Cases reported "Gingivitis"

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1/91. Adverse effects associated with a bioabsorbable guided tissue regeneration device in the treatment of human gingival recession defects. A clinicopathologic case report.

    This clinicopathologic case report documents an adverse effect associated with the use of a polylactic acid-based barrier in the treatment of human gingival recession defects. A total of 27 consecutively treated patients, in whom guided tissue regeneration with a polylactic acid barrier was used to correct gingival recession defects, were evaluated. This adverse effect consisted of a midradicular-apical swelling, generally asymptomatic, with no apparent predilection for gender, age, tooth type or location (maxilla/mandible), or surgical procedure. It was observed in 14 of 27 (52%) patients and 22 of 41 (54%) defects. The swelling decreased in size over time and in most cases, it completely resolved within 12 months postsurgery. Histopathologic evaluation of a 14-week specimen indicated characteristics (multinucleated giant cells, foamy macrophages) consistent with a foreign body reaction. These findings suggest that patients undergoing GTR procedures with synthetic absorbable devices for the treatment of gingival recession defects should be advised of the possible occurrence of such an adverse effect.
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keywords = gingival
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2/91. Gingival lesions diagnosed as pemphigus vulgaris in an adolescent. Case report.

    Desquamative gingivitis (DG) is a fairly common disorder in which the gingivae show chronic desquamation. Originally considered to be related to hormonal changes at menopause, since many of the patients are middle-aged women, DG is now recognized to be mainly a manifestation of a number of disorders ranging from vesiculobullous diseases to adverse reactions to a variety of chemicals or allergens. Desquamative gingivitis can be an important early clinical manifestation of serious systemic diseases such as pemphigus vulgaris. The authors present a case that illustrates the importance of a specific diagnosis in patients with desquamative gingival lesions previously treated for 6 months as classical gingivitis. Gingival biopsy showed histologic patterns typical of pemphigus vulgaris. The patient was treated with systemic and topical corticosteroids in association with miconazole. The patient is now under control with low-dose systemic corticosteroids. Proper recognition of lesions in the oral mucosa leads, in several situations, to an early diagnosis of a systemic disease.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = gingival
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3/91. Comparing periodontal disease in identical twins: a case report.

    Previous investigators have shown that numerous environmental and genetic variables may contribute to the pathogenesis of periodontal disease. This case report presents clinical and laboratory findings of a set of Caucasian female identical twins. One patient presented clinically with mild gingivitis and no clinical or radiographic signs of periodontitis. The other exhibited gingivitis with localized, moderate-to-severe periodontitis. Neither patient reported a history of systemic conditions that might influence their periodontal health, and neither presented other known risk factors, such as tobacco use. The only apparent variable was related to their oral hygiene. The periodontally involved patient exhibited higher plaque scores than her twin in all clinical visits. Subgingival plaque cultures revealed the presence of porphyromonas gingivalis and bacteroides forsythus only in the diseased twin. Both patients had low colony counts of prevotella intermedia and eikenella corrodens, but only the healthy twin harbored small quantities of fusobacterium nucleatum. This case report offers an opportunity to assess etiology of periodontitis in two genetically identical patients whose only obvious difference was their oral hygiene.
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ranking = 0.28571428571429
keywords = gingival
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4/91. Minor self-inflicted injuries to the gingivae: gingivitis artefacta minor.

    Three young patients with gingival injuries that were self-inflicted by a fingernail habit are presented. In each case the habit, which was provoked by a pre-existing locus of irritation, was stoped as soon as the locus (or trigger) was identified and treated. A distinction is drawn between these types of cases, (gingivitis artefacta minor), and those of gingivitis artefacta major where the habit is more deeply entrenched and the implications more serious.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = gingival
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5/91. cyclosporine A-induced gingival hyperplasia pemphigus vulgaris: literature review and report of a case.

    gingival hyperplasia appears in 8% to 85% of patients treated with cyclosporine. Most studies show an association between oral hygiene status and the prevalence and severity of this gingival overgrowth. Thus, besides attempting to substitute this drug with another whenever possible, treatment usually involves maintenance of strict oral hygiene coupled with scaling and root planing and removal of iatrogenic factors. Sometimes a second treatment phase involving periodontal surgery is necessary. cyclosporine-induced gingival overgrowth has been mainly described in post-organ transplant patients. The present case describes, for the first time, a severe form of cyclosporine-induced gingival overgrowth arising in a 15 year-old male with pemphigus vulgaris. Periodontal treatment included oral hygiene and scaling and root planing under local anesthesia. There was a significant reduction in gingival enlargement, as well as a reduction in plaque levels and inflammation. Cessation of drug administration, combined with continuous periodontal treatment, brought further improvement. This successful conservative treatment of cyclosporine-induced gingival overgrowth in a pemphigus vulgaris patient suggests that early diagnosis and comprehensive treatment of these lesions may yield good response and reduce the need for periodontal surgery.
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ranking = 3.3104057175534
keywords = gingival hyperplasia, gingival, hyperplasia
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6/91. Implant site development using orthodontic extrusion: a case report.

