Cases reported "Gonadal Dysgenesis"

Filter by keywords:

Retrieving documents. Please wait...

1/264. The same mutation affecting the splicing of WT1 gene is present on frasier syndrome patients with or without Wilms' tumor.

    Denys-Drash and Frasier syndromes are rare human disorders that associate nephropathy with gonadal and genital abnormalities. In DDS there is a predisposition to Wilms' tumor. Heterozygous point mutations in the Wilms' tumor, type1 gene (WT1), particularly those altering the zinc finger (ZF) encoding exons, have been reported in most DDS patients, while mutations in intron 9 of the same gene cause FS. This paper describes two cases of DDS, one FS and one patient with Wilm's tumor and intersex genitalia, in which mutations were searched by sequencing the exons 8 and 9 of WT1 gene. Patient 1 carried a missense point mutation in exon 8 (ZF2), converting a CGA-Arg codon to a TGA-stop codon. Patient 2 presented a single nucleotide deletion within exon 9 (ZF3) introducing a premature chain termination at codon 398. patients 3 and 4 had a C-->T transition at position 4 of the second alternative splice donor site of exon 9 (this mutation was detected in peripheral blood and in tumor derived dna of patient 3). However, patient 3 had previously developed a Wilms' tumor. This is the first case of Wilms' tumor development in a phenotypically and genetically confirmed case of FS. ( info)

2/264. prenatal diagnosis of 46,XX male fetuses.

    ultrasonography can accurately determine phenotypic sex differences from those of the genetic sex. Two cases were identified; they were the result of a translocation of the SRY gene from the y chromosome to the x chromosome during meiosis. An ultrasonographic difference may represent an otherwise unsuspected genetic abnormality. ( info)

3/264. Severe mixed connective tissue disease in a woman with pure gonadal dysgenesis: estrogens do not influence disease expression.

    mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) is more prevalent in women during the child bearing years, suggesting that estrogens may play a role in disease expression. We describe a woman who developed MCTD despite pure gonadal dysgenesis, i.e., a disease associated with permanently very low plasma levels of estrogens. The onset of MCTD and subsequent life threatening disease course over 15 years occurred while she declined exogenous hormonal replacement therapy. Concurrent presence of estrogens is not necessary for onset, persistence, or exacerbation of severe MCTD. ( info)

4/264. risk of gonadoblastoma in female patients with y chromosome abnormalities and dysgenetic gonads.

    We report two female patients with gonadal dysgenesis and sex chromosome mosaicism involving the y chromosome. Conventional karyotyping was supplemented with fluorescent in situ hybridisation techniques in order to confirm the presence of Y chromosomes. One patient is a phenotypic female with karyotype 45,X/46,X,idic(Y)(q11.2). She underwent a laparoscopic gonadectomy at which streak ovaries without evidence of gonadoblastoma were removed. The second patient presented as a virilised female with karyotype 45,X/47,XYY. At laparoscopy, she was found to have mixed gonadal dysgenesis with a gonadoblastoma in situ. We recommend early gonadectomy in female children presenting with gonadal dysgenesis and the presence of a y chromosome although once the gonadoblastoma locus on y chromosome gene has been cloned it may be possible to identify those patients who have a low risk of developing gonadoblastoma. ( info)

5/264. FISH and PCR analysis of the presence of Y-chromosome sequences in a patient with Xq-isochromosome and testicular tissue.

    Mixed gonadal dysgenesis includes a heterogeneous group of different chromosomal, gonadal, and phenotypic abnormalities, characterized by the presence of a testis on one side and streak or an absent gonad on the other, persistence of mullerian duct structures and/or wolffian derivatives, and a variable degree of genital ambiguity. Here, we describe a patient with virilized external genitalia and phenotypic features of turner syndrome, whose blood karyotype was 45,X/46,X,i(Xq). The presence of a unilateral dysgenetic testis was confirmed by histopathology. Using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based analysis to detect Y-specific sequences, Y-chromosome material was not detected. To date, this is the first case reported of Xq-isochromosome associated with the presence of testicular tissue. ( info)

6/264. A frame shift mutation in the dna-binding domain of the androgen receptor gene associated with complete androgen insensitivity, persistent mullerian structures, and germ cell tumors in dysgenetic gonads.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe the molecular, cytogenetic, immunohistochemical, and endocrinologic characteristics of a young 46,XY female with persistent mullerian structures and germ cell tumors in dysgenetic gonads. DESIGN: Descriptive case study. SETTING: Mackay Memorial Hospital and National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, taiwan. PATIENT(S): A 22-year-old 46,XY female with persistent mullerian structures, a low level of serum testosterone, and no apparent adnexal masses. INTERVENTION(S): Laparoscopic removal of the dysgenetic gonads. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Detection of an androgen receptor gene mutation by a semiautomated dna sequencer, of the chromosomal complement by cytogenetic examination, of placental alkaline phosphatase activity by immunohistochemical analysis, and of neoplasms in dysgenetic gonads by histologic studies. RESULT(S): A unilateral gonadoblastoma and a contralateral gonadoblastoma associated with a dysgerminoma were found in the excised gonads. The tumors had a 46,XY complement. Placental alkaline phosphatase was present in the tumor cells. A frameshift mutation in the dna-binding domain of the androgen receptor gene was detected in the patient's blood and the tumor tissues. A five-nucleotide "AGGAA" deletion at codons 608 and 609 of the androgen receptor gene resulted in a missing arginine and lysine as well as a frameshift that introduced a stop codon 12 amino acid downstream from the mutation. CONCLUSION(S): Molecular genetic analysis of the androgen receptor gene aids in the rapid diagnosis of complete androgen insensitivity irrespective of atypical clinical phenotypes and endocrinologic parameters. ( info)

