Cases reported "Hand Injuries"

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1/20. Partial transient osteoporosis of the hand.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe the radiographic and scintigraphic findings of partial transient osteoporosis (PTO) of the hand. To discuss the relationship of PTO and other localized demineralizing diseases. DESIGN AND patients: Three patients with PTO that affected two or three digits of the hand are reported. Two patients were middle-aged women and the third was a young man. All presented with a history of trauma to the hand. All patients experienced localized burning pain, swelling and vasomotor changes including redness of the skin, hyperhidrosis and signs of vasomotor instability of the involved fingers. Plain radiography and bone scanning were used in the diagnosis and follow-up of these cases. RESULTS: All patients had a radial distribution of the osteoporosis that involved adjacent rays. In all patients two rays were involved. The radiographic changes manifested as minimal patchy osteoporosis involving the cortical, cancellous, subarticular and subperiosteal bone with no articular involvement. The increased uptake on scintigraphy coincided with the radial distribution of the osteoporosis. All patients improved on physical therapy and were symptom-free approximately 6 months after the initial injury. These patients were followed up for more than 2 years. CONCLUSION: PTO of the hand is an uncommon disease with typical clinical and radiographic findings. Bone scintigraphy confirms the partial involvement of the hand.
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ranking = 1
keywords = ray
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2/20. Treatment of ununited fracture of the hook of hamate by low-intensity pulsed ultrasound: a case report.

    A patient presented 4 months after sustaining a fracture of the hook of hamate. x-rays and computed tomography scanning of the carpal tunnel confirmed the presence of an ununited fracture. Low-intensity ultrasound was applied to the fracture site. After 4.5 months of exposure to ultrasound, union was confirmed by both x-rays and computed tomography scanning of the carpal tunnel. (J Hand Surg 2000; 25A:77-79.
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ranking = 1.0001565321929
keywords = ray, x-ray
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3/20. amputation of the middle ray in the primary treatment of severe injuries of the central hand.

    Severe injury to the middle finger often compromises both the appearance and function of the hand. This report discusses the use of total middle ray amputation at the time of primary trauma surgery to avoid predictable problems that arise when the ray, or part of it, is retained. Primary ray amputation eliminates the defective middle finger, avoids a gap hand, and reunites the dissociated radial and ulnar segments of the hand to create a useful, three-fingered hand.
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ranking = 3.5
keywords = ray
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4/20. A stingray injury in a devotee of aquarium fishes.

    The stingray is one of the most dangerous fishes for man. The sting is poisonous and causes a painful wound. Fatalities are reported. Most injuries due to stingrays occur in coast regions of the tropics and subtropics. Therefore, physicians in countries with a moderate climate are less informed about the management about these kinds of injuries. The characteristics, treatment and prevention are discussed in connection with a case that occurred in belgium in a devotee of aquarium fishes.
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ranking = 3
keywords = ray
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5/20. Hyperbaric oxygen treatment in deep frostbite of both hands in a boy.

    An 11-year-old boy in good general health conditions suffered deep frostbite on six fingers while he was working without gloves as a beater during a hunt in poland at an outdoor temperature of -32 degrees C over a 4 h-period. Three days later he was first seen by a physician who planned to amputate the affected fingers. The patient was transferred by his family to our University Hospital in Aachen, germany. We found third degree frostbite on four fingers of the right and on two fingers of the left hand. Because of the late beginning of the therapy, the patient was treated by HBO(2) according to the Marx-schema for problem wounds (2,4 bar, total time at depth: 90 min, alternations of 100% O(2) and air breathing). HBO(2)-treatment was repeated daily for 14 days. No adverse events were recorded during the course of therapy. A total recovery of the severe frostbite was observed after 14 days of HBO(2)-treatment. Twenty-eight months after the injury the patient reports fully regained sensibility and no pain. The plain X-ray after this period showed no premature closure of the epiphyses or sclerosis of the metaphyses. Conclusions: Because of the low risk associated with HBO(2), and its potential therapeutic efficiency, HBO(2) should be recommended as adjunct therapy in the treatment of deep frostbite.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = ray
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6/20. Traumatic osmium tetroxide inoculation.

    osmium tetroxide is a highly oxidizing, corrosive compound commonly found in electron microscopy laboratories. Although osmium tetroxide is known to cause rapid damage to organic tissue, its cutaneous effects have not been well studied. We report a case of traumatic inoculation from a broken vial of 4% osmium tetroxide. Electron microscopy and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy confirmed the presence of osmium in the tissue specimen. The lesion was treated by simple excision.
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ranking = 0.50015653219288
keywords = ray, x-ray
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7/20. High-pressure cement injection injury of the hand: a case report.

    Modern equipment allows injection of substances at much higher pressures than previously. We describe a high-pressure cement injection injury to the hand and how its management differs from other injection injuries. This injury was treated by the established standard for this surgical wound: immediate debridement. The wound had the same mechanism, pathology, bacteriology, and treatment as other similar wounds. prognosis after high-pressure injection injuries, however, also depends on the substance injected. Treatment for cement injection injuries differs because of the unique properties of cement. Immediate intervention is necessary for decompression and minimization of chemical burn. Removing the final few fragments of cement after they have hardened may decrease the number of debridements and soft tissue destruction. Serial x-rays can be used to guide debridements, but if serial x-ray films are not obtained, a final x-ray is mandatory to ensure removal of all cement.
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ranking = 1.5004695965786
keywords = ray, x-ray
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8/20. The use of vascularized phalanx for the first metacarpal bone defect in a mutilating hand injury. Case report.

    In this case report, the use of middle phalanx of index finger for reconstruction bone defect of the first metacarpal is described. The reasons for this kind of usage and 1-year follow-up of the patient are discussed. During the follow-up, a pseudoarthrosis was observed in the repaired first ray. And this may be considered as a useful complication, when there is stiffness in the carpometacarpal joint. It may be a result of a stiff joint or vice versa.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = ray
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9/20. Pollicisation of the index metacarpal based on the first dorsal metacarpal artery.

    We present our experience of two cases in which we carried out pollicisation of the index metacarpal based on the first dorsal metacarpal artery and venae comitans. Both cases were complex severe hand injuries where the initial injury was the result of a firework exploding while held in the hand. In both cases the radial side of the superficial palmar arch was destroyed by the injury. In both cases there was virtually complete loss of the thumb ray and amputation of the index through the base of the proximal phalanx. A useful opposition post has been created from vascularised index metacarpal with free flap soft tissue reconstruction.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = ray
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10/20. Hand infections secondary to catfish spines: case reports and literature review.

    Catfish are one of the few freshwater fishes known to be venomous. Although "finning" of the hand is a frequent injury incurred by catfish anglers that results in intense pain, it rarely results in any long-term sequelae. We present three cases in which acute soft-tissue infections developed, necessitating ray amputations in two patients. The unique habitat and anatomy of the catfish are described and preventive and therapeutic measures are discussed.
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keywords = ray
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