Cases reported "Granuloma, Foreign-Body"

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11/45. Histopathologic study of the temporal bones and Eustachian tubes of children with cholesterol granuloma.

    Six temporal bone-eustachian tube (ET) specimens with cholesterol granuloma (CG), obtained from 6 children 6 months to 15 years of age, were studied histopathologically to obtain further information about the pathogenesis of CG. We observed CG in the mastoid air cells in 5 ears, the mastoid antrum in 1 ear, the aditus ad antrum in 2 ears, and the epitympanum in 1 ear. All 6 cases exhibited a large amount of remaining mesenchyme that was in continuity with the hematopoietic bone marrow in the locations in which CG was present. All cases demonstrated otitis media with effusion and inflammation of the ET. Apparent morphological abnormalities of the ET and its associated structures, including hypoplastic ET cartilage and an abnormal tensor veli palatini muscle, were noted in 3 of the 6 cases. Furthermore, the posterior cartilaginous portion of the ET that includes its narrowest portion was completely filled with effusion in 2 of the 3 cases with the ET anomaly. The findings obtained were compared with data from age-matched control cases. Our results suggest that the source of erythrocytes in the remaining mesenchyme is the hematopoietic bone marrow. The pathogenesis of CG in children is likely promoted by ET dysfunction resulting in failure of ventilation of the middle ear.
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12/45. Pathogenesis of orbital cholesterol granuloma.

    Two cases are presented of orbital cholesterol granuloma associated with gradual proptosis arising in men aged 35 and 41 years. Computed tomography demonstrated osteo-lytic masses in the frontal bone at the lacrimal fossa. curettage revealed a characteristic histology of foreign body reactions surrounding cholesterol clefts. In both cases abnormal bone, more consistent with fibrous dysplasia than reactive change, was found at the periphery. The finding of abnormal bone associated with orbital cholesterol granulomas suggests that a pre-existing bone anomaly may be present in a subset of these cases.
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13/45. A foreign body embedded in the mobile tongue masquerading as a neoplasm.

    foreign bodies in a mobile tongue are rarely presented to the laryngologist, because such bodies are commonly lodged superficially and are easily removed by the patients themselves or by general practitioners. Thus, it is rare that a foreign body totally embedded in the mobile part of the tongue presents as an enlarged tongue mass. We have described a 64-year-old female with a 3-month history of an enlarged mass in the anterior right tongue. physical examination showed a mass located in the anterior right tongue, with intact mucosa and normal color. A benign tongue neoplasm was considered first. However, a fish bone totally embedded in the mobile tongue with granuloma formation was encountered during the incisional biopsy operation. Complete removal of the foreign body with granuloma was achieved under local anesthesia. There was no neuromuscular or neurosensory deficit of the tongue in the follow-up period of 2 years. Although an embedded foreign body in the mobile tongue is a rare condition, it should be considered in the work-up of a patient with an enlarged tongue mass, with or without a history of swallowing a foreign body.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = bone
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14/45. Fluordeoxyglucose positron emission tomography detection of inflammatory reactions due to polyethylene wear in total hip arthroplasty.

    A patient experienced chronic pain 8 years after total hip arthroplasty. radiology and bone scanning showed no signs of aseptic loosening, but fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography ((18)F-FDG-PET) showed intensive glucose metabolism in the joint capsule and around the prosthesis neck. The surgical intervention revealed soft tissue reaction in this area. Histologic examination showed a granulomatous foreign body reaction against polyethylene debris particles. infection and rheumatoid arthritis could be excluded clinically, histologically, microbiologically, and with the bone scan. Therefore, FDG-PET detected inflammatory reaction caused by polyethylene wear in total hip arthroplasty and allowed clinicians to decide on interventions, including removal of granulomatous tissue and the replacement of worn artificial joint components to prevent aseptic loosening.
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ranking = 0.28571428571429
keywords = bone
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15/45. cholesterol granuloma of the cerebello-pontine angle.