7/264. gonadal dysgenesis and Rokitansky syndrome. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Primary amenorrhea and lack of sexual development occur in gonadal dysgenesis due to missing ovaries. Primary amenorrhea with sexual development occurs in Rokitansky syndrome due to absence of the uterus, with normal ovarian function. The association of these two conditions has been previously described as a rare event. CASE: A 19-year-old woman presented with primary amenorrhea and lack of secondary sexual characteristics. physical examination confirmed the absence of mammary development and of pubic and axillary hair. Pelvic ultrasound disclosed absence of the uterus and ovaries. Gonadotropin serum levels were in the menopausal range, and the karyotype showed two mosaic cell lines, 45,X/46,Xdic(X). Scanning of a large number of cells by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization showed 12% of cells with a dicentric x chromosome. Laparoscopic study confirmed the absence of the uterus and ovaries, with normal fallopian tubes. CONCLUSION: This patient had two anomalies affecting reproductive performance, gonadal dysgenesis and congenital absence of the uterus, the first associated with an abnormal karyotype; the second seems to have occurred coincidentally. At this time there is no treatment for the reproductive dysfunction. ( info)

8/264. Identification of a new missense mutation (Gly95Glu) in a highly conserved codon within the high-mobility group box of the sex-determining region Y gene: report on a 46,XY female with gonadal dysgenesis and yolk-sac tumor.

    leydig cells and sertoli cells of the testes produce hormones that cause male differentiation, if receptors are present. The Y chromosomal SRY gene (sex determining Region Y gene) acts as TDF and is required for regular male sex determination. SRY represents a transcription factor belonging to the superfamily of genes sharing the HMG-box motif(high-mobility group-box), which acts as dna binding region. Here, we describe a nonmosaic XY sex-reversed female with pure gonadal dysgenesis (46,XY karyotype, completely female external genitalia, normal mullerian ducts, absence of wolffian ducts, streak gonads) who harbored a yolk-sac tumor and was referred for the assessment of primary amenorrhea. Using genomic PCR analysis, a 423-bp PCR product, encompassing the HMG-box of the SRY gene, was amplified from the proposita, her father, and her three brothers, whereas no band was visible in the patient's mother and her three sisters. The PCR products were sequenced for mutations subsequently. A new de novo missense mutation within the HMG-box of the SRY gene was discovered in the proposita. A G is replaced by an A in codon 95 at position 284, resulting in the replacement of the nonpolar aminoacid glycine by the polar amino acid glutamate. The glycine at codon 95 is highly conserved between the family of HMG-box proteins and between species. This point mutation has not been described earlier and brings the total number of SRY mutations described so far to 36, each mutation being unique. This mutation was not detected in the patient's father and her male siblings. The present data provide further evidence to support the functional importance of the putative dna binding activity of the SRY HMG-box domain. ( info)

9/264. Short stature homeobox-containing gene duplication on the der(X) chromosome in a female with 45,X/46,X, der(X), gonadal dysgenesis, and tall stature.

    We report on a Japanese female with 45,X[40]/46,X, der(X)[60], primary amenorrhea, and tall stature. She was confirmed to have complete gonadal dysgenesis at 19 yr of age and was placed on hormone replacement therapy. growth assessment revealed that she had a low normal height until her early teens, but continued to grow with a nearly constant height velocity in her late teens, attaining a final height of 172 cm ( 2.9 SD), which surpassed her target height range. fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis for 10 loci/regions on the X-chromosome together with the whole X-chromosome and the Xp-specific and Xq-specific paintings showed that the der(X) chromosome was associated with duplication of roughly distal half of Xp, including SHOX (short stature homeobox-containing gene), and deletion of most of Xq. Microsatellite analysis for eight loci at Xp22 and nine loci at Xq26-28 indicated that the normal X-chromosome was of maternal origin, and the der(X) chromosome was of paternal origin. The results, in conjunction with the adult height data in 47,XXX, 46,XX gonadal dysgenesis, 47,XXY, 46,XY gonadal dysgenesis, and 46,X, idic(Xq-), suggest that the tall stature of this female is caused by the combined effects of SHOX duplication on the der(X) chromosome and gonadal estrogen deficiency. Furthermore, the similarity in the growth pattern between this female and patients with estrogen resistance or aromatase deficiency implies that the association of an extra copy of SHOX with gonadal estrogen deficiency may represent the further clinical entity for tall stature resulting from continued growth in late teens or into adulthood. ( info)

10/264. A case of XY pure gonadal dysgenesis with 46,XYp-/47,XXYp- karyotype whose gonadoblastoma was removed laparoscopically.

    A case of pure gonadal dysgenesis was investigated. The patient was an 18-year-old Japanese woman with a history of primary amenorrhea. She had poorly developed breasts, a hypoplastic uterus, a normal vagina and infantile genitalia. The patient's karyotype was 46,XYp-/ 47,XXYp-. Microsatellite analysis revealed that the X chromosomes of this patient originated from one of the two maternal X chromosomes. dna analysis of the y chromosome revealed that she had a deletion of SRY (the sex-determining region on the y chromosome). She underwent laparoscopic gonadectomies with a final pathology consistent with gonadoblastoma. Laparoscopic surgery is recommended as it is much less invasive and associated with rapid postoperative recovery. ( info)
| Next ->

Leave a message about 'Gonadal Dysgenesis'

We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.