Cases reported "Glomus Tumor"

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11/281. Solitary glomus tumour.

    A 42-year-old woman developed a purplish, tender nodule on her wrist of 6 months duration. Histological examination showed a well-circumscribed lesion situated in the dermis and subcutis characterized by numerous, dilated thin-walled vascular spaces surrounded by sheets of glomus cells. The histological findings are characteristic of the diagnosis of an uncommon type of glomus tumour, known as glomangioma.
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keywords = glomus tumour, glomangioma, glomus
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12/281. Infiltrative glomus tumor arising from a benign glomus tumor: a distinctive immunohistochemical pattern in the infiltrative component.

    Malignant glomus tumors (MGT) are rare. Although metastatic MGT has been reported, most MGT have only been locally aggressive, some with multiple local recurrences. We report an additional case of an infiltrative glomus tumor. In addition to the pattern of immunohistochemical staining for alpha-smooth muscle actin (SM-actin) previously described, we performed immunohistochemical stains for Ki-67 and CD34. The infiltrative component of the glomus tumor showed variably decreased staining with SM-actin and occasional tumor cells showed nuclear staining with Ki-67. CD34 staining occurred in stromal cells forming the pseudocapsule in the benign component of this tumor and in other benign glomus tumors. The infiltrative component showed increased CD34 stromal cells. Although Ki-67 staining showed only an occasional proliferative cell, the immunohistochemical staining pattern of CD34 and SM-actin raise the possibility that the infiltrative component of this tumor may have differences in the degree of differentiation from the circumscribed part and that local factors could support its spread from a conventional benign glomus tumor.
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ranking = 0.33970475363609
keywords = glomus
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13/281. upper extremity pain of 10 years duration caused by a glomus tumor.

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Long-standing limb pain typically has a multifactorial etiology not amenable to causal therapy. We present a case of chronic progressing upper extremity pain caused by a glomus tumor; the excision was curative. methods: A 39-year-old woman presented with 10-year history of constant deep internal throbbing, aching pain localized to the radial aspect of the left index finger and additional intermittent shooting pains radiating up the arm toward the shoulder. pain was increased after minor local trauma, following cold exposure, and for unknown reasons. A blotchy, bluish skin discoloration could appear on the radial aspect of the index finger during severe pain. Nonsteroidal antinflammatory drugs, narcotics, amitriptyline, local heat, bracing, and a sympathetic nerve block had all been ineffective. The physical examination was characterized by exquisite pressure tenderness over the radial aspect of the left index finger, most pronounced just distal to the distal interphalengeal joint. RESULTS: Inflation of a left arm blood pressure cuff to above systolic pressures abolished pain. A glomus tumor was suspected and confirmed by histologic examination. CONCLUSIONS: Glomus tumors are rare, benign neoplasms (1 to 5% of all hand tumors), developing from neuromyoarterial glomus bodies. They usually present with pain and may mimic other painful conditions, delaying the average time until diagnosis for up to 10 years. The classic diagnostic triad consists of local pain, pressure tenderness, and cold hypersensitivity. Abolition of pain following inflation of a blood pressure cuff to above systolic levels (ischemia test) is highly diagnostic. We suggest routine use of this test in cases of upper limb pain of unclear etiology.
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ranking = 0.18291794426559
keywords = glomus
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14/281. Hemorrhagic gastric glomus tumor mimicks a leiomyosarcoma on both transabdominal and endoscopic ultrasonography: case report.

    glomus tumor is a benign tumor that arises from the modified smooth muscle cells of the glomus body and usually occurs in the skin, particularly in the nail-beds and fingertips. Gastric glomus tumor is a rare gastric submucosal tumor. Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) is useful in differentiating the gastric submucosal tumors, such as leiomyoma, leiomyosarcoma, lipoma, ectopic pancreas and glomus tumor. On sonography, gastric glomus tumor appears as a homogeneous hypoechoic or a heterogeneous low echoic pattern mixed with internal high echoic spots. Here, we describe an unusual sonographic figure of a hemorrhagic gastric glomus tumor on both EUS and high-resolution transabdominal ultrasonography (TAU). This tumor was located in the gastric muscular layer. Sonographic examination revealed a heterogeneous echogenicity with hyper- and anechoic areas, which mimicked the echoic pattern of gastric leiomyosarcoma.
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ranking = 0.23518021405576
keywords = glomus
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15/281. Multiple familial cutaneous glomangioma: a pedigree of 4 generations and critical analysis of histologic and genetic differences of glomus tumors.

