Cases reported "Growth Disorders"

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1/98. Characterization of a partial trisomy 16q with FISH. Report of a patient and review of the literature.

    Characterization of a partial trisomy 16 q with FISH: Report of a patient and literature review: We report on a 28-year-old male patient with severe growth and mental retardation, severe behavioural problems, especially automutilation, and a spastic quadriplegia. He showed no specific dysmorphism. The karyotype was 46, XY, dir dup(16) (q11.2-q13). The clinical and cytogenetical findings are compared with 3 previously reported cases with proximal duplication 16q.
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ranking = 1
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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2/98. trisomy 2q35-q37 due to insertion of 2q material into 17q25: clinical, cytogenetic, and molecular cytogenetic characterization.

    We present a 7-year-old boy with growth retardation, developmental and mental delay, and minor physical abnormalities. The patient had a male karyotype with duplicated material of unknown origin in the long arm of chromosome 17. The origin of the duplicated material was clarified by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Forward chromosome painting showed that the extra material originated from chromosome 2, which was inserted into 17q25. Further characterization of the aberrant chromosome 17 by microdissection and reverse chromosome painting revealed a duplication of bands 2q35 to q37.1. To our knowledge, no other individual with a duplication of this small segment has been described so far. The clinical findings of 13 cases with isolated trisomy 2q are reviewed in relation to the size of the duplicated region. Functional analysis of the duplicated 2q region suggests that critical loci for visceral and central nervous system development in distal trisomy 2q are proximal to 2q33.
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ranking = 0.1193599708274
keywords = trisomy
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3/98. prenatal diagnosis of a fetus with a cryptic translocation 4p;18p and wolf-hirschhorn syndrome (WHS).

    wolf-hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is caused by distal deletion of the short arm of chromosome 4 and is characterized by growth deficiency, mental retardation, a distinctive, 'greek-helmet' facial appearance, microcephaly, ear lobe anomalies, and sacral dimples. We report a family with a balanced chromosomal translocation 4;18(p15.32;p11.21) in the father and an unbalanced translocation resulting in partial monosomy 4 and partial trisomy 18 in one living boy and a prenatally diagnosed male fetus. Both showed abnormalities consistent with WHS and had in addition aplasia of one umbilical artery. karyotyping of another stillborn fetus revealed a supernumerary derivative chromosome der(18)t(4;18)(p15.32;p11.21) of paternal origin and two normal chromosomes 4. The umbilical cord had three normal vessels. A third stillborn fetus with the same balanced translocation as the father had a single umbilical artery and hygroma colli.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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4/98. Molecular cytogenetic studies in three patients with partial trisomy 2p, including CGH from paraffin-embedded tissue.

    We report on three cases of partial trisomy 2p in which the identification and exact localization of the duplicated chromosome segment was possible only by application of molecular cytogenetic techniques. These included fluorescence in situ hybridization by use of wcp2, N-myc, and subtelomeric 2p probes and comparative genomic hybridization with dna isolated from blood samples, frozen fetal tendon, and formalin fixed, paraffin-embedded fetal lung tissue. Two of the cases concerned fetuses of gestational week 20 and 24 with duplication of nonoverlapping terminal (2pter-->p24) and more proximal (2p25-->p23) segments and with distinctly different phenotypes. The third case was due to a de novo inverted duplication of 2p25-->p23, with loss of the subtelomeric region of 2p. This 53-month-old girl was a bloom syndrome carrier. The patient had prenatal growth failure, borderline microcephaly, dilated lateral horns of the cerebral ventricles, transient cortical blindness, myopia, muscle hypotonia, and dilatation of the left renal collecting system. Dermal cysts were found on the glabella, the soles of both feet, and the vocal cord, causing respiratory embarrassment. Previously reported cases of pure trisomy 2p are reviewed, in an attempt to correlate clinical findings to overlapping regions in 2p. These cases illustrate the effectiveness of molecular cytogenetic methods in resolving subtle chromosomal aberrations in order to coordinate more accurately a chromosome regionspecific phenotype.
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ranking = 1.0596799854137
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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5/98. trisomy 7p resulting from 7p15;9p24 translocation: report of a new case and review of associated medical complications.

