Cases reported "Granuloma, Giant Cell"

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1/11. Gingival fibromatosis combined with cherubism and psychomotor retardation: a rare syndrome.

    Gingival fibromatosis is frequently an isolated condition, but rarely associated with some uncommon syndromes. This paper describes an 11-year-old patient with pronounced gingival enlargement, cherubic facial appearance, and psychomotor retardation and discusses the major aspects of the case. The most striking finding orally was the presence of grossly hyperplastic gingiva, which completely covered all teeth except the occlusal surfaces of some teeth. The swelling in the lower part of the face and the appearance of sclera beneath the iris suggest cherubism. The diagnosis was confirmed by the detection of giant cell regenerative granuloma and perivascular eosinophilic particles and osteoclasts after biopsy of the mandible. In this case, surgery was the only effective way to treat the patient. A full-mouth gingivectomy procedure was performed under general anesthesia in 2 stages. The case was followed for 12 months and no recurrence was seen. An appropriate oral hygiene regimen was established.
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2/11. cherubism: clinicopathologic features.

    A case of cherubism in 6-year-old boy is reported. He presented with bilateral symmetrical enlargement of the jaw in addition to medially dislocated premature teeth, narrow V-shaped palatal vault, and mild upward turning of the eyes. Radiographs showed multiloculated osteolysis in both the mandible and maxilla. histology revealed a non-neoplastic fibrous lesion, rich in multinucleated giant cells, consistent with giant-cell reparative granuloma. Since the original description of cherubism, various histologic interpretations have been proposed, particularly that of fibrous dysplasia. However, it should be emphasized that cherubism is a disease histologically indistinguishable from giant-cell reparative granuloma.
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3/11. cherubism and its charlatans.

    cherubism is a rare hereditary condition characterised by progressive cystic proliferation of the mandible and maxilla in childhood, followed by post-pubertal involution of the process and jaw remodelling in adulthood. Its name is derived from the cherubic appearance that results from the jaw hypertrophy. Here, we present the case of a young boy with cherubism, in the context of his pedigree, to illustrate the clinical characteristics and their variable expression. We also seek to distinguish cherubism from central giant cell granuloma and giant cell tumour of the jaws, with which it holds a false synonymity.
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4/11. Giant cell reparative granuloma of the orbit associated with cherubism.

    PURPOSE: To report a case of cherubism with extensive, bilateral orbital involvement occurring in a 27-year-old woman who had the diagnosis established at the age of 4 years. DESIGN: Single interventional case report. INTERVENTION: Ophthalmologic examination and computed tomography were performed. The patient underwent multiple surgical excisions using a bicoronal and transorbital approach. The excised orbital tissues were studied histopathologically. RESULTS: Computed tomography showed bilateral inferior lateral masses involving the orbital floors and producing marked superior displacement of the orbital contents. The intrinsic expansile bone lesions involved the inferior and lateral orbital walls with apical compression of the optic nerves. Histopathologic examination of the masses revealed scattered giant cells in a fibroblastic stroma containing small vascular channels. The lesion was interpreted as giant cell reparative granuloma. CONCLUSIONS: Giant cell reparative granuloma is an uncommon bone lesion that might involve the orbit. cherubism should be included in the differential diagnosis of lesions that show the histopathologic features of giant cell reparative granuloma.
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5/11. cherubism: diagnosis, treatment, and comparison with central giant cell granulomas and giant cell tumors.

    An extensive case of cherubism in a 17-year-old girl with no apparent familial history is presented. The rationale for treatment is presented and is compared with previous reports that have advocated nontreatment. The clinical and histologic similarities of cherubism to central giant cell granuloma and the giant cell tumor of bone are also discussed.
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6/11. Enlarging soft tissue mass involving the mandibular left alveolar ridge.

    The central giant-cell granuloma is a benign, fairly uncommon lesion that can appear clinically and radiographically similar to many other lesions. When histopathological examination discloses a giant-cell lesion of bone, clinical, radiographic, and laboratory data must be obtained and carefully analyzed to rule out such conditions as hyperparathyroidism, Paget's disease, and cherubism, and to confirm the diagnosis of central giant-cell granuloma. Once the diagnosis is established, thorough curettage or surgical excision of the tumor is recommended to assure complete removal. Although recurrence is rare, periodic postoperative examination is also suggested.
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7/11. Central giant cell granuloma or cherubism. Report of a case.

    Central osseous tumors, which are radiographically multilocular and have multinucleated giant cells microscopically, present the surgeon and the pathologist with a diagnostic dilemma. In the case presented here the histologic diagnosis of central giant cell granuloma conflicts with the presentation of an atypical case of cherubism. Central giant cell granuloma and cherubism are discussed briefly, and the necessity of basing the final diagnosis on clinical presentation is demonstrated.
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8/11. Multiple central giant cell lesions with a Noonan-like phenotype.

    A small number of patients with the phenotypic features of noonan syndrome have also developed giant cell lesions of the jaws similar to those seen in cherubism. This case report describes an individual with the features of the recently described Noonan-like/multiple giant cell lesion syndrome. Previously reported cases and issues relative to diagnosis and management are considered.
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9/11. Maxillary giant cell reparative granuloma.

    "Giant cell reparative granuloma" was introduced into medical literature by Jaffe in 1953. Prior to that time most authors considered this lesion to be a variant of the benign giant cell tumor of the long bones, or a giant cell variant of osteitis fibrosa. Bernier and Cahn established the subdivision between the rare central giant cell reparative granuloma and the common peripheral epulis. In the past, considerable emphasis has been placed on the importance of differentiating the true giant cell tumor from the giant cell reparative granuloma of the jaw bones. Most authors now believe the true giant cell tumor does not appear in the jaw bones except in rare cases associated with Paget's disease of the skull. Developing from membranous, rather than cartilaginous, ossification might account for this. Both peripheral and central intraosseous lesions, parathyroid osteopathy and the pathologic tissue of cherubism show no appreciable histologic difference. These tumefactions are histologically a proliferative fibroblastic lesion with multinucleated giant cells. The histopathology of the giant cell tumor of the long bones is probably identical to the histopathology of the giant cell reparative granuloma of the jaw bones. The diagnosis of giant cell reparative granuloma must be made by physical examination, history, laboratory, X-ray parameters and clinical follow-up. Localized maxillary swelling is the most important clinical feature. The swelling is smooth and palpation can reveal a rubbery, elastic sensation where bone has been thinned. There are no specific radiographic signs. Conservative surgical management is indicated and adequate for giant cell reparative granulomas. radiation is not indicated because of long term risks. steroids have not been proven useful.
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10/11. Giant cell lesions complicating fibro-osseous conditions of the jaws.

    Three patients who presented with giant cell lesions complicating ossifying fibroma, Paget's disease, and cherubism are reported. The giant cell lesions complicating ossifying fibroma and cherubism were diagnosed as giant cell granuloma (GCG), whereas the lesion complicating Paget's disease demonstrated more aggressive clinical and histologic features. The possible therapeutic and prognostic implications of these findings are discussed.
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