    BACKGROUND: Glomangiomas are benign tumors arising from neuromyoarterial cells surrounding cutaneous arteriovenous anastomoses that serve as temperature regulators. They exist as solitary or multiple types, occurring sporadically or in a familial pattern, the latter of which is rare. OBJECTIVE: We describe a 4-generation pedigree of familial cutaneous glomangioma, in addition to the 3 other well-documented pedigrees reported in the literature to date, and we clarify ways in which to distinguish the different types of glomus tumors. methods: Nodular skin lesions of 4 affected family members were analyzed by histologic, immunohistologic, and electron microscopic methods. To elucidate the gene defect in this family, we searched for a linkage to a candidate locus on chromosome 11q23 previously identified in paragangliomas, one form of glomus tumor, in 16 family members of 4 generations by using polymorphic markers. RESULTS: The diagnosis of disseminated cutaneous glomangiomas was confirmed histologically in 4 family members of 3 different generations. Glomangiomas were transmitted in an autosomal dominant pattern via the paternal line. genetic linkage analysis of the affected family members excluded linkage to chromosome 11q23. CONCLUSION: An autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance has been described for glomus tumors of the paraganglioma type originating from the APUD cell system, the underlying genetic defect of which has been mapped to chromosome 11q23. In contrast, we show that the genetic defect in disseminated cutaneous glomus tumors of the glomangioma type deriving from smooth muscle cells or pericytes is not linked to chromosome 11. Thus we suggest that the common term glomus tumor, used for both paragangliomas and glomangiomas in the current literature, is misleading and should be avoided because these tumors have different histologic derivation and genetic origin.
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ranking = 0.47032115464639
keywords = glomangioma, glomus
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16/281. glomus tumor of the penis.

    Glomus tumors of the penis are extremely rare. A patient with multiple regional glomus tumors involving the penis is reported. A 16-year-old boy presented with the complaint of painless penile masses and resection of the lesions was performed. The pathologic diagnosis was glomus tumor of the penis. This is the ninth case of glomus tumor of the penis to be reported in the literature.
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ranking = 0.078393404685252
keywords = glomus
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17/281. Localized multiple glomus tumors of the face and oral mucosa.

    We describe a 54-year-old patient with an unusual localization of localized multiple glomus tumors. She had several nodules on the left mandibular area, lower lip, and anterior part of the buccal mucosa. A biopsy taken from the left mandibular area showed cystically dilated vessels lined by endothelial cells and a few outer layers of glomus cells in the dermis to subcutis. Localized multiple glomus tumors are rare, and both their facial and oral mucocal localization are extremely rare.
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ranking = 0.18291794426559
keywords = glomus
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18/281. Helical CT appearance of glomus tumor of the stomach.

    glomus tumor occurs only rarely in the stomach. This benign intramural mass is located most frequently in the distal half of the stomach. We experienced two cases of glomus tumor of the stomach which were examined with helical CT and were confirmed pathologically. Both tumors were well-marginated solitary lesions, located in the gastric antrum. On the early-phase helical CT, an intact overlying mucosa was demonstrated in both cases, and both tumors showed a dense homogeneous contrast enhancement, which persisted to the delayed phase.
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ranking = 0.13065567447542
keywords = glomus
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19/281. Glomangioma in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses.

    The glomangioma is a hyperplastic lesion of the glomus body. This uncommon tumor is seldom located in the nasal cavity or paranasal sinuses. We present what is to our knowledge the eleventh documented case of an intranasal glomangioma. The differential diagnosis of this lesion, its symptoms, pathogenesis and therapy are discussed. Complete excision is normally curative for this tumor.
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ranking = 0.084916370042741
keywords = glomangioma, glomus
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20/281. Glomus tumors.

    The authors report a series of 12 consecutive patients with 13 glomus tumors operated from July 1991 until February 1999. Symptoms were present for an average of 1.9 years before surgery. women were more frequently affected. The mean age was 44 years. In 12 of the 13, the tumor was located in the distal phalanx and one patient had a glomus tumor on the dorsum of the hand. One glomus tumor was found in the right hallux of a two-year-old child. Both hands and all fingers were equally involved. One bilateral glomus tumor was associated with neurofibromatosis. All tumors were resected and histology confirmed the diagnosis. The result was good with immediate pain relief. No recurrence has been noted to date.
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ranking = 0.10452453958034
keywords = glomus
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