Cases reported "Gingivitis"

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1/208. Histopathology and electron and immunofluorescence microscopy of gingivitis granulomatosa associated with glossitis and cheilitis in a case of Anderson-fabry disease.

    A 17-year-old white boy with signs, symptoms, and family history of angiokeratoma corporis diffusum universale, Anderson-fabry disease (AFD), developed recurrent and then persistent swelling of both lips, erythematous hyperplastic gingivae, and a pebbled tongue. Positive blood findings were raised serum IgE, decreased T-cell level, and increased B-cell level. Histopathology of the gingiva showed noncaseating granulomas with multinucleate giant cells containing Schaumann bodies and large plasma-cell infiltrates in which immunofluorescence demonstrated immune globulins of several classes. Electron microscopy and histochemistry demonstrated ceramide in the vasculature. No glycolipid was found in the macrophages or giant cells of the granulomas which, in contrast, resembled sarcoid reactions. plasma cells with Russell bodies and immune reaction-induced degranulation of mast cells were also identified. The pathogenesis of the oral findings possibly relates to altered immune reactivity associated with damage to the microvasculature analogous to that in melkersson-rosenthal syndrome. ( info)

2/208. Adverse effects associated with a bioabsorbable guided tissue regeneration device in the treatment of human gingival recession defects. A clinicopathologic case report.

    This clinicopathologic case report documents an adverse effect associated with the use of a polylactic acid-based barrier in the treatment of human gingival recession defects. A total of 27 consecutively treated patients, in whom guided tissue regeneration with a polylactic acid barrier was used to correct gingival recession defects, were evaluated. This adverse effect consisted of a midradicular-apical swelling, generally asymptomatic, with no apparent predilection for gender, age, tooth type or location (maxilla/mandible), or surgical procedure. It was observed in 14 of 27 (52%) patients and 22 of 41 (54%) defects. The swelling decreased in size over time and in most cases, it completely resolved within 12 months postsurgery. Histopathologic evaluation of a 14-week specimen indicated characteristics (multinucleated giant cells, foamy macrophages) consistent with a foreign body reaction. These findings suggest that patients undergoing GTR procedures with synthetic absorbable devices for the treatment of gingival recession defects should be advised of the possible occurrence of such an adverse effect. ( info)

3/208. Gingival lesions diagnosed as pemphigus vulgaris in an adolescent. Case report.

    Desquamative gingivitis (DG) is a fairly common disorder in which the gingivae show chronic desquamation. Originally considered to be related to hormonal changes at menopause, since many of the patients are middle-aged women, DG is now recognized to be mainly a manifestation of a number of disorders ranging from vesiculobullous diseases to adverse reactions to a variety of chemicals or allergens. Desquamative gingivitis can be an important early clinical manifestation of serious systemic diseases such as pemphigus vulgaris. The authors present a case that illustrates the importance of a specific diagnosis in patients with desquamative gingival lesions previously treated for 6 months as classical gingivitis. Gingival biopsy showed histologic patterns typical of pemphigus vulgaris. The patient was treated with systemic and topical corticosteroids in association with miconazole. The patient is now under control with low-dose systemic corticosteroids. Proper recognition of lesions in the oral mucosa leads, in several situations, to an early diagnosis of a systemic disease. ( info)

4/208. lip adhesion: an unusual complication of erythema multiforme.

    The purpose of this article is to report a case of lip adhesion as a complication of erythema multiforme in an 8-year-old child. This is the second reported case of this complication of oral ulceration associated with erythema multiforme. ( info)

5/208. Comparing periodontal disease in identical twins: a case report.

    Previous investigators have shown that numerous environmental and genetic variables may contribute to the pathogenesis of periodontal disease. This case report presents clinical and laboratory findings of a set of Caucasian female identical twins. One patient presented clinically with mild gingivitis and no clinical or radiographic signs of periodontitis. The other exhibited gingivitis with localized, moderate-to-severe periodontitis. Neither patient reported a history of systemic conditions that might influence their periodontal health, and neither presented other known risk factors, such as tobacco use. The only apparent variable was related to their oral hygiene. The periodontally involved patient exhibited higher plaque scores than her twin in all clinical visits. Subgingival plaque cultures revealed the presence of porphyromonas gingivalis and bacteroides forsythus only in the diseased twin. Both patients had low colony counts of prevotella intermedia and eikenella corrodens, but only the healthy twin harbored small quantities of fusobacterium nucleatum. This case report offers an opportunity to assess etiology of periodontitis in two genetically identical patients whose only obvious difference was their oral hygiene. ( info)

6/208. Periodontal disease associated with preleukemic syndrome.

