Cases reported "Hallux Valgus"

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1/2. An unusual case of painful phantom-limb sensations during regional anesthesia.

    OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to describe a late-onset phantom-limb pain during a continuous analgesic popliteal nerve block after foot surgery and its alleviation and recurrence when stopping and resuming the local anesthetic infusion. CASE REPORT: A 29-year-old woman undergoing a left hallux valgus repair received a continuous popliteal sciatic nerve block for postoperative analgesia. Postoperatively, 6 hours after the commencement of a ropivacaine 0.2% infusion, she reported feelings of tingling, clenching pain, and missing-limb sensation below the ankle. The surgical site remained painless. sensation elicited by touch and propioception were normally perceived. Only sensations for pinprick and heat were impaired. The ropivacaine infusion was stopped, followed 2.5 hours later by the complete regression of any abnormal sensation. Meanwhile, pain at the surgical site was scored at 50 mm on a 100-mm visual analogic scale. As the infusion of ropivacaine was resumed, the abnormal sensations reappeared. The catheter was removed, and abnormal sensations again disappeared. The patient was discharged from hospital without further complications. CONCLUSIONS: This observation suggests that phantom-limb pain can be of late-onset and might occur during a continuous infusion of low-concentration local anesthetic responsible only for an analgesic block, as shown by the fact that only thermal and pinprick sensations, known to depend on Adelta-fibers and C-fibers, were altered. Therefore, this case contradicts the usual belief that a profound block is necessary to elicit phantom-limb pain.
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ranking = 1
keywords = nerve block, block, nerve
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2/2. urinary incontinence after bilateral parasacral sciatic-nerve block: report of two cases.

    OBJECTIVE: The authors describe the occurrence of urinary incontinence after bilateral parasacral sciatic-nerve blocks. CASE REPORT: Two female patients scheduled for bilateral hallux valgus corrective surgery under bilateral parasacral sciatic-nerve block developed urinary incontinence manifested by 3 episodes of enuresis in the first 5 hours after surgery. physical examination revealed bilateral perineal and gluteal anesthesia and no bladder distention in both patients. Ten hours after block placement, both patients had recovered perineal sensibility and were able to control micturition. CONCLUSION: Given the anatomic relations between the sacral plexus and the autonomic and somatic afferent and efferent innervation of the bladder and urethra, the urinary incontinence observed in our 2 patients could be explained by loss of afferent activity by spread of the local-anesthetic solution to pelvic nerves, loss of the efferent innervation of the posterior urethral sphincter by spread of the local-anesthetic solution to the urethral branches of the hypogastric plexus, and loss of external urethral sphincter tonus by block of the pudendal nerves. Anesthesiologists should consider the possibility of occurrence of urinary incontinence when performing bilateral parasacral sciatic-nerve blocks.
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ranking = 3.4811284366686
keywords = nerve block, block, nerve
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