Cases reported "Goiter, Nodular"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/17. Visualisation of a paraganglioma by technetium-99m-sestamibi scintigraphy.

    A 68-yr-old woman presented to our observation with multinodular goiter and a contiguous right laterocervical mass. In spite of ultrasound, technetium and iodine scan, CT and fine-needle biopsy, the precise origin of the mass remained uncertain. On additional multi-phase sestamibi scan, the neck region showed an early high uptake rapidly decreasing over time in the laterocervical mass, and a persistent inhomogeneous distribution in the thyroid gland. This behavior suggested that the laterocervical mass could derive from an anatomical structure other than the thyroid. Surgical exploration established the extrathyroid nature of the laterocervical mass and the histological examination confirmed that it was a typical paraganglioma. This finding is in keeping with a recent report of positive sestamibi uptake in a cervical paraganglioma, although our case showed a more rapid kinetic. This tumor should be therefore taken into consideration in the differential interpretation of focal sestamibi uptake.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = neck
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/17. A case of extraadrenal pheochromocytoma associated with adrenal cortical nodular hyperplasia and papillary thyroid carcinoma.

    A 64-year-old woman was admitted in November, 1996 for fluctuating blood pressure. There was multinodular goiter in her neck. High urine VMA and serum aldosterone were noted. Computed tomography showed an oval lesion in the left adrenal gland. Left adrenalectomy was performed and the pathology was proved to be adrenal cortical nodular hyperplasia. Fluctuating blood pressure and high urine VMA persisted after the operation. CT scan of the abdomen revealed a soft tissue mass in lower abdomen. The patient was admitted again in September, 1997. Laboratory examinations showed normal serum aldosterone, normal plasma renin activity and high urine VMA. Aspiration cytology of the thyroid gland disclosed papillary thyroid carcinoma. [131I]-metaiodobenzylguanidine image revealed a high uptake lesion in the right L-3 paravertebral area. Tumor excision and thyroidectomy were performed. The pathology was reported as extraadrenal pheochromocytoma and papillary thyroid carcinoma. Papillary thyroid carcinoma is rarely associated with pheochromocytoma. To our knowledge, this paper is the first report of a patient with extraadrenal pheochromocytoma associated with papillary thyroid carcinoma and adrenal cortical nodular hyperplasia.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = neck
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/17. Anaplastic thyroid cancer with transient thyrotoxicosis: case report and literature review.

    A 55-year-old woman with anaplastic thyroid carcinoma presented with hyperthyroidism and neck swelling, hoarseness, and cervical lymphadenopathy. On physical examination, she was found to be clinically hyperthyroid with an enlarged, nontender multinodular goitre. Her serum thyroid hormone levels confirmed hyperthyroidism and technetium-99m pertechnetate scan failed to visualize the thyroid gland. Open biopsy showed an invasion of the thyroid gland by anaplastic thyroid carcinoma. The thyrotoxic phase lasted 60 days with predominantly increased thyroxine level and triiodothyronine/thyroxine (T3/T4) ratio decreased below 15. The thyrotoxic period was followed by subclinical hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism which continued until she died of lung metastasis.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = neck
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/17. Plummer's disease with spontaneous progression to hypothyroidism.

    A case of Plummer's disease that spontaneously progressed to hypothyroidism is presented. A 49-year-old female visited our hospital because of a 3 kg decrease in body weight during the previous month and a painless nodule in the right anterior area of her neck. A diagnosis of Plummer's disease was made based on the results of thyroid function tests, thyroid scintigrams, and an ultrasonogram, but the patient's disease followed an usual clinical course. About two months later, she gradually developed manifestations of permanent hypothyroidism, and anti-thyroid autoantibodies became positive. In spite of continuous administration of levothyroxine sodium, uptake of 99mTcO4- to the nodule was unchanged or rather increased according to the consecutive thyroid scintigraphies. These results suggested that this case represented an autonomously functioning nodule with underlying silent thyroiditis and Hashimoto's disease.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = neck
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/17. Fine needle aspiration cytology, histology and MIB-1 proliferative index in a case of dyshormonogenetic goitre.

    The fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytologic findings along with histology and MIB-1 proliferative index in a case of dyshormonogenetic goitre is presented. A 12-year old female child from non-endemic zone presented with a isotopically cold solitary thyroid nodule with a history of goitre being present since birth. Past history of any neck irradiation or maternal ingestion of any goitrogen during the antenatal period and family history of goitre were negative. FNA cytology revealed an extremely cellular preparation with predominantly microfollicular pattern without colloid. Nuclei were round to oval, slightly enlarged with evenly distributed chromatin and inconspicuous nucleoli. Larger tissue fragments also showed foci of solid cell groups with nuclear crowding, overlapping and loss of polarity in addition to the prevalent microfollicular pattern. Occasional tissue fragments showed solid groups of trapped follicular epithelial cells in the matrix of fibrocollagenous tissue. histology showed an intensely hyperplastic follicular cells with nodule formation, irregular fibrosis, pseudo capsular or vascular wall invasion mimicking malignancy. immunohistochemistry for calcitonin was negative but thyroglobulin was positive. MIB-1 (Ki-67) proliferation index varied from 0.05 to 0.26 (mean 0.13) in the hyperplastic nodules versus 0.9 to 2.1 (mean 1.34) in the hyperplastic solid microfoci scattered amidst the grossly normal appearing thyroid tissue. The possible cytologic diagnostic pitfalls in favor of follicular neoplasm is discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = neck
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/17. A case of mediastinal goiter.