    A case of preleukemic syndrome associated with severe periodontal disease has been presented for the first time. The clinical, radiographic and hematologic findings have been discussed, as well as medical and periodontal therapy. ( info)

7/208. Minor self-inflicted injuries to the gingivae: gingivitis artefacta minor.

    Three young patients with gingival injuries that were self-inflicted by a fingernail habit are presented. In each case the habit, which was provoked by a pre-existing locus of irritation, was stoped as soon as the locus (or trigger) was identified and treated. A distinction is drawn between these types of cases, (gingivitis artefacta minor), and those of gingivitis artefacta major where the habit is more deeply entrenched and the implications more serious. ( info)

8/208. Allergic contact gingivostomatitis from a temporary crown made of methacrylates and epoxy diacrylates.

    Occupational allergic contact dermatitis caused by (meth)acrylates is common in dental personnel, whereas dental acrylic fillings and crowns have rarely been reported to cause problems in dental patients. Here we report on a 48-year-old woman who developed gingivitis, stomatitis, and perioral dermatitis after a temporary crown made of restorative, two-component material had been inserted. The manufacturer stated that the temporary crown base paste and catalyst contained three (meth)acrylates, namely, a proacrylate, which is a modification of 2,2-bis[4-(2-hydroxy-3-methacryloxypropoxy)phenyl]propane (BIS-GMA); a tricyclate, which is a saturated, aliphatic, tricyclic methacrylate; and urethane methacrylate. The manufacturer refused to give more exact information on the (meth)acrylates. Patch testing revealed that the patient was highly allergic to BIS-GMA, other epoxy diacrylates, and (meth)acrylates, as well as to the base paste and catalyst of the temporary crown. Accordingly, it was concluded that the allergic reaction was caused by BIS-GMA, or a cross-reacting (meth)acrylate, or other (meth)acrylates in the temporary crown. ( info)

9/208. Chronic ulcerative stomatitis: a case report.

    BACKGROUND: Certain mucocutaneous diseases present with painful, ulcerative, or erosive oral manifestations. Chronic ulcerative stomatitis is a newly recognized disease of unknown origin which presents clinically with features of desquamative gingivitis. This report marks only the thirteenth case reported in the world literature. A review of previous reports and studies is presented along with a review of immunofluorescence techniques critical to proper diagnosis. These diseases are difficult to diagnose without the use of immunofluorescence techniques. A 54-year-old Caucasian woman presented with a 2- to 3-year history of stomatitis and dry mouth. methods: Direct immunofluorescence revealed a speckled pattern of IgG deposits in the basal one-third of the epithelium, while indirect immunofluorescence confirmed the presence of stratified epithelium-specific antinuclear antigen (SES-ANA), both pathognomonic for chronic ulcerative stomatitis. RESULTS: The patient was successfully treated using topical corticosteroid therapy. ( info)

10/208. cyclosporine A-induced gingival hyperplasia pemphigus vulgaris: literature review and report of a case.

    gingival hyperplasia appears in 8% to 85% of patients treated with cyclosporine. Most studies show an association between oral hygiene status and the prevalence and severity of this gingival overgrowth. Thus, besides attempting to substitute this drug with another whenever possible, treatment usually involves maintenance of strict oral hygiene coupled with scaling and root planing and removal of iatrogenic factors. Sometimes a second treatment phase involving periodontal surgery is necessary. cyclosporine-induced gingival overgrowth has been mainly described in post-organ transplant patients. The present case describes, for the first time, a severe form of cyclosporine-induced gingival overgrowth arising in a 15 year-old male with pemphigus vulgaris. Periodontal treatment included oral hygiene and scaling and root planing under local anesthesia. There was a significant reduction in gingival enlargement, as well as a reduction in plaque levels and inflammation. Cessation of drug administration, combined with continuous periodontal treatment, brought further improvement. This successful conservative treatment of cyclosporine-induced gingival overgrowth in a pemphigus vulgaris patient suggests that early diagnosis and comprehensive treatment of these lesions may yield good response and reduce the need for periodontal surgery. ( info)
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