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1/3. Exercise capacity in a 78 year old patient with McArdle's disease: it is never too late to start exercising.

    The case is reported of a 78 year old man with McArdle's disease and a history of treated coronary heart disease. Despite the pre-exercise administration of sucrose allowing the patient to exercise with normal physiological responses, and without typical McArdle's symptoms or biochemical evidence of muscle damage, his exercise capacity was very low (V(O2)peak = 10.7 ml/min/kg), probably attributable to his lifetime of sedentary living. The data suggest that, with pre-exercise sucrose administration, such patients may be candidates for systematic reconditioning, which may improve functional capacity and quality of life.
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2/3. Novel mutation in the PYGM gene resulting in McArdle disease.

    BACKGROUND: McArdle disease is a common metabolic disorder characterized by marked exercise intolerance, premature fatigue during exertion, myalgia, and cramps. Despite the wide knowledge of the molecular basis of McArdle disease, few studies have used a physiological approach or explored the possibility of improving the exercise capacity of these patients. OBJECTIVES: To describe 3 unrelated patients with McArdle disease with a novel mutation in the PYGM gene and to assess the physical capacity in 1 of them. DESIGN: Using molecular genetic approaches, we identified the underlying molecular defect in 3 patients with McArdle disease. Physical performance was evaluated in 1 patient by means of an exercise tolerance test on a bicycle ergometer. SETTING: Two university hospitals. Exercise physiology studies were performed in a university department. patients The 3 patients showed common features of McArdle disease. They were definitively diagnosed by histochemistry, biochemistry, or molecular genetic analysis. RESULTS: All of the 3 patients were genetic compounds for the common Arg50Stop mutation and a novel c.13_14delCT mutation in the PYGM gene. The peak oxygen uptake (VO(2peak)) of the patient who performed the exercise test was only 20.2 mL x kg(-1) x min(-1). CONCLUSIONS: Together with the novel mutation, there is a markedly decreased exercise capacity in a patient with McArdle disease, which could account for the profound alteration in the capacity for performing normal activities of daily living in this subpopulation.
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3/3. Improved energy kinetics following high protein diet in McArdle's syndrome. A 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy study.

    A patient with McArdle's syndrome was examined using bicycle ergometry and 31P NMR spectroscopy during exercise. The patients working capacity was approximately half the expected capacity of controls. Muscle energy kinetics improved significantly during intravenous glucose infusion and after 6 weeks of high protein diet. During intravenous infusion of amino acids, no changes in working capacity could be detected. No decrease was seen in intracellular muscle pH during aerobic exercise. A significant decrease in muscle pH during aerobic exercise was detected in all controls.
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