodontic/orthodontic management of diphenylhydantoin gingival hyperplasia: case report.

    A case report of the periodontic/orthodontic management of a patient with diphenylhydantoin gingival hyperplasia is presented over a 38-month period. The interdependence between the two specialties is discussed along with the rationale for treatment, based upon empirical and available scientific knowledge. ( info)

10/198. Oral Kaposi's sarcoma in a non-AIDS patient.

    Kaposi's sarcoma involving the oral cavity is seen frequently in AIDS patients but rarely in transplant patients. When the oral cavity is involved in transplant patients, it usually is located on the palate or the oropharynx. This article reports a renal transplant patient who developed Kaposi's sarcoma which mimicked a gingival hyperplasia in the oral cavity. ( info)
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