Cases reported "HIV Infections"

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11/13. Neuroretinitis, aseptic meningitis, and lymphadenitis associated with bartonella (Rochalimaea) henselae infection in immunocompetent patients and patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1.

    bartonella (Rochalimaea) henselae causes a variety of diseases, including bacillary angiomatosis, peliosis hepatis, lymphadenitis, aseptic meningitis with bacteremia, and cat-scratch disease (CSD). Cases of B. henselae-related disease were collected from September 1991 through November 1993. patients with suspected CSD, unexplained fever and lymphadenitis, or suspected B. henselae infection who were seen in the Infectious Diseases Clinic at Wilford Hall Medical Center (Lackland air Force Base, TX) underwent physical and laboratory examinations. In addition to three previously described cases, 23 patients with R. henselae-related infection were identified. The patients included 19 immunocompetent individuals presenting with lymphadenitis (11), stellate neuroretinitis (5), Parinaud's oculoglandular syndrome with retinitis (1), chronic fatigue syndrome-like disease (1), and microbiologically proven adenitis without the presence of immunofluorescent antibodies to B. henselae (1) and four patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 presenting with isolated lymphadenitis (1), diffuse upper-extremity adenitis (1), neuroretinitis (1), and aseptic meningitis (1). A couple with neuroretinitis and their pet cat, a persistently fatigued patient, and a patient with Parinaud's oculoglandular syndrome were shown to have bacteremia. Tissue cultures were positive for B. henselae in three recent cases of adenitis. Twenty-two patients were exposed to cats. This series further demonstrates the similarities between B. henselae-related diseases and CSD and identifies several new syndromes due to B. henselae.
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ranking = 1
keywords = angiomatosis
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12/13. Kaposi's sarcoma versus bacillary angiomatosis.

    persons with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) are subject to a host of pathologic entities secondary to a depressed immune system. Kaposi's sarcoma frequently presents in this immunocompromised population and, therefore, diagnosis seems clinically straightforward. However, because of the prevalence of a strikingly similar infectious disease known as bacillary angiomatosis, skin biopsy of one or more lesions is crucial.
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ranking = 5
keywords = angiomatosis
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13/13. Bone bacillary angiomatosis in an hiv-infected patient.

    Bacillary angiomatosis (BA) is a recently discovered multisystem bacterial infectious disease seen in the setting of immune suppression due to the human immunodeficiency virus (hiv). A case of an hiv-infected patient with osteolytic bone involvement is reported.
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ranking = 5
keywords = angiomatosis
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