Cases reported "Gingival Overgrowth"

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1/40. Management of gingival overgrowth associated with generalized enamel defects in a child.

    gingival overgrowth is usually associated with systemic conditions or treatment (e.g. blood dyscrasias, anti-epileptic or immunosuppressive agents). A child is presented, who had enlarged gingiva associated with a generalized enamel defect (amelogenesis imperfecta (AI), hypoplastic type) and document the periodontal and restorative management of this case.
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2/40. Sturge Weber syndrome with intraoral manifestations. A case report.

    A 15 Year old female patient with Sturge Weber Syndrome is presented. This neurocutaneous syndrome consists of angiomatosis of the skin and mucosa as well as the leptomeninges. This case report describes the classic presentation of the syndrome, emphasizing the oral manifestations. The radiographic and CT scan show the typical "tram line" intracranial calcifications. This case report presents a typical case of Sturge Weber Syndrome. It gives the radiological and CT scan findings and the important role played by them in the diagnosis of this syndrome. Emphasis is given to the differentiation of diphenylhydantoin induced gingival hyperplasia from the angiomatous enlargement of the gingiva before any treatment is planned.
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3/40. Reduction in gingival overgrowth associated with conversion from cyclosporin A to tacrolimus.

    BACKGROUND: Unsightly gingival overgrowth affects many individuals immunosuppressed with cyclosporin A (CsA). Current management involves repeated periodontal surgery and intensive hygienist support. tacrolimus is an effective alternative immunosuppressive agent for renal transplantation which does not appear to produce gingival enlargement. AIMS: The purpose of the present study was to monitor the gingival response of 4 renal transplant patients (RTPs), with clinically significant CsA-induced gingival overgrowth, after their immunosuppressive therapy was switched to tacrolimus. methods: Intra-oral photographs and alginate impressions were taken both prior to the drug conversion and again, 6 to 9 months later. gingival overgrowth scores were determined, from plaster models on both these occasions. RESULTS: All of the RTPs experienced significant resolution of their gingival enlargement within the time period studied; however, only one had complete regression. CONCLUSION: It is concluded that conversion of RTPs with gingival overgrowth from CsA to tacrolimus may provide an effective management strategy for this clinical problem.
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4/40. Oral giant pyogenic granulomas associated with facial skin hemangiomas (sturge-weber syndrome).

    This is a case report of two patients, aged 26 and 22, who suffered from congenital hemangioma on their faces and pronounced gingival overgrowth localized parallel to extraoral lesions. Prior to surgical intervention the hygienic conditions were improved in several sessions by means of professional preventive treatment and oral hygiene instructions. Histologic examination of both cases revealed a highly vascularized pattern of pyogenic granuloma. One of the cases was associated with a pregnancy. These patients can be classified as sturge-weber syndrome. Postsurgical treatment consisted of efficient plaque control and adequate oral prophylaxis sessions every 3 months. The large gingival overgrowth was not observed to recur in 2 and 4 years, respectively, of follow-up.
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5/40. Reduction of severe gingival overgrowth in a kidney transplant patient by replacing cyclosporin A with tacrolimus.