    A case of mediastinal goiter in a 51-year-old female is reported. She demonstrated an abnormal shadow on chest X-ray but there were no clinical symptoms. Tumors were recognized in the isthmus of the thyroid and mediastinum on CT scan and MRI. These two tumors were resected via standard neck skin incision and sternotomy. At surgery, we found no communication between the two tumors. Following Rives' classification, the mediastinal tumor in this case was diagnosed as aberrant mediastinal goiter. Pathological diagnoses of both tumors were adenomatous goiter.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = neck
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/17. Neural tumours of the neck presenting as thyroid nodules: a report of three cases.

    OBJECTIVES: Neural tumours of the neck may at times secondarily involve the thyroid and manifest clinically as thyroid nodules. On cytological evaluation these nodules may be confused with other spindle lesions of the thyroid. We report two cases of schwannoma and one case of a malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour (MPNST) of the neck, which presented as thyroid nodules and evaluate the role of cytology in identifying these tumours. methods: The thyroid nodules in all the three cases were sampled by the non-aspiration technique using a 23-gauge needle. Both alcohol-fixed and air-dried smears were prepared and stained by the Papanicolaou and May-Grunwald-Giemsa stains. Cytology smears and histology sections from the resected specimens were reviewed, and the findings noted. RESULTS: Both the cases of schwannoma were correctly identified on cytology while the case of MPNST could only be typed as a spindle cell tumour. However, on cytology it was not possible to state whether the tumours were thyroidal or extrathyroidal in origin. CONCLUSIONS: Schwannomas of the neck are easily identifiable on cytology compared with MPNST. However, cytology alone is not helpful in identifying the origin of these tumours. As primary neural tumours of the thyroid are rare, the possibility of a soft tissue neural tumour extending into the thyroid should always be ruled out while evaluating these cases.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 7
keywords = neck
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/17. Aggressive fibromatosis of the neck initiated after thyroidectomy.

    We describe the case of a 44-yr-old woman, who 2 yr after thyroidectomy for a multinodular goiter with a follicular adenoma showed a rapidly growing mass of the neck causing dysphagia and moderate pain. Fine needle aspiration biopsy revealed the presence of fibroblast-like cells, partially with atypical features and no colloid: the cytological diagnosis was suspicious for an indeterminate (mesenchymal) neoplasm. Histological diagnosis, after extensive surgery, indicated aggressive fibromatosis. immunohistochemistry was positive for vimentin and negative for thyroglobulin. After surgery, nuclear magnetic resonance showed a persistent mass of approximately 2 cm; dysphagia and pain persisted. Therefore, the patient received external radiation therapy (total dose 60 Gy) with clinical benefit. The patient is without symptoms 1 yr after surgery.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = neck
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/17. Ectopic thyroid tissue in the lower neck with a coexisting normally located multinodular goiter and brief literature review.

    Ectopic thyroid tissue in the lower neck with a coexisting normally located multinodular goiter is a rare entity. We present a 27-year old asymptomatic woman with a recent history of a painless mass in the left side of her lower neck. thyroid function tests were normal. An ultrasound of her neck showed a multinodular goiter and a 3.4 cm solid mass in the left lower cervical area. These findings were confirmed by an MRI scan of her neck. The Tc99m Pertechnetate scan showed the presence of a functioning area under the left lobe of the thyroid gland. The patient underwent surgery. The cervical mass was identified as a structure separate from the left lobe of the thyroid, without any attachments to the body of the gland and was uniformly resected. A subtotal thyroidectomy was also performed. The histology revealed that the separate structure represented ectopic thyroid tissue. The patient had an uneventful postoperative recovery, subsequent to which she was euthyroid and had normal calcium levels.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 8
keywords = neck
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/17. Euthyroid goitre and sleep apnea.

    A number of predisposing factors (obesity, nasal obstruction, adenoidal hypertrophy, macroglossia, etc) have been related to obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). In addition hypothyroidism and large goitres have been reported to be associated to OSAS, but this association has not been adequately studied. We describe an obese patient with euthyroid goitre associated with OSAS. The patient showed a body mass index (BMI) of 47 and a large neck with a circumference of 60 cm. The flow-volume curve demonstrated an expiratory plateau suggesting an intrathoracic upper airway obstruction. Arterial blood gas analysis results were: pH 7.39; PCO2 54.2 mmHg; P O2 47 mmHg. Nocturnal polisomnography showed an apnea/hypopnea index (AHI) of 31 episodes/hour. Upper airway collapse was overcome by a nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) of 14 cmH2O. weight loss obtained by a hypocaloric diet was not accompanied by any OSAS improvement. After thyroidectomy, a nCPAP of 4 cmH2O was sufficient to prevent upper airway closure. Discontinuation of nCPAP treatment for 4 consecutive nights did not determine worsening of sleep apnea symptoms, nor a worsening of overnight oxymetry. A new polysomnography carried out after 4 nights off nCPAP showed an AHI of 33 episodes/hour. OSAS should be suspected in patients with large goitres. Decisions regarding discontinuation of nCPAP treatment after thyroidectomy should be based on polisomnographic results.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = neck
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Goiter, Nodular'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.