    One of the most important factors in the successful placement of endosseous implants is the presence of adequate alveolar bone at the recipient site. alveolar bone loss associated with destructive periodontal disease frequently results in osseous defects that may complicate subsequent implant placement. Typically, such defects are treated prior to or at the time of implant surgery using the principles of guided bone regeneration. Under certain circumstances, however, such defects may be managed non-surgically by orthodontic extrusion. orthodontic extrusion can be used to increase the vertical bone height and volume and to establish a more favourable soft-tissue profile prior to implant placement. The addition, the increase in the vertical osseous dimension at interproximal sites may assist in the preservation of the interdental papillae and can further enhance gingival aesthetics. This report illustrates the treatment sequence for site development with orthodontic extrusion prior to immediate implant placement.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = gingival
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7/91. microbiology of destructive periodontal disease in adolescent patients with congenital neutropenia. A report of 3 cases.

    BACKGROUND, AIMS: Congenital neutropenia is one condition that may predispose for destructive periodontal disease at a young age. In this report, we describe the microbiology of 3 adolescent patients with congenital neutropenia two of whom suffered from severe periodontitis. METHOD: Microbiological testing of the parents was also performed in 1 case. dna fingerprinting was used to study transmission of putative periodontal pathogens in this case. From 1 patient with periodontitis, actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans and porphyromonas gingivalis were isolated; a 2nd periodontitis patient was infected with P. gingivalis. A 3rd patient had gingivitis only and no A. actinomycetemcomitans or P. gingivalis were found. RESULTS: Using the amplified fragment length polymorphism dna fingerprinting technique, bacterial transmission between the father and a patient was shown for A. actinomycetemcomitans but not for P. gingivalis.
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ranking = 0.57142857142857
keywords = gingival
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8/91. Foreign body gingivitis associated with a new crown: EDX analysis and review of the literature.

    Gingival inflammation associated with foreign bodies in connective tissue is termed Foreign Body gingivitis (FBG). It is not commonly recognized by clinicians and has recently been described fully in the literature. It is more common in females, and the incidence by age follows a normal distribution, unlike bacterially-induced gingivitis. Most frequently, a red or red-and-white painful, chronic lesion, it has usually been present for less than one year and does not resolve with optimization of oral hygiene. It may be clinically confused with lichen planus. There is no gingival site predilection. Microscopically, foreign bodies are associated with the gingival inflammation, and elemental analysis suggests that they are usually derived from abrasives, and less commonly from restorative materials. Treatment of FBG is still unclear and its prevention is discussed. A case is presented in which a patient developed localized foreign body gingivitis after placement of a crown. Elemental analysis using energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis (EDX) of the foreign particles was most consistent with an abrasive material.
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ranking = 0.28571428571429
keywords = gingival
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9/91. Ehlers-Danlos type VIII. review of the literature.

    Ehlers-Danlos type VIII is a rare disorder characterized by soft, hyperextensible skin, abnormal scarring, easy bruising, and generalized periodontitis with early loss of teeth. To illustrate the clinical dermatological and dental features, we present the case history of a 20-year-old patient who has suffered from poor healing of wounds at the shins and knees since childhood, which have developed into hyperpigmented atrophic scars. In the course of orthodontic treatment during the last 3 years, severe apical root resorption, gingival recession, and loss of alveolar bone were observed. family history was noncontributory for any skin or tooth disorders. The typical clinical signs confirmed the diagnosis of ehlers-danlos syndrome type VIII. As there is no specific treatment for the disorder, management is limited to the symptomatic treatment of the dental disease. It seems advisable to consider carefully the indications for orthodontic treatment in patients with Ehlers-Danlos type VIII syndrome.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = gingival
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10/91. Esthetic management of multiple recession defects in a patient with cicatricial pemphigoid.

    Cicatricial pemphigoid is one of a number of mucocutaneous disorders that can present in the oral cavity with desquamation, pain, and bleeding of the gingiva and oral mucosa. This case report describes the management of cicatricial pemphigoid in a patient with multiple sites of gingival recession using connective tissue grafting to alleviate root surface sensitivity and improve esthetics. The treatment rationale is presented and discussed in terms of timing of therapy and implications for wound healing in patients who present with desquamative gingivitis.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = gingival
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