    Side effects of certain drugs such as cyclosporin A (CsA) and phenytoin may induce gingival overgrowth which in some instances become unacceptable to the patient because esthetic, functional, and other effects. Use of these drugs is related to important medical situations, such as organ transplantation and control and withdrawal of the drugs is contraindicated. tacrolimus is an immunosuppressant used to prevent graft rejection in organ transplant patients and has been shown to cause fewer oral side effects than CsA. This report deals with a case of probable synergism between the use of CsA and phenytoin which caused an intense gingival overgrowth in a kidney transplant patient. A treatment protocol including very thorough oral hygiene, scaling and root planing, clorhexidine digluconate rinses (0.12%), and substituting CsA with tacrolimus is described. Response to treatment after 6 months of tacrolimus use was excellent with almost complete reversion of the gingival enlargement. One-year follow-up demonstrated a stable gingival situation. The successful substitution of CsA with tacrolimus provides great expectations for the management of CsA-related gingival enlargement.
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6/40. gingival overgrowth as the initial paraneoplastic manifestation of Hodgkin's lymphoma in a child. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper is to present the first case of gingival overgrowth, premature root resorption, and alveolar bone loss, which preceded the diagnosis of a stage IVB Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) in a 9-year-old boy. methods: The child presented complaining of gingival pain which first appeared 3 months prior. Clinical examination revealed inflamed, hyperplastic gingivae, while x-ray showed premature root resorption and alveolar bone loss. Medical work-up was significant for cervical lymphadenopathy. Gingival biopsy, followed by lymph node resection, was performed twice. RESULTS: Histological examination of both gingival biopsies disclosed a mixed inflammatory infiltrate, while classical Hodgkin's lymphoma of the nodular sclerosis type was diagnosed from the second lymph node biopsy. Chemotherapy was instituted with mustard-vincristine-procarbazine-prednizone and adriamycine-bleomycine-vinblastine-dacarbazine. Remission of the lymphoma was observed with concomitant regression of the gingival overgrowth. CONCLUSIONS: The inflammatory gingival overgrowth, premature root resorption of deciduous teeth, and alveolar bone loss in this case, in conjunction with the regression of gingival overgrowth which followed the completion of chemotherapy, are strongly indicative of a paraneoplastic manifestation of HL. The postulated mechanism for the development of the manifestation is the constitutive activation of the transcription factor NF-kB. The gingival inflammatory reaction was probably further aggravated by the bacterial-stimulated cytokine secretion released by monocytes.
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ranking = 1.75
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7/40. Surgical solutions to periodontal complications of orthodontic therapy.

    Collaboration of various specialists has become essential in pediatric dental practice. In orthodontics, this collaboration is completely necessary when the patient presents periodontal problems. Even in healthy patients, who do not suffer from periodontal disease, periodontal complications may occur during treatment with fixed appliances. Two cases of young patients, in which periodontal procedures were used to complement the results of orthodontic treatment are presented.
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keywords = dental
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8/40. Resolution of gingival overgrowth following change from cyclosporin to tacrolimus therapy in a renal transplant patient.

    gingival overgrowth is a well documented and common side-effect of cyclosporin therapy. Gingival swelling in this condition hinders efficient oral hygiene and is of aesthetic concern to patients. This case report outlines rapid and dramatic reduction in overgrowth when tacrolimus replaced cyclosporin as the immunosuppressive agent in a renal transplant patient with established overgrowth.
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9/40. amlodipine-induced gingival overgrowth: periodontal responses to stopping and restarting the drug.

    A case history of a woman with gingival overgrowth (GO) induced by amlodipine is presented. A 49-year-old Japanese woman, who was taking amlodipine, had gingival overgrowth and swelling on examination. No specific periodontal treatment was provided to the patient for the GO; however, the amlodipine was replaced with an ACE inhibitor after consultation with her medical practitioner. Within two months, the suspension of amlodipine resulted in a significant improvement in her periodontal condition. Failure to control the hypertension caused the physician to re-prescribe amlodipine. After three months, the gingival overgrowth returned; however, its severity was less when compared with the original periodontal condition, due to reduction in drug dose and periodontal therapy. This experience suggests that temporary suspension of a drug which can induce GO can improve the periodontal condition without the aid of surgical treatment.
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ranking = 1.75
keywords = gingival
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10/40. oral manifestations of Menkes' kinky hair syndrome.

    Menkes' Kinky hair Syndrome (MKHS) comprises an array of clinical manifestations including hair shaft abnormalities, epidermal hypopigmentation, and progressive cerebral degeneration that are transmitted as an X-linked recessive disorder affecting copper transport pathways in primarily young males. The oral manifestations of MKHS are scantly reported to include the presence of gingival enlargement and delayed eruption of primary teeth. The purpose of this report is to present a case of MKHS describing the intraoral clinical findings.
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