Cases reported "Granuloma, Giant Cell"

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1/355. Gingival fibromatosis combined with cherubism and psychomotor retardation: a rare syndrome.

    Gingival fibromatosis is frequently an isolated condition, but rarely associated with some uncommon syndromes. This paper describes an 11-year-old patient with pronounced gingival enlargement, cherubic facial appearance, and psychomotor retardation and discusses the major aspects of the case. The most striking finding orally was the presence of grossly hyperplastic gingiva, which completely covered all teeth except the occlusal surfaces of some teeth. The swelling in the lower part of the face and the appearance of sclera beneath the iris suggest cherubism. The diagnosis was confirmed by the detection of giant cell regenerative granuloma and perivascular eosinophilic particles and osteoclasts after biopsy of the mandible. In this case, surgery was the only effective way to treat the patient. A full-mouth gingivectomy procedure was performed under general anesthesia in 2 stages. The case was followed for 12 months and no recurrence was seen. An appropriate oral hygiene regimen was established. ( info)

2/355. Myocardial sarcoidosis in forensic medicine.

    Sudden death is the most common manifestation of myocardial sarcoidosis, which is often clinically silent. The disease is rarely encountered in forensic medicine, but the diagnosis is important because it may change the interpretation of the manner of death and thus have insurance implications. Six cases of myocardial sarcoidosis diagnosed at autopsy are reported, and the significance of the findings is discussed. ( info)

3/355. Giant cell reparative granuloma of the orbit.

    PURPOSE: To report a case of giant cell reparative granuloma occurring in the orbit and to discuss its clinical, radiologic, and histopathologic characteristics in contrast with other similar lesions. methods: A 38-year-old man developed pain and mild proptosis of the left eye. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated an intraosseous cystic orbital mass. Excisional biopsy disclosed giant cell reparative granuloma of the orbit. RESULT: At 11 months' follow-up, the patient had normal vision, with no tumor recurrence. CONCLUSION: Giant cell reparative granuloma of the orbit is a rare benign fibro-osseous proliferation that is generally seen in young adulthood. It should be considered in the differential diagnosis of orbital fibro-osseous proliferation. Surgical excision and curettage is the therapeutic method of choice. ( info)

4/355. Annular elastolytic giant cell granuloma: sparing of a burn scar and successful treatment with chloroquine.

    Annular elastolytic giant cell granuloma is a rare granulomatous skin disease characterized by phagocytosis of elastic fibres by multinucleated giant cells. Lesions are either solitary or grouped in a few annular patches with elevated borders and central atrophy. Sun-exposed areas are more commonly involved than covered skin. The pathogenesis of the disease is still controversial. We report a 72-year-old fair-skinned woman with unusual clinical findings. An irregularly shaped erythematous plaque covered the entire face, and hundreds of lichenoid papules were present on both sun-exposed and covered areas which gradually evolved into annular lesions of about 0.5-1 cm in diameter. Sparing of an old burn scar and a nearly complete lack of elastic fibres in the scar site were noted, illustrating the presumed importance of dermal elastic tissue in the pathogenesis. The course of the disease is chronic. Several treatments have been tried, with variable success. In our patient, improvement was achieved with chloroquine over a period of 16 weeks. ( info)

5/355. cherubism: clinicopathologic features.

    A case of cherubism in 6-year-old boy is reported. He presented with bilateral symmetrical enlargement of the jaw in addition to medially dislocated premature teeth, narrow V-shaped palatal vault, and mild upward turning of the eyes. Radiographs showed multiloculated osteolysis in both the mandible and maxilla. histology revealed a non-neoplastic fibrous lesion, rich in multinucleated giant cells, consistent with giant-cell reparative granuloma. Since the original description of cherubism, various histologic interpretations have been proposed, particularly that of fibrous dysplasia. However, it should be emphasized that cherubism is a disease histologically indistinguishable from giant-cell reparative granuloma. ( info)

6/355. Non-ossifying fibromas and giant cell reparative granulomas in a child with ocular-ectodermal syndrome.

    We report on a patient with ocular-ectodermal syndrome who was previously described in 1993 [Am J Med Genet (1993) 45:764-766]. This boy has now developed additional manifestations, including giant cell granulomas and non-ossifying fibromas. This adds to the list of phenotypic manifestations of this condition. ( info)

7/355. Giant cell reparative granuloma: a case report.

    Giant cell reparative granuloma (GCRG) is an infrequent benign lesion with undetermined etiopathogenesis affecting the maxillary and mandibular bone and, rarely, the skull. It is also extremely rare in the sphenoid bone. GCRG is usually diagnosed by histologic examination of bone lesions. We report a case of GCRG originating from the sphenoid bone. Computerized tomography revealed an expansile lesion with thinning or destruction of the cortical bone. The lesion itself was slightly hyperdense with good but inhomogeneous contrast enhancement. Reported magnetic resonance image findings showed hyperintensity on both T1-weighted and T2-weighted images and variable contrast enhancement. Plain skull radiographs usually reveal a lytic lesion within the bone. ( info)

8/355. Treatment of central giant cell granuloma of the jaw with calcitonin.

    Giant cell granuloma of the jaw is a benign lesion that may cause local destruction of bone and displacement of teeth. The common therapy is curettage or resection, which may be associated with loss of teeth and, in younger patients, loss of dental germs. An alternative treatment has recently been introduced, in which patients receive a daily dose of calcitonin. Four patients who have been treated with calcitonin in various concentrations for at least 1 year are reported. In all patients, complete remission of the giant cell granuloma was observed, without signs of recurrence. The working mechanism of calcitonin is discussed, as are length of treatment and optimal dose. ( info)

9/355. An aggressive peripheral giant cell granuloma in a child.

    An 11-year-old boy was evaluated for a maxillary lesion that had been increasing in size over a six-month period. Intraoral examination revealed a firm ulcerated lesion on the maxillary posterior alveolus, which was displacing teeth. The lesion was painful and easily bled during mastication. An incisional biopsy of the lesion resulted in the diagnosis of peripheral giant cell granuloma. The patient was taken to the operating room for excision of the lesion and extraction of involved teeth. The patient was followed for a period of six months with no recurrence. ( info)

10/355. Idiopathic giant-cell granulomatous hypophysitis mimicking acute meningitis.

    A 32-year-old woman presented with severe headache, photophobia, fever, nausea, vomiting, and worsening vision. She had also noted several months of amenorrhea. She was febrile to 38.9 degrees C. Laboratory evaluation revealed a markedly elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate. Lumbar puncture revealed a cerebrospinal fluid lymphocytic pleocytosis and an elevated protein level. Endocrine studies revealed evidence of panhypopituitarism without diabetes insipidus. A magnetic resonance imaging study showed a 2-cm pituitary mass with optic chiasmal compression. The patient had a trans-sphenoidal resection of the mass. pathology revealed multinucleated giant cells in necrotic debris, but no evidence of pituitary tumor. Studies looking for evidence of systemic granulomatous disease were negative. The patient was considered to have idiopathic giant-cell granulomatous hypophysitis. After surgery, the patient's vision improved and hormone replacement therapy was initiated. This case illustrates that idiopathic giant-cell granulomatous hypophysitis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a patient presenting with a pituitary mass, hypopituitarism, and meningitis-like symptoms. ( info)
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