Cases reported "Granuloma"

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1/244. Superficial and deep granulomatous lesions caused by trichophyton violaceum.

    A patient with cutaneous and reticulo-endothelial lesions, lymphadenopathy and osteitis caused by trichophyton violaceum is presented. Two types of skin lesions were found: 1. Erythematous, scaly plaques on the arms, chest and abdomen; 2. areas of diffuse infiltration, granulomatous ulceration, fistulation and destruction of the sternal bone. Long-term treatment with penicillin, streptomycin, sulfonamides, and griseofulvin, gave temporary improvement.
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ranking = 1
keywords = bone
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2/244. Histopathology and electron and immunofluorescence microscopy of gingivitis granulomatosa associated with glossitis and cheilitis in a case of Anderson-fabry disease.

    A 17-year-old white boy with signs, symptoms, and family history of angiokeratoma corporis diffusum universale, Anderson-fabry disease (AFD), developed recurrent and then persistent swelling of both lips, erythematous hyperplastic gingivae, and a pebbled tongue. Positive blood findings were raised serum IgE, decreased T-cell level, and increased B-cell level. Histopathology of the gingiva showed noncaseating granulomas with multinucleate giant cells containing Schaumann bodies and large plasma-cell infiltrates in which immunofluorescence demonstrated immune globulins of several classes. Electron microscopy and histochemistry demonstrated ceramide in the vasculature. No glycolipid was found in the macrophages or giant cells of the granulomas which, in contrast, resembled sarcoid reactions. plasma cells with Russell bodies and immune reaction-induced degranulation of mast cells were also identified. The pathogenesis of the oral findings possibly relates to altered immune reactivity associated with damage to the microvasculature analogous to that in melkersson-rosenthal syndrome.
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ranking = 311.20524166998
keywords = macrophage
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3/244. Xanthogranulomatous oophoritis--a case report.

    This is a case of a 25 year old unmarried women who presented with intermittent fever and lower abdominal pain. laparotomy revealed a large cystic left sided tuboovarian mass adherent to surrounding structures and containing foul smelling fluid. microscopy showed extensive replacement of the ovary by a chronic inflammatory exudate composed predominantly of foamy macrophages.
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ranking = 311.20524166998
keywords = macrophage
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4/244. Fibro-osseous lesions of the central nervous system: report of four cases and literature review.

    Fibro-osseous lesions, also reported as calcifying pseudoneoplasms of the neural axis, are uncommon lesions of the CNS. We report four additional cases: two extraaxial and two intraaxial, in patients ages 33, 47, 49, and 59 years at presentation. Fibro-osseous lesions involving the CNS demonstrate variable proportions of fibrous stroma, bone, palisading spindle to epithelioid to multinucleated cells in association with a highly distinctive, perhaps pathognomonic, chondromyxoid-like matrix often distributed in a nodular pattern. This histopathologically distinctive lesion can be seen in many regions of the neuraxis, often with a dural association, and most commonly along the vertebral column. It appears to be a slow-growing lesion and, with wide excision, the prognosis is excellent. The etiology remains unclear, but the preponderance of data favors a reactive rather than neoplastic process. If this putative pseudotumor is not recognized histopathologically, a neoplastic or infectious differential might result in inappropriate investigations and potentially harmful therapies.
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ranking = 1
keywords = bone
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5/244. liver granulomatosis is not an exceptional cause of hypercalcemia with hypoparathyroidism in dialysis patients.

    In 4 of our patients on chronic dialysis, we were intrigued by the association of hypercalcemia /- hyperphosphatemia and normal intact PTH, with anicteric cholestasis without cytolysis. This picture occurred in 2 patients after they resumed dialysis because of a transplant rejection and in a third one after discontinuation of corticosteroids, prescribed for an idiopathic thrombocytopenia. No patient was under calcitriol, CaCO3 therapy, and their hypercalcemia persisted on a low calcium dialyzate (1.25 mmol/l). Obvious etiologies of hypercalcemia were not found: vitamin d or A intoxication, hyperparathyroidism, aluminum intoxication, hemopathy, hiv infection. The hypothesis of a granulomatous disease was made and a liver biopsy was performed showing granulomas with giant epitheloid cells. In one case foreign material (silicon ?) was present in the macrophages. Extensive investigations for sarcoidosis, tuberculosis and mycosis were negative. In 2 cases the so-called "dialysis" granulomatosis actually occurred in transplanted patients, suggesting the role of a transplantation related factor (toxic or virus). In the last case HCV seroconversion was present. In the 4 cases, corticotherapy led to the disappearance of hypercalcemia and to an increase of PTH. Our patients had the biological pattern of low bone turnover disease (hypercalcemia and normal intact PTH) and bone biopsy performed in 2 showed osteomalacia or ABD without aluminum. The association of this pattern with cholestasis should evoke liver granulomatosis, which should be confirmed by a liver biopsy and lead to a treatment by corticosteroids. The masking effect of previous corticoid therapy for transplantation should be pointed out. In 2 cases serial monitoring of plasma calcitriol showed a relation between decreasing high normal calcitriol with prednisone and normalization of calcemia, suggesting the role of inappropriate synthesis of calcitriol by the granuloma. In conclusion, liver granulomatosis should be looked for in dialysis patients on the association of unexplained hypercalcemia and normal PTH with anicteric cholestasis, and confirmed by a liver biopsy. Although still of unknown etiology, its evolution is favourable under corticotherapy.
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ranking = 313.20524166998
keywords = macrophage, bone
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6/244. Erdheim Chester disease: a rare cause of knee and leg pain.

