Cases reported "Gingivitis"

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1/3. Oral mucosal lichen planus in children.

    Although lichen planus is a relatively common mucocutaneous disorder in adults, it has only rarely been described in children. Moreover, even less data has been published regarding mucosal lesions in children. Six case reports of childhood oral lichen planus are presented and the available literature reviewed. It is believed that this paper documents the largest series of cases of childhood oral mucosal lichen planus to be reported in the literature to date. lichen planus should be considered in the differential diagnosis of oral mucosal white patches in children, particularly those of Asian origin.
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ranking = 1
keywords = patch
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2/3. Contact urticaria and allergic contact dermatitis to benzocaine gel.

    A 39-year-ole man developed edema and vesiculation of the oral mucosa following the application of benzocaine (Hurricaine) gel. Open testing demonstrated an immediate urticarial reaction. Closed patch tests were positive after 48 hours. The contact dermatitis was consistent with a delayed-type hypersensitivity. It appears, however, that a nonimmunologic mechanism caused the contact urticaria since passive transfer was negative.
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ranking = 275.7873916307
keywords = patch test, patch
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3/3. Long-lasting allergic patch test reaction caused by gold.

    Allergic contact dermatitis caused by gold is rare, and only isolated cases have been reported. Patch testing with gold may cause a long-lasting reaction. The purpose of this study is to describe a well-studied case of gold allergy caused by dental gold crowns. A gold-sensitized patient and a non-sensitized control subject were examined using patch tests, immunohistochemistry, electron microscopy and blast transformation reactions. Sodium thiosulfate, auranofin and sodium thiomalate gave positive patch test reactions. immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy were performed from biopsies taken from allergic patch test reactions caused by gold sodium thiosulfate 1 day and 17 days after applying the patches, from normal skin and from a 17-day-old allergic patch test reaction caused by ammonium persulfate. down-regulation had taken place by 17 days in the allergic ammonium persulfate reaction, but not in the 17-day allergic gold test reaction. The patient reacted to all but one of the gold-induced blast transformation tests, sodium chloroaurate being non-inductive. The non-sensitized control subject did not exhibit any reactions. In conclusion, gold sodium thiosulfate, gold sodium thiomalate and auranofin can be used as patch test substances for gold allergy, though long-lasting allergic patch test reactions may develop. in vitro gold salt induced blast transformation is an alternative test for gold allergy. The slow down-regulation of the allergic patch test reactions needs to be studied further.
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ranking = 3034.6613079377
keywords = patch test, patch
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