Cases reported "Glioma"

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1/110. Color Doppler image of central retinal artery of eyes with an intraconal mass.

    PURPOSE: Retinal ischemia secondary to hypoperfusion of the central retinal artery is recognized as one factor that may contribute to the development of loss of vision in eyes with intraorbital tumors. We study intraorbital tumors which produce motility disturbances and visual problems by color Doppler imaging to evaluate this factor. methods: We examined the central retinal artery velocities of 3 patients with disc edema caused by intraconal masses (2 cavernous hemangiomas and 1 presumed optic nerve glioma) via color Doppler imaging. RESULTS: The time-velocity waveform demonstrated abnormally high vascular resistance in the central retinal artery of all affected eyes in the primary position compared with the normal waveform seen in the other eyes. We compared the pulsatility index of eyes with an intraconal mass and contralateral, control eyes using Student's t test for paired samples and significant differences were noted between both groups (p< 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Intraconal tumors could produce increased pressure in the optic nerve sheath and the optic nerve tissue which could be associated with impaired retinal and optic nerve blood flow and the subsequent amaurosis encountered with intraorbital tumors.
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2/110. Spontaneous partial regression of low-grade glioma in children with neurofibromatosis-1: a real possibility.

    At the age of 41 and 31 months, respectively, a boy and a girl affected by neurofibromatosis-1 were diagnosed with a visual pathway glioma during surveillance contrast-enhanced head magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In the first child, the initial MRI showed that the entire optic chiasm, the intracranial tract of the left optic nerve, and hypothalamus were grossly enlarged and enhanced in the post-gadolinium T1-weighted images. Ten months later, the hypothalamic component of the lesion had regressed markedly and there were no more areas of contrast enhancement. In the second child, the initial MRI showed that the optic chiasm, the right optic tract, and geniculate body were enlarged and enhanced after gadolinium injection. At 6-month follow-up, the MRI showed that the right optic tract and the anterior aspect of the optic chiasm decreased in size and the contrast enhancement of the entire lesion was reduced dramatically. These findings, as indicated by other similar reports, confirm that spontaneous regression of visual pathway glioma is a rare but real possibility in children with neurofibromatosis-1. Therefore, clinicians need to be aware of visual pathway glioma's erratic behavior in children with neurofibromatosis-1 with special attention given to the importance of a very conservative attitude toward any type of treatment for such patients.
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3/110. growth hormone hypersecretion in a girl with neurofibromatosis type 1 and an optic nerve glioma: resolution following chemotherapy.

    growth hormone hypersecretion is extremely rare in childhood. We report a girl with neurofibromatosis type 1, an extensive optic nerve glioma and growth hormone hypersecretion. She was treated with chemotherapy to prevent further extension of her sight-threatening tumour. Three years after chemotherapy her growth hormone hypersecretion has resolved although she has gone on to develop precocious puberty.
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4/110. Primary diffuse leptomeningeal gliomatosis predominantly affecting the spinal cord: case report and review of the literature.

    Primary leptomeningeal gliomatosis is a rare, fatal neoplastic syndrome. A 71 year old man is reported on, who after a 2 month history of back stiffness, epigastric pain, and weight loss developed visual blurring. Cranial CT and MRI studies showed no leptomeningeal enhancement. Examination of CSF 10 weeks premortem showed an increase in protein and decrease in glucose but no malignant cells. He became increasingly confused and repeated CSF examination showed inflammation and a few suspicious cells but no definitive evidence of neoplasia. He died 7 months after onset of his initial symptoms. At postmortem meningeal whitening was seen at the base of the brain and over the spinal cord. histology disclosed diffuse leptomeningeal gliomatosis (GFAP positive, cytokeratin negative) over the brain, optic nerves, and spinal cord without parenchymal involvement. No tumour was found in internal organs. The diagnosis of primary leptomeningeal gliomatosis was not evident after cranial CT and MRI and CSF examination premortem. Suspected cases need MRI scanning of the entire neuraxis and meningeal biopsy.
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5/110. optic nerve glioma in an 18-month-old child.

    An optic nerve glioma in an 18-month-old child was examined by both light and electron microscopy. The tumor revealed the characteristic features of uniform benign and fibrillary astrocytoma. Rosenthal fibers and calcium depostis were found within numerous intracellular glial processes. The above features indicated a slow-growing tumor of long duration, confirming the generally supported assumption of the congenital nature of optic nerve glioma. One unsuspected feature was the presence of fenestrated blood vessels.
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6/110. Multiple recurrences in malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor of the orbit: a case report and a review of the literature.

    PURPOSE: To report the onset of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor of the orbit 8 years after irradiation in a patient with neurofibromatosis type-1. methods: Case report of a young man with neurofibromatosis type-1 who received irradiation for presumed bilateral optic nerve and chiasmal gliomas and in whom a malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor later developed. Exenteration with extirpation of the entire contents of the orbit was performed 6 times. RESULTS: Complete recurrence of the tumor occurred after each surgical procedure until the patient died of malignancy. CONCLUSIONS: Our case underscores the risk of irradiation, especially in children with neurofibromatosis type-1, and emphasizes that radiotherapy should never be given as an empirical therapy. The authors believe that irradiation and neurofibromatosis type-1 may, in combination, pose a significant risk for the development of malignancies. Clear-cut indications and a precise tissue diagnosis are desirable before the initiation of radiotherapy, particularly in the pediatric population. We recommend that if irradiation is necessary in persons with neurofibromatosis type-1, regular follow-up is imperative. In view of the hostile nature of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor, early aggressive treatment appears to be the only viable alternative at present.
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7/110. optic nerve glioma in infancy: a case report of the youngest patient in thailand.

    A 4-month-old infant came to the department of ophthalmology, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital with right eye proptosis, strabismus, and no vision. She was diagnosed as optic nerve and chiasm glioma. The subtotal removal of the tumor was performed and followed by chemotherapy, with a satisfactory result. Because of the large size of the tumor and the presenting symptoms and signs since the patient was only 2 month old, we believe that this tumor originated in the intrauterine period. To our knowledge, this reported case is the youngest patient with optic nerve and chiasm astrocytoma in thailand.
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8/110. Caught by a masquerade: sclerosing orbital inflammation.

    Idiopathic sclerosing inflammation of the orbit is a distinct form of orbital inflammatory disease characterized by slow and relentless involvement of orbital structures. It is this insidious and relentless course that makes distinction from neoplastic lesions clinically difficult. We report the case of a patient with a several-week history of headache and decreased vision that was originally thought to represent an optic nerve sheath meningioma, based on clinical and radiographic evaluation. Subsequent histopathology from an optic nerve biopsy, however, was more consistent with optic nerve glioma. Eventually, pathologic examination of whole sections through the optic nerve was required to establish and confirm the actual diagnosis of sclerosing orbital inflammation.
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9/110. Large optic nerve glioma with normal vision.

    When the diagnosis of optic glioma is made, the visual loss is most often mildly or profoundly impaired. We report the details of the unusual situation where central visual acuity, visual fields, and color vision were normal at the time a large optic nerve glioma was demonstrated in a young boy. To our knowledge, this is the first case report containing ophthalmologic, neuroradiologic, surgical, and histologic details illustrating the rare association of normal vision and an optic glioma.
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10/110. An unusual periaqueductal glioma: A short report.

    A rare case of periaqueductal glioma with an unusual radiological picture is presented. A forty-five year old male presented with progressive bilateral third and eighth nerve paresis. magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a diffuse periaqueductal tumour with sparing of aqueduct and no hydrocephalus. MRI is a useful adjunct in such a situation for contemplating appropriate modality of treatment.
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