    A case of Erdheim Chester disease in a 51-year-old Turkish patient is described. Erdheim Chester disease is a rare form of lipoid granulomatosis. knee and leg pain are the most common symptoms, and physicians working in orthopaedics and traumatology are the first to be consulted. Our patient demonstrated a typical bilateral, symmetric sclerosis of the metaphyseal region of long bones of the lower extremity, histologic examination revealed foamy, lipid-loaded histiocytes. The patient also suffered from arterial hypertension, diabetes insipidus and exophthalmos of the left eye. The diagnosis was confirmed by a bone biopsy, and the patient was treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids and vincristine.
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ranking = 2
keywords = bone
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7/244. Generalized granuloma annulare associated with granulomatous mycosis fungoides.

    We describe a 68-year-old man with plaque stage mycosis fungoides (MF) for 8 years. He developed tumorous lesions of granulomatous MF (GrMF) and generalized granuloma annulare (GA) after a previously indolent clinical course. Since then, the clinical course was aggressive with involvement of the bone marrow and lymph nodes, and leukemic change occurred. Systemic chemotherapy was given, but the patient died 9 months later due to neutropenic fever and septic shock. GA in malignant lymphoma has been reported most frequently in association with Hodgkin's disease. To the best of our knowledge, GA associated with GrMF has never been reported in the English language literature. The prognostic significance of the association of granulomatous inflammation and malignancy is reviewed. copyright (R) 2000 S.Karger AG, Basel
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ranking = 1
keywords = bone
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8/244. Thorotrast-induced haemangioendothelial sarcoma--a lesson from the past.

    Complications following a carotid arteriogram done in 1947 with Thorotrast are described in a 47-year-old man who subsequently died from them in 1970. They included a local cervical granuloma with associated haemangioendothelial sarcoma, chromosome changes characteristic of radiation damage and widespread haemangioendothelial sarcomatous deposits in brain, lung, liver, probably arising from multicentric primary sites in the bone marrow. A survey of the use of Thorotrast as a contrast medium in australia and new zealand showed that its use was extremely limited. The prinicpal complications seen have been two cervical granulomas and one hepatoma.
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ranking = 1
keywords = bone
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9/244. Orbital cholesterol granuloma with destruction of the lateral orbital roof.

    PURPOSE: Orbital cholesterol granuloma in a 51-year-old man is described. methods: Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were done. RESULTS: Both studies showed a mass in the left orbit, with evidence of orbital roof destruction in the CT scan. On the basis of clinical and imaging findings, a diagnosis was made of malignant orbital tumor with destruction of the lateral orbital roof. Surgical exploration revealed a thickly encapsulated mass densely adherent to the left superior orbital bone and periosteum. Although the dura mater was intact, bone destruction in the lateral orbital roof was seen. The entire mass was successfully excised and histopathological evaluation was performed. Histopathology showed numerous inflammatory cells, blood degradation products, and cholesterol clefts. The absence of epithelial elements led to the diagnosis of cholesterol granuloma. CONCLUSIONS: Care must be taken to differentiate cholesterol granuloma from malignant orbital tumor. CT scan and MRI imaging seem well-suited to detecting the characteristic findings of cholesterol granuloma.
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ranking = 2
keywords = bone
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10/244. q fever after a journey in syria: a diagnosis suggested by bone marrow biopsy.

    A Belgian patient developed q fever after a journey in syria. coxiella burnetii infection was diagnosed because of the presence of granulomas with a central vacuole in a bone marrow biopsy. During doxycycline treatment all his symptoms disappeared.
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ranking = 5
keywords = bone
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