Cases reported "granular cell tumor"

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1/284. Multiple cutaneous granular cell tumors of the scrotum.

    A 55-year-old black man with two firm intradermal nodules of the scrotum is presented. On histopathologic examination, the nodules were determined to be cutaneous granular cell tumors. This was confirmed by strong immunohistochemical reactivity to S-100 protein. There are no previous reports of multiple granular cell tumors of the male genitalia. Only one report of a solitary granular cell tumor of the scrotum appears in the literature. ( info)

2/284. Granular cell tumour of the ulnar nerve.

    Although granular cell tumours have been demonstrated to have a neural origin, they rarely arise in peripheral nerve trunks. We report a case of granular cell tumour of the ulnar nerve in a 51-year-old man. Though dissectable from the nerve, this intraneural tumour showed microscopic involvement of focal nerve fibres. This tumour tended to infiltrate the nerve in the same manner as a neurofibroma. ( info)

3/284. granular cell tumor of the subcutis: CT and MRI findings. A report of three cases.

    Three cases of granular cell tumor (GCT) of the subcutis are presented. Computed tomography showed a mass isodense with muscle with an ill-defined margin. magnetic resonance imaging showed a mass with inhomogeneous low signal intensity on both T1- and T2-weighted-images. Another characteristic feature of subcutaneous GCT is its attachment in part to muscle. Histological examination confirmed the diagnosis in all cases. ( info)

4/284. Malignant granular cell tumor at the retrotracheal space.

    We report a case of an extremely rare neoplasm, malignant granular cell tumor (MGCT). The patient was a 21-year-old woman, who was 5 months pregnant. The tumor occurred in the retrotracheal space, extending from the level of the larynx to the thoracic inlet. In addition, there were multiple, variable-sized tumor nodules within both lung fields on chest CT scan. Histologically, tissue biopsied from the periphery of the tumor consisted of solid sheets of large ovoid cells with ample, eosinophilic cytoplasm, eccentric nuclei, and prominent nucleoli. Each cell showed slight atypism of the nuclei. There was a focal necrosis at the periphery of the lesion. These cells stained strongly for S-100 protein, neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and CD68. On electron microscopy, the tumor cells contained autophagic vacuoles. The patient refused further treatment and died 7 months later. The exact cause of death was not known. Until now, the diagnosis of MGCTs has been made only when metastasis and an aggressive clinical course are identified, although some observers advocate that some histologic features such as nuclear pleomorphism, necrosis, and the presence of any mitotic activity are indicative of malignancy. These histologic findings are not easily detectable in every case of MGCT, as in our case. So the diagnosis of a MGCT should be considered in cases with aggressive clinical findings and some histologic features, such as necrosis, nuclear atypism, and mitotic activities, which could suggest the malignant behavior of this neoplasm. ( info)

5/284. granular cell tumor of the breast: report of a case.

    A case of granular cell tumor of the breast in a 43-year-old woman is described. The patient presented with a painless mass in the upper-outer quadrant of her right breast. mammography showed a spiculated tumor and ultrasonography demonstrated a hypoechoic mass with an irregular border. Magnetic resonance (MR) mammography revealed a homogeneous enhanced mass in T1-weighted images using Gd-DTPA and a ringed high-intensity area around the mass in T2-weighted images. Fine-needle aspiration cytology failed to show any malignant cells. A partial resection of the breast was performed and histological examination revealed a granular cell tumor. Granular cell tumors are generally always benign, but they may be misdiagnosed as malignant tumors because of their mammographic and ultrasonographic findings. MR mammography did not reveal a typical breast cancer in either T1- or T2-weighted images in the present case. This case illustrates the need for care in preoperative examinations in order to avoid overdiagnosis of breast cancer. ( info)

6/284. Congenital CD34-positive granular cell dendrocytosis.

