Cases reported "Glossalgia"

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1/11. Diabetic neuropathy masquerading as glossodynia.

    BACKGROUND: Diabetic neuropathy, or DN, occurs in approximately 50 percent of patients who have type 2 diabetes mellitus, or DM. Oral burning and symptoms consistent with glossodynia (burning mouth syndrome) may occur secondary to DN. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 54-year-old woman reported to a university dental clinic with a chief complaint of oral burning. No clinical signs were evident. Her medical history was positive for type 2 DM. The initial diagnosis was glossodynia, and she was evaluated with relevant blood studies, which indicated that her diabetes was not well-controlled. The patient was referred back to her physician, and her symptoms abated once her diabetic condition was under control. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: It is important to consider DN within the differential diagnoses of patients who have symptoms consistent with glossodynia but have no clinical signs. dentists are invaluable in ascertaining underlying systemic disease considerations in patients with oral symptomatology. Cooperation between dentists and physicians often is helpful and necessary in caring for patients who have uncontrolled type 2 DM and oral symptoms. ( info)

2/11. Treatment of glossodynia with olanzapine.

    A 73-year-old white male with a 6-month history of glossodynia, unresponsive to clotrimazole troches, cevimeline, triamcinolone dental paste, paroxetine, and lorazepam presented to the dermatology clinic for consultation. work-up revealed no oral abnormalities and no underlying systemic disorder. He denied symptoms consistent with a psychiatric disorder. A detailed free amnestic assessment by a board certified Geriatric Psychiatrist (John S. Kennedy, MD) found that the patient was oppressed by the pain. He did not meet the criteria for major depression nor did he have any anxiety disorder or delusions. Because of the presence of dysphoria and anticipatory anxiety secondary to glossodynia, the patient was started on olanzapine. Improvement of pain symptoms were noted within 3 days with full resolution of symptoms at 1- and 3-month follow-ups. Dysphoria and anticipatory anxiety remitted fully upon pain relief. ( info)

3/11. Localized amyloid tumor of the tongue. A case report and review of the literature.

    Amyloid is usually deposited in the tongue, as a part of generalized amyloidosis. Isolated localized amyloidosis of the tongue is relatively rare. We report such a case which presented with glossodynia and glossopyrosis and was thought clinically to represent median rhomboid glossitis. Histologically the amyloid stained positively with congo-red giving green birefringence under polarized light, was not abolished after permanganate pretreatment and did not react immunohistochemically for amyloid A, beta 2 microglobulin and transthyretin. ( info)

4/11. Glossopyrosis due to adenoid cystic carcinoma.

    Glossopyrosis and glossodynia may occur from local or systemic factors or from any irritation along the course of the lingual nerve. Although cylindroma is relatively rare, it must be considered along with other malignant lesions when neurologic symptoms of burning and pain of the tongue persist. Examination of the lesion is best carried out as multiple needle biopsies rather than as open biopsy, in order to avoid seeding of the skin and lymphatics of the neck. Recurrences are frequent and, because of the slow growth, there must be a long follow-up period. Metastases to the lung and brain, although late, occur in large numbers of patients. Best results are obtained by a combination of radiation therapy and operation because the infiltration is so extensive that operation alone may not eliminate the tumor completely. ( info)

5/11. Glossodynia, iron deficiency anemia, and gastrointestinal malignancy. Report of a case.

    A postmenopausal woman was referred by a medical specialist for the evaluation of xerostomia and glossodynia. An ensuing oral diagnostic workup showed that the patient was suffering from iron deficiency anemia secondary to blood loss caused by a tumor in the large intestine. The original oral symptoms resolved after a right hemicolectomy. ( info)

6/11. Pernicious anemia with associated glossodynia.

    glossitis and glossodynia are commonly seen by the dental practitioner. The awareness that these symptoms in conjunction with other oral signs indicate pernicious anemia is important for the clinician. Correct diagnosis can be made, and neurological complications avoided. Two case reports are presented and typical oral and systemic features of pernicious anemia are discussed. ( info)

7/11. Respiratory tract symptoms as a clue to giant cell arteritis.

    Although many manifestations of giant cell arteries are increasingly recognized, little attention has been paid to respiratory symptoms associated with this disorder. We report the cases of 16 patients with giant cell arteritis who had prominent symptoms related to the respiratory tract including cough, sore throat, and hoarseness. These symptoms were the initial finding in 10 patients and obscured the diagnosis in some instances, but resolved quickly when corticosteroids were given. It is estimated that 9% of patients with giant cell arteritis have prominent respiratory tract symptoms, which are the initial manifestation in 4%. This disorder should be considered in an older patient with a new cough or throat pain without obvious cause. ( info)

8/11. The dynias.

    The "dynias" are a group of chronic, focal pain syndromes with a predilection for the orocervical and urogenital regions. They include glossodynia, carotidynia, vulvodynia, orchidynia, prostatodynia, coccygodynia, and proctodynia. In some cases, the dynias occur secondarily, but more often, despite an exhaustive evaluation, no etiology is found and in these remaining cases, the cause of the pain remains enigmatic. The controversy that surrounds this group of disorders, which ranges from questioning their existence to suggesting that they are purely psychosomatic, is counterbalanced by an extensive literature attesting to their organicity. The approach to the patient begins with acknowledging that the symptom is well described, searching for a secondary cause, and performing a careful psychologic assessment. Treatment is empirical and patients can often be helped with medications used to treat neuropathic pain, all the while providing psychologic support and exercising caution toward invasive and irreversible therapeutic procedures. ( info)

9/11. Case report: a hazard caused by a lower partial denture.

    Although dentures are cosmetic, as well as functional appliances, they can sometimes cause various oral conditions or life-threatening hazards to patients. A case is presented here of an unusual complication of a partial lower denture. ( info)

10/11. Aberrant external jugular vein phlebectasia with tongue pain.

    We have not encountered any other report of phlebectasia with tongue pain in the literature. The pain disappeared after the anomalous venous communication was excised. ( info)
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