Cases reported "Headache"

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1/1139. Possible manifestation of temporomandibular joint dysfunction on chiropractic cervical X-ray studies.

    OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to show that biomechanical alterations toward and away from normal on x-ray studies may be the result of changes in temporomandibular joint dysfunction and to discuss possible neurologic explanations for this phenomenon. CLINICAL FEATURES: Two patients are discussed; the first had migraine headache symptoms, and the second had chronic hypomobility of mandibular opening, dizziness, headache, and neck pain and stiffness. In both patients mensuration changes in different types of cervical x-ray studies were noted in conjunction with exacerbation of, and elimination of, temporomandibular joint dysfunction. INTERVENTION: Comanagement of these cases was done with dental professionals. chiropractic treatment included vectored/linear, upper cervical, high-velocity, low-amplitude chiropractic manipulation of the atlas vertebra, diversified manipulation, myofascial therapy, stretch and spray procedures, and soft tissue manual techniques. CONCLUSION: temporomandibular joint dysfunction may cause cervical muscular and spinal biomechanical changes that may become visible and change on x-ray examination. Further investigation into this phenomenon is recommended.
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keywords = headache
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2/1139. Pituitary macroadenoma manifesting as an isolated fourth nerve palsy.

    PURPOSE: To describe an unusual ophthalmic manifestation of a pituitary adenoma. methods: Case report. RESULTS: A 32-year-old man had left supraorbital and frontal headaches and new-onset vertical diplopia. Examination showed a left fourth nerve palsy and increased vertical fusional amplitudes. magnetic resonance imaging disclosed a sellar mass consistent with a pituitary macroadenoma. CONCLUSION: A pituitary adenoma may rarely manifest with an isolated fourth nerve palsy.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = headache
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3/1139. A case of amnestic syndrome caused by a subcortical haematoma in the right occipital lobe.

    A case of an amnestic syndrome caused by a subcortical haematoma in the right occipital lobe is reported. A 62-year-old right-handed man presented with a sudden onset of headache to the hospital. On admission, he had a left homonymous hemianopsia, disorientation and recent memory disturbance, but had normal remote memory and digit span. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a subcortical haematoma in the right occipital lobe. These findings suggest that the patient's amnesia was caused by a lesion of the retrosplenial region in the non-dominant hemisphere.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = headache
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4/1139. lipoma of the corpus callosum.

    lipoma of the corpus callosum is a rare congenital condition, often asymptomatic, but which may present as epilepsy, hemiplegia, dementia, or headaches. This paper reviews the condition and reports the only two cases which are known to the Hospital for Sick Children, Great Ormond Street, london. The second case demonstrated the value of computerised axial tomography (EMI scan) in making the diagnosis and showing associated anomalies.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = headache
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5/1139. Headache and bilateral visual loss in a young hypothyroid Indian man.

    We describe the exceptional association of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome (VKHS) and hypothyroidism in a 29-year-old man of Indian heritage. VKHS is a rare uveomeningoencephalitic syndrome with probably autoimmune pathogenesis. Nontraumatic uveitis, aseptic meningoencephalitis, vitiligo, alopecia and poliosis are the leading clinical features of VKHS. The reported patient presented with bilateral visual loss and progressive frontal headache. VKHS was diagnosed due to characteristic ophthalmological findings and the diagnosis of aseptic meningitis. Due to the autoimmune pathogenesis, VKHS may be rarely associated with other autoimmune disorders. association of VKHS with autoimmune thyroid disease has been described in the literature in three patients. In the reported case hypothyroidism due to chronic autommune thyroiditis was diagnosed in association with VKHS. Routinely determination of thyroid function in patients with VKHS is recommended.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = headache
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6/1139. Medicolegal issues: headache.

    This article addresses headache-related topics in which medicolegal issues have occurred or in which they are likely to occur. Where possible, an actual case has been presented. Most sections of this article are divided into three parts: principle of care, case history, and discussion and recommendations. When appropriate, American Academy of neurology guidelines have been noted.
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ranking = 2.5
keywords = headache
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7/1139. Chronic subdural haematoma following caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia.

    Intracranial subdural haematoma is a rare complication of spinal anaesthesia. This report describes the case of a 31-year-old woman who presented with post partum headache following spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section. Bilateral haematomata were evacuated via burr-holes performed under total intravenous anaesthesia and the patient made a complete and uneventful recovery. The recognized causes of subdural haematoma are discussed.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = headache
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8/1139. The syndrome of spontaneous intracranial hypotension.

    The authors report four cases of headache and other symptomatology related to the syndrome of intracranial hypotension. They were seen in a routine clinical practice over the past 3 years. The clinical features, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, and follow-up of these patients are described. review of the prior literature on the topic is also included. All four patients presented with orthostatic headache syndrome. Three of the four demonstrated diffuse leptomeningeal thickening and enhancement on MRI studies. One subsequently developed a subdural effusion. One patient demonstrated downward displacement of the posterior fossa initially, which resolved on follow-up MRI scanning. Possible pathophysiologies of the syndrome are discussed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = headache
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9/1139. Nonaneurysmal thunderclap headache with diffuse, multifocal, segmental, and reversible vasospasm.

    OBJECTIVE: To highlight the clinical profiles and angiographic findings of two patients with recurrent thunderclap headache (TCH) without subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and to present modified diagnostic criteria for this unusual syndrome. BACKGROUND: TCH may be a benign recurrent headache disorder or it may represent a serious underlying process such as SAH or venous sinus thrombosis. The pathophysiology of this disorder in the absence of underlying pathology is not well understood and its potential angiographic features are not well appreciated. methods: Two case descriptions with illustrative angiography. RESULTS: Both cases demonstrated the potential for reversible intracranial vasospasm without intracranial aneurysm or SAH and a benign clinical outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Primary TCH has a distinctive clinical and angiographic profile and must be distinguished from central nervous system vasculitis and SAH.
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ranking = 3
keywords = headache
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10/1139. Headache in Chiari malformation: a distinct clinical entity?

    A relatively common group of developmental anomalies of the posterior fossa and its contents make up the Chiari malformations. The most common of these anomalies are the Chiari malformations type I and type II. Many patients with these defects are asymptomatic, but many of them suffer from headaches. Although the prevalence of common primary headache disorders in patients with Chiari malformations is similar to that of the general population, a particular type of occipital headaches occurs more frequently in patients with a Chiari malformation. In the two patients described in the illustrative case presentations, the major complaint was headache. Both had Chiari malformation type I diagnosed. Chiari malformation should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients who complain of exertional headache. Exertional headaches or worsening of pain during Valsalva's maneuver should prompt clinical suspicion of an underlying intracranial lesion and warrants further evaluation by appropriate neuroimaging studies.
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ranking = 3
keywords = headache
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