    Granular cell tumors involving the skin are mostly acquired lesions. The Schwann cell origin of these lesions is supported by positive immunostaining for S-100 protein and myelin basic protein. S-100- granular cell lesions rarely have been described in association with fibrous papules or dermatofibromas. The congenital variety of S-100- granular cell tumors occurs almost exclusively in the gingiva. The cell origin of these lesions is not well delineated. We report a hitherto undescribed case of a congenital cutaneous lesion which is histologically characterized by diffuse dermal infiltrates of S-100- but CD34 granular dermal dendrocytes. The granular appearance of these CD34 dendrocytes is attributed to an abundance of phagolysosomes. The pathogenetic mechanism of this unusual lesion remains to be elucidated. ( info)

7/284. Immunoreactivity in granular cell tumours of the larynx.

    OBJECTIVE: To elucidate histogenesis and behaviour of laryngeal granular cell tumours (GCT) and to determine the role of p53 protein expression in these lesions. methods: The clinical, pathological and immunohistochemical findings of three cases of laryngeal GCTs are described. RESULTS: All tumours were surgically excised and appeared histologically benign. Pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia, mitosis and nuclear pleomorphism were not found in any of the three cases. All lesions were negative for keratin 8, desmin and actin. Only one case stained for collagen IV. Positive staining was found for S-100 protein and CD68 in all tumours. Ki-67 and Bcl-2 staining was confined to occasional cells. p53 reactivity was seen in all tumours; positivity ranged from 35 to 42%. The three patients have remained free of disease without complications up to 10 years after treatment. CONCLUSION: Immunohistochemical findings support benign behaviour and a Schwann cell origin for laryngeal GCT. The expression of p53 by granular cells is unclear but appears to be unrelated to behaviour. ( info)

8/284. Features of benign granular cell tumor on fine needle aspiration.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe the cytomorphologic features of benign granular cell tumor (GCT) on fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy and discuss the differential diagnosis. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed three fine needle aspirates of surgically confirmed benign GCT. Immunocytochemical staining for S-100 was performed on the aspirate smear in one case. RESULTS: Two GCT were thigh lesions, where lipoma and fibromatosis were the leading clinical diagnosis, and the third was a breast mass clinically suspected to be a fibroadenoma. All FNA specimens were highly cellular and composed of fairly uniform cells with eccentric, round-to-slightly oval nuclei and abundant, finely granular cytoplasm. The cells were fragile, with stripped nuclei in a background of finely granular material. Occasional cells with nuclear pleomorphism and small-but-conspicuous nucleoli were identified. There was no evidence of necrosis or mitotic activity. Rare intranuclear cytoplasmic inclusions were identified in two cases. The granular cells were immunoreactive for S-100 in the case studied. CONCLUSION: Benign GCT has a distinctive cytomorphologic appearance that permits its diagnosis on FNA. High cellularity, occasional cells with nuclear pleomorphism and prominent nucleoli are features that can be present in benign GCT. Mitotic figures and necrosis should be identified before a diagnosis of malignancy is rendered. ( info)

9/284. granular cell tumor with cirrhosis and transplantation.

    granular cell tumor is a rare cause of hepatic dysfunction. We report here on a patient who underwent liver transplantation for this ailment. In our literature review, the common bile duct was most commonly involved (56%). A wide variety of therapies were advanced for this type of lesion, spanning three decades of care. Twenty-eight patients (49%) had no follow-up reported, and another 2 (3%) were found at autopsy. Sixteen patients (28%) were followed more than 1 year, with 72% followed less than 1 year if at all. We present the first case of a granular cell tumor being treated with liver transplantation. Although adequate early excisional surgery should obviate the need for transplantation in these cases, widely disparate therapy and poor follow-up may mask generally inadequate therapy for this lesion. The authors recommend thorough excision and long-term follow-up for patients with this entity to avoid secondary biliary cirrhosis and to eliminate the preventable need for transplantation. ( info)

10/284. Prenatal ultrasound detection of a congenital epulis in a triple X female fetus: a case report.

    A case of congenital epulis in a triple X infant, whose intra-oral mass was first detected on a 33-week prenatal ultrasound, is described. Two previous ultrasound studies performed at 21 and 28 weeks' gestation showed normal facial anatomy, suggesting accelerated tumour growth during the third trimester. Genetic amniocentesis also showed the infant to possess a 47, XXX karyotype. ( info)
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