Cases reported "Glomerulonephritis"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

11/17. Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis and alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency in children.

    Two white girls had reduced serum concentration of alpha 1-antitrypsin (alpha-AT), phenotype ZZ, and liver disease. hepatocytes exhibited the microscopic criteria of alpha-AT deficiency. Hypocomplementemia, elevated circulating immune complexes (patient 1), clinical signs of renal disease, and the histologic findings of membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) type I developed. immunoglobulin a (but not alpha-AT) was demonstrable immunologically as a component of glomerular deposits in patient 1. Among 53 patients with MPGN but without clinical signs of liver disease, none had Pi type Z. Among 23 patients with phenotype ZZ but without clinical signs of kidney disease, six had abnormal complement protein levels, but the pattern did not resemble that of idiopathic MPGN type I. These results are consistent with the conclusion that MPGN in the two patients reported here is a consequence of their chronic liver disease and is not directly related to the presence of the allelic alpha-AT variant PiZ.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = kidney disease
(Clic here for more details about this article)

12/17. The renal spectrum.

    Renal diseases present with a wide array of symptoms. cystinuria is likely to appear in childhood. IgA nephropathy is commonly seen in young patients, and may be a problem in the young adult male with recurrent gross hematuria. Lupus erythematosus is more likely to attack females, particularly in young adulthood. Membranous glomerulonephritis, a frequent cause of nephrotic syndrome in older patients, may be a clue to the presence of tumor. Polycystic kidney disease may present over a wide age span, beginning with the fourth decade. End-stage renal disease has a characteristic clinical spectrum regardless of etiology.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = kidney disease
(Clic here for more details about this article)

13/17. Management of the hypertensive patient: a case report.

    hypertension is a potentially life-threatening condition that can lead to heart failure, stroke, and kidney disease. Most patients with hypertension can be treated and controlled if they are diagnosed in a timely manner. This case report exemplifies how the dentist can play a key role in the detection of hypertension by simply taking vital signs on all patients. It is incumbent upon us as health-care professionals to understand the causes of hypertension, the therapeutic drugs used and associated side effects, and the potential for drug interactions. The dentist's ability to recognize and appropriately manage hypertension will greatly enhance the health and safety of our patients.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = kidney disease
(Clic here for more details about this article)

14/17. Fibrillary glomerulonephritis and pulmonary hemorrhage in a patient with renal transplantation.

    Fibrillary glomerulonephritis is an unusual kidney disease characterized by the deposition of immunoglobulins in a fibrillar pattern. Until recently it has been considered to involve the kidneys alone. We describe a patient who underwent renal transplantation and developed fibrillary glomerulonephritis with rapidly progressive renal failure and severe pulmonary hemorrhage two years and a half after transplantation. Nephropathy prior to transplantation was thought to be focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis. diagnosis of fibrillary glomerulonephritis in renal allograft was confirmed by postmortem examination. 50% of the glomeruli with extracapillary crescents were observed on light microscopy. By immunofluorescence main deposition of IgA was detected in the glomerular capillar walls and the mesangium. Electron microscopy showed fibrillo-reticular deposits in the same place. lung histology showed both old and recent areas of alveolar hemorrhage. Granular staining for IgA was observed in the alveolar walls by immunofluorescence. Ultrastructural analysis of the lung made evident fibrillo-reticulary deposits in the interstitium, similar than those observed in the glomeruli. The presence of these deposits in both renal and pulmonary tissues indicates the possibility of systemic involvement in fibrillary glomerulonephritis. In our case it could be related to the recurrence of this glomerulopathy in renal allograft.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = kidney disease
(Clic here for more details about this article)

15/17. Uncontrolled hypertension and hyperreninemia after hemorrhage in a patient with end-stage renal disease and acquired renal cysts.

    Acquired cystic kidney disease occurs in over 74% of patients with ESRD on hemodialysis for more than 4 yr. A variety of complications have been associated with these cysts including bleeding, lithiasis, infection, obstruction, and malignant transformation. An ESRD patient who developed accelerating hypertension secondary to an acute perinephric hematoma due to a bleeding-acquired renal cyst is described. The hypertension, which was refractory to aggressive drug therapy, was controlled only after the involved kidney was removed, after the demonstration of an elevated ipsilateral renal vein renin level. This is the first case reported in which worsening hypertension, apparently due to the "Page kidney," developed as a complication of perinephric bleeding in an ESRD patient with acquired cystic kidney disease.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = kidney disease
(Clic here for more details about this article)

16/17. The prevalence of circulating anti-tubular basement membrane-antibody in renal diseases, and clinical observations.

    Anti-tubular basement membrane antibodies were determined by ELISA in 217 patients with different renal diseases. The assay for antibodies in serum was based on a 58 kD bovine tubular basement membrane antigen. Sera were studied from 69 patients with different forms of interstitial nephritis; 15 patients (10 women, 5 men) had anti-tubular basement membrane titers above the normal (compared with a reference group of healthy blood donors). Three patients are presented in greater detail. Thirty-four patients with pyelonephritis (confirmed by intravenous urogram) were investigated; one serum was positive. Sera from 114 patients with renal glomerular and/or vascular disease were studied; 12 had positive titers for tubular basement membrane and glomerular basement membrane or other kidney disease antibodies. This study supports the opinion that damage in the renal medulla can be caused by an autoimmune process. Circulating anti-TBM antibodies may be of value in the investigation of patients with tubulo-interstitial diseases but the cause and prognosis of this condition is, however, not known.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = kidney disease
(Clic here for more details about this article)

17/17. glomerulonephritis associated with acute hepatitis B.

    Acute hepatitis b virus (HBV) infection has very rarely been associated with glomerulonephritis. We describe a case of post-infections glomerulonephritis associated with acute HBV infection. The kidney disease resolved concomitantly with the hepatitis, and the patient recovered from acute HBV infection.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = kidney disease
(Clic here for more details about this article)
<- Previous |


Leave a message about 'Glomerulonephritis'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.