    An unusual case of cholesterol granuloma of the temporal bone is described presenting as a cerebellopontine tumor. This lesion seemed to arise from an inflammatory process obstructing pneumatized cells. It consists of extradural granulation tissue and must be distinguished from intradural epidermoid cyst, which is, instead, a dysembryogenetic neoplasm. Simple drainage of the granuloma was accomplished by posterior fossa approach, but the lesion recurred after a year. The diagnosis and surgical management of cholesterol granuloma are discussed.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = bone
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16/45. Image guided surgery for petrous apex lesions.

    OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether computer-assisted frameless stereotactic navigation in the temporal bone provides sufficient clinical application accuracy and thus a useful tool in temporal bone surgery. methods: Two patients with petrous apex cholesterol granuloma were operated on by an epidural middle fossa approach using a Stealth/Medtronic trade mark neuronavigation system. Based on literature data optimal skin fiducial placement and registration methods were used. Intra-operative accuracy was checked using three precise anatomical landmarks. Drilling of the petrous apex bone was guided by neuronavigation. Postoperative Computed Tomography (CT) images were fused with the preoperative CT and planning. RESULTS: The application of image-guidance in temporal bone surgery causes no additional burden to the patient nor prolongs the operating time. The accuracy measured at the anatomical landmarks was under 2,0 mm. This is confirmed by evaluation of bone removal through image fusion of pre- and postoperative CT-scan. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical application of a neuronavigation system during petrous apex surgery can be regarded as useful. Using all available data on registration methods it seems possible to obtain intra-operative application accuracies of <2,0 mm. Additional cadaver work is being performed to support these data.
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ranking = 0.71428571428571
keywords = bone
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17/45. Bone wax as a cause of a foreign body granuloma in a cranial defect: a case report.

    Bone wax was used to stop bleeding of the diploic vessels after harvesting cranial bone for reconstruction of an orbital floor defect. After five months a fistula in the overlying skin of the donor site appeared and was eventually surgically explored. Remnants of bone wax and surrounding inflammatory tissue were removed and the fistula was excised. Histological examination revealed a foreign body granuloma. The use of bone wax and possible alternative local haemostatic agents and their complications are discussed.
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ranking = 0.42857142857143
keywords = bone
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18/45. Orbitofrontal cholesterol granuloma: percutaneous endoscopic-assisted curettage.

    This paper describes the use of endoscopic visualization in curettage of orbital cholesterol granuloma (OCG). Two males aged 54 and 50 years presented with orbitofrontal cholesterol granulomas arising in the superolateral frontal bone and abutting the dura. The granulomas were approached via a superior eyelid crease incision and a 70 degree rigid endoscope was used to visualize curettage of the granuloma from the inner surface of the frontal bone and the dura. Both patients made an uncomplicated recovery and there was no recurrence at eight months and two years follow up. Percutaneous endoscopic curettage is an alternative to blind curettage, lateral orbitotomy or frontal craniotomy for OCG.
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ranking = 0.28571428571429
keywords = bone
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19/45. Nasal augmentation using calcium phosphate cement.

    This report describes a simple technique for augmentation rhinoplasty using calcium phosphate cement paste for postoperative and posttraumatic nasal deformities. This biomaterial was used to correct traumatic nasal bone deformity in one patient and for augmentation rhinoplasty after removal of the nasal implant in two patients. These patients were followed for a minimum 6 months and a maximum of 26 months. The esthetic results were satisfactory with no complication. calcium phosphate cement consisting of alpha-tricalcium phosphate, dicalcium phosphate dibasic, and tetracalcium phosphate monoxide has been used for bone replacement and augmentation because of its good biocompatibility and osteoconductivity. This technique is easy and safe. It seems to be a suitable material for augmentation rhinoplasty in the Orient. Its long-term safety and reliability require proof with longer follow-up periods, however.
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ranking = 0.28571428571429
keywords = bone
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20/45. Bronchial entrapment of a chicken bone for 14 years.

    Prolonged airway entrapment of a foreign body is a rare occurrence. We report a case of a chicken bone retained in the right main bronchus for 14 years and highlight the importance of a foreign body in the airway in the differential diagnosis of chronic and intractable cough.
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ranking = 0.71428571428571
keywords = bone
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