    The authors report on a young girl with generalized developmental deficits originally thought to be caused by an unusual reaction to DPT vaccination. At the age of 4(1/2) years, chromosome analysis showed that the terminus of the short arm of chromosome 9 had extra material believed to originate from 7p terminus, thus she was considered to be trisomic for a segment of 7p and monosomic for a small portion of 9p [46,XX,der (9), t(7;9)(p15;p24)]. Ten years later, molecular cytogenetic testing using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) confirmed that the extra chromosomal material represented partial trisomy 7p. The proposita had a high and large forehead, hypertelorism, and broad nasal bridge, findings seen in most individuals with trisomy 7p. Long-term follow-up showed the presence of hypothyroidism, obesity, and cerebral palsy. A review of all published cases of trisomy 7p with focus on associated complications suggests a well-defined pattern of abnormalities characterized by musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, neurological, genital, and ocular abnormalities in decreasing frequency. At least one-third of affected individuals died in infancy and close to half had severe mental retardation. FISH was essential in the confirmation of the cytogenetic abnormality and further delineation of the chromosomal disorder.
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ranking = 0.3193599708274
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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6/98. insulin-like growth factor serum concentrations reflect insufficient growth in a hypoplastic infant with partial trisomy 9q in the 12th week of life.

    This report presents changes of IGFs and IGFBPs in a female infant with partial trisomy 9q in the 12th week of life. Studying deficient growth in this hypoplastic infant (birth weight 1405 g, birth length 36 cm) with dysmorphic features, the following changes in IGFs and IGFBPs were detected (microg/l): IGF-I: 26.5 vs 48.1 in healthy infants; IGF-II: 420 vs 728; IGFBP-2: 931 vs 524; IGFBP-3: 800 vs 1070. This demonstrates that IGFs and IGFBPs may reflect individual insufficient growth even at this early age.
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ranking = 1
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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7/98. trisomy iop. A report of two cases due to a familial translocation rcp (10;21) (pII;pII).

    trisomy for the short arm of chromosome number 10 was diagnosed (by a G-banding method) in two sisters with multiple congenital defects. Their mother and two other sisters showed a balanced translocation 46,XX rcp(10;21)(p11;p11), so the affected girls were the result of a maternal adjacent-1 meiotic segregation with a karyotype 46,XX, der(21), rcp(10;21)(p11;p11)mat. The concordant features in the abnormal patients constitute the following syndrome: severe psychomotor retardation, congenital microsomatia, mild hydrocephalus with cranium-face disproportion, low set ears with hypoplastic helix, ocular colobomata, pulmonary stenosis,flexion deformity of wrists and elbows, bilateral fifth finger clinodactyly and simian creases, hypoplastic dermal ridges, bilateral talipes, persistent icterus and delayed bone age. The phenotypical and cytogenetic findings permit the individualization of the 10p trisomy.
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ranking = 0.059679985413701
keywords = trisomy
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8/98. An inherited translocation t(4;15) (p16;q22) leading to two cases of partial trisomy 15.

    A four year old girl with severe mental retardation and multiple congenital abnormalities manifested "partial trisomy 15". Her mother, pregnant at the time of examination, possessed a balanced translocation which, after banding techniques, was identified as t(4;15)(p16;q22). Amnio-centesis revealed the karyotype of the fetus to be identical to that of the proposita and a therapeutic abortion was performed. Prenatal investigation of a subsequent pregnancy revealed a normal male karyotype. Comparison of the proposita and aborted fetus of this family with the 5 reported other cases of "partial trisomy 15" does not allow for a precise recognizable clinical syndrome.
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ranking = 1.2
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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9/98. trisomy iop.

    A stillborn male fetus having a trisomy of the short arm of chromosome No 10 is described. The father is a carrier of the reciprocal translocation 46XY,t(10;21) (10pter leads to 10p11::21p11 leads to 21qter). The clinical picture included growth retardation, bilateral cleft lip and palate, micrognathia, short neck, microphalus and bilateral clubbed feet. The long bones were markedly thinned with spontaneous fractures. autopsy findings included pulmonary hypoplasia and renal dysplasia. Previous reports of trisomy 10 and trisomy of the short arm of chromosome 10 are discussed.
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ranking = 0.1790399562411
keywords = trisomy
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10/98. Maternal uniparental heterodisomy of chromosome 14: chromosomal mechanism and clinical follow up.

    To our knowledge, 22 cases of chromosome 14 maternal uniparental disomy (UPD(14)mat) have been reported so far. The majority of cases were ascertained because of an abnormal phenotype associated with a Robertsonian translocation involving chromosome 14. We report here on a child with UPD(14)mat detected prenatally and resulting from trisomy rescue in a maternal meiosis I non-disjunction trisomic zygote. After four years of clinical follow up, in addition to intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), only short stature and small hands and feet were observed. These clinical data as well as the ascertainment and mechanism of origin of UPD(14)mat were compared with those observed in previously reported cases. It appears that the clinical spectrum of UPD(14)mat is milder in our patient than in patients with UPD(14)mat resulting from other chromosomal mechanisms. In addition, a hypothesis based on abnormal imprinting is proposed to explain the variability of the UPD(14)mat.
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ranking = 0.059679985413701
keywords = trisomy
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