Cases reported "Head Injuries, Closed"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/14. Spontaneous ventriculostomy: report of three cases revealed by flow-sensitive phase-contrast cine MR imaging.

    Spontaneous ventriculostomy is a rare condition that occurs with the spontaneous rupture of a ventricle, resulting in a communication between the ventricular system and the subarachnoid space. Three cases of spontaneous ventriculostomy through the floor of the third ventricle that occurred in cases of chronic obstructive hydrocephalus are presented. The communication was identified via flow-sensitive phase-contrast cine MR imaging. Spontaneous ventriculostomy is probably a result of a rupture of the normally thin membrane that forms the floor of the third ventricle and, with long-standing obstructive hydrocephalus, creates an internal drainage pathway that spontaneously compensates for the hydrocephalus.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/14. Spontaneous resolution of bilateral traumatic carotid cavernous fistulas and development of trans-sellar intercarotid vascular communication: case report.

    BACKGROUND: Bilateral carotid cavernous fistulas may complicate head injury. Spontaneous resolution of post-traumatic direct carotid cavernous fistula is rare. CASE DESCRIPTION We present a case of a 42-year-old female who developed post-traumatic high flow bilateral carotid cavernous fistulas with cortical and deep venous drainage, who had a spontaneous resolution with thrombosis of the cavernous sinus outlets bilaterally and development of a trans-sellar intercarotid vascular communication. To our knowledge this is the first reported case in the literature describing such a phenomenon. CONCLUSION Bilateral direct carotid cavernous fistulas may undergo spontaneous resolution and form a benign trans-sellar intercarotid vascular communication.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/14. Cognitive deficits due to asymmetrical bilateral thalamic lesions.

    The cognitive deficits are described in a 20-year-old right-handed man with asymmetrical bilateral thalamic lesions and a lesion resulting in the 'locked-in' syndrome. memory and intellectual assessment, modified due to the physical and communication difficulties, suggested that the patient had little impairment of verbal intelligence and performed normally on memory test involving immediate recall of new material. There was, however, considerable impairment of organization, planning and in the recall of visual and especially verbal memory, over longer periods. Remote memory was relatively intact, except for chronological errors in time-tagged material, and he was disoriented for year, month and day.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/14. Posttraumatic cerebrospinal fluid accumulation within the eyelid: a case report and review of the literature.

    history AND PRESENTATION. A case of a 3-year-old child with a right upper pulsatile eyelid swelling following a falling injury 3 months before is described. Computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a fracture of the orbital roof, a basofrontal dural tear and a direct communication of the cystic cavity with the subarachnoid space. TREATMENT AND OUTCOME. The patient underwent dural repair for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage and was discharged in good health.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/14. Restoration of intelligible speech 13 years post-head injury.

    This case study demonstrates the efficacy of treatment of a patient with severe dysarthria long after the accepted period of 'neurological recovery'. A physiological approach to treatment was utilized and resulted in a change from non-verbal communication to functional verbal communication.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/14. The use of discourse analyses for the evaluation of higher level traumatically brain-injured adults.

    Higher level traumatically brain-injured (TBI) adults often present a challenge in assessment as well as in the measurement of recovery. Traditional clinical measures of language abilities have not been adequate to identify and describe precisely what is deviant about their communication. Assessment has generally consisted of aphasia tests and measures of general cognitive abilities. Although such measures may be sensitive to deficits in lower level TBI patients or those in the early stages of recovery, their usefulness with higher functioning patients is questionable due to the often subtle nature of their residual communication problems. An overview of discourse analyses is presented and recent applications of these procedures with TBI patients reviewed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/14. Neurogenic stuttering as a manifestation of stroke and a mask of dysphonia.

    R. L. was a 52-year-old man who was referred for an SLP consultation to determine the nature of his fluency disorder, whether or not treatment would be beneficial, and finally whether resumption of pre-trauma vocational status was feasible. The patient was involved in a motor vehicle accident with no resulting detectable trauma. However, shortly after the accident, R. L. developed a severe dysfluency that was later described as cortical stuttering. We reviewed the medical and rehabilitation work-up that attempted to determine whether the communication disorder was functional or organic in origin. Once the fluency disorder was determined to be caused by a suspected small, focal, hemispheric lesion, a five-month treatment program was undertaken that used a noval prosthetic approach to restore fluency. Once fluency was restored with the use of an artificial larynx, a residual anomia was detected and treated. The case of R. L. illustrates a stuttering that appeared to be caused by a combined neurogenic dyspraxic (vocal control), dysarthric (motor control), and dysnomic (word-finding) dysfluency. The literature on this issue was reviewed and the underlying mechanism of recovery was discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/14. fistula of the posterior communicating artery and cavernous sinus.

    A 24-year-old man was admitted with conjunctival hyperemia of the left eye and progressive chemosis and proptosis 1 month after a head injury. An angiogram showed an arterial-cavernous sinus fistula of the posterior communicating artery, which was treated with minicoils. The atypical configuration, transvenous embolization, and unusual nature of the communication suggested that communication developed through a newly generated vessel in granulation tissue.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/14. Incidental teaching for training communication in individuals with traumatic brain injury.

    Although significant gains in acquisition of a variety of skills following traumatic brain injury have been demonstrated, generalization of acquired skills presents a formidable challenge. Incidental teaching procedures refer to a sequence of interactions between a trainer and a learner which take advantage of teaching opportunities that arise naturally in unstructured situations and appear to be particularly applicable to communication deficits common to persons with traumatic brain injury. This paper presents an overview of incidental teaching procedures and a case study in which incidental teaching procedures were utilized in a multiple-baseline fashion across three sequential environments to increase complete requesting skills. Results show that complete requesting increased to nearly 100% of the trials in each new environment upon procedural implementation, compared to extremely low baseline levels. In addition, significant increases in independently initiated, rather than cued, requests occurred within the first few treatment sessions. Implications of incidental teaching procedures and case study results are discussed with suggestions for future research.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2.5
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/14. Arachnoid cyst with traumatic intracystic hemorrhage unassociated with subdural hematoma.

    arachnoid cysts of the middle cranial fossa may manifest themselves in several different ways. Most often they remain asymptomatic and are only diagnosed incidentally on computed tomography or at autopsy. When they are symptomatic, headache, nausea, vomiting and seizures are most common in the patients with increased intracranial pressure. Increased intracranial pressure is caused by the ball-valve mechanism of the cyst's membrane which is in communication with the general subarachnoid space or arachnoid cells which contain specialized membranes and enzymes which have secretory activity. A significant number of middle cranial fossa arachnoid cysts are associated with subdural hematoma which may, in turn, be associated with intracystic hemorrhage. We report an unusual case with posttraumatic, isolated intracystic hemorrhage of the arachnoid cyst in the sylvian area without subdural hematoma.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Head Injuries, Closed'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.