Cases reported "Headache"

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1/103. Possible manifestation of temporomandibular joint dysfunction on chiropractic cervical X-ray studies.

    OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to show that biomechanical alterations toward and away from normal on x-ray studies may be the result of changes in temporomandibular joint dysfunction and to discuss possible neurologic explanations for this phenomenon. CLINICAL FEATURES: Two patients are discussed; the first had migraine headache symptoms, and the second had chronic hypomobility of mandibular opening, dizziness, headache, and neck pain and stiffness. In both patients mensuration changes in different types of cervical x-ray studies were noted in conjunction with exacerbation of, and elimination of, temporomandibular joint dysfunction. INTERVENTION: Comanagement of these cases was done with dental professionals. chiropractic treatment included vectored/linear, upper cervical, high-velocity, low-amplitude chiropractic manipulation of the atlas vertebra, diversified manipulation, myofascial therapy, stretch and spray procedures, and soft tissue manual techniques. CONCLUSION: temporomandibular joint dysfunction may cause cervical muscular and spinal biomechanical changes that may become visible and change on x-ray examination. Further investigation into this phenomenon is recommended.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neck
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2/103. Spontaneous intracranial hypotension.

    PURPOSE: To describe a patient with classic presentation of spontaneous intracranial hypotension and subsequent improvement with targeted epidural blood patch. methods: Report of one case and review of the literature. RESULTS: Examination of cerebrospinal fluid after lumbar puncture disclosed a reduced opening pressure, an increased level of protein, and lymphocytic pleocytosis. magnetic resonance imaging of the brain with gadolinium showed diffuse enhancement of the pachymeninges, no evidence of leptomeningeal enhancement, and chronic subdural fluid collection. Radionuclide cisternography demonstrated reduced activity over the cerebral convexities, early accumulation of radiotracer in the urinary bladder, and direct evidence of leakage at the cervicothoracic junction (C7-T1). Clinical, laboratory, and radiologic features were consistent with the diagnosis of spontaneous intracranial hypotension. Therapy with a targeted epidural blood patch resulted in the rapid resolution of symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: In this report, we describe a classic case of spontaneous intracranial hypotension in a 63-year-old man with an initial presentation of postural headaches, blurred vision, pain in the left eye, diplopia on left gaze, and neck soreness.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neck
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3/103. Use of cervical spine manipulation under anesthesia for management of cervical disk herniation, cervical radiculopathy, and associated cervicogenic headache syndrome.

    OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the benefits of cervical spine manipulation with the patient under anesthesia as an approach to treating a patient with chronic cervical disk herniation, associated cervical radiculopathy, and cervicogenic headache syndrome. CLINICAL FEATURES: The patient had neck pain with radiating paresthesia into the right upper extremity and incapacitating headaches and had no response to 6 months of conservative therapy. Treatment included spinal manipulative therapy, physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medication, and acupuncture. magnetic resonance imaging, electromyography, and somatosensory evoked potential examination all revealed positive diagnostic findings. INTERVENTION AND OUTCOME: Treatment included 3 successive days of cervical spine manipulation with the patient under anesthesia. The patient had immediate relief after the first procedure. Her neck and arm pain were reported to be 50% better after the first trial, and her headaches were better by 80% after the third trial. Four months after the last procedure the patient reported a 95% improvement in her overall condition. CONCLUSION: Cervical spine manipulation with the patient under anesthesia has a place in the chiropractic arena. It is a useful tool for treating chronic discopathic disease complicated by cervical radiculopathy and cervicogenic headache syndrome. The beneficial results of this procedure are contingent on careful patient selection and proper training of qualified chiropractic physicians.
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ranking = 2
keywords = neck
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4/103. Atypical presentation of odontogenic pain.

    Pain referral patterns in the head and neck regions can be complex and frustrating for practitioners to diagnose and treat. This clinical case report involves a patient who did not respond to initial medical treatment for headache pain. The pain was found to be referred from a carious and pulpally involved mandibular molar that interestingly responded normal to pulp vitality testing.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neck
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5/103. Central neurocytoma of the fourth ventricle. Case report.

    The authors report on a 17-year-old boy who suffered from slowly progressive and long-standing symptoms of ataxia, neck pain, and headache. Computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging revealed a tumor arising from the floor of the fourth ventricle that resulted in a moderate hydrocephalus. A partial resection was performed. Histological and immunohistological findings led to the diagnosis of an atypical central neurocytoma of the fourth ventricle. The imaging features on CT scanning, MR imaging, and proton MR spectroscopy studies, the clinical picture, and the prognosis of this very unusual tumor are discussed. Three cases of neurocytomas in the posterior fossa have been described to date; however, in all three cases some atypical aspects were present. In the present case, with the exception of the very unusual location, both imaging findings and clinical history perfectly met the definition of this rare tumor.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neck
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6/103. Endosaccular aneurysm occlusion with Guglielmi detachable coils for obstructive hydrocephalus caused by a large basilar tip aneurysm. Case report.

    The authors present the case of a 60-year-old man with obstructive hydrocephalus caused by a large basilar artery tip aneurysm, in whom direct surgical clipping of the aneurysm neck was considered hazardous. After endosaccular aneurysm occlusion, his symptoms (headache, intellectual impairment, and gait disturbance) and ventricular dilation immediately improved without placement of a ventricular shunt. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first case of its kind treated solely endovascularly.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neck
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7/103. Central retinal artery occlusion associated with head or neck pain revealing spontaneous internal carotid artery dissection.

    PURPOSE: To report two cases of head or neck pain and central retinal artery occlusion associated with spontaneous dissection of the ipsilateral internal carotid artery. methods: case reports. RESULTS: We describe two cases of sudden visual loss caused by central retinal artery occlusion. Both cases were preceded by ipsilateral headaches or neck pain and tinnitus. The patient had no other neurological signs or history of trauma. In both cases, cerebral angiography revealed ipsilateral internal carotid artery dissection. CONCLUSION: Ipsilateral headache or neck pain with tinnitus preceding central retinal artery occlusion is highly suggestive of internal carotid artery dissection. early diagnosis and treatment may reduce the risk of hemispheric stroke.
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ranking = 7
keywords = neck
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8/103. Cervicogenic headache: long-term postoperative follow-up.

    The patient, a 50-year old female had been suffering from right-sided head- and neck pain since she was 31 years of age. It started in connection with an indirect neck trauma. analgesics were of little or no avail and operative procedures, including liberation of the greater occipital nerve (GON) (n = 2) and decompression of the C2 ganglion/root, had only a transitory effect. At 42, a magnetic resonance scan of the cervical spine demonstrated a degenerated disk C5-C6, with encroachment on the foramina and the cord. At 42 years of age, a stabilization operation at C5-C6 (Robinson-Smith) alleviated her discomfort--only some motor complaints in the ipsilateral upper extremity remaining and only in the first 12-18 months.
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ranking = 2
keywords = neck
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9/103. spinal canal stenosis at the level of axis.

    We describe a rare case of marked segmental stenosis of the axis secondary to developmental hypertrophy of the posterior neural arch causing severe neck pain and headache in the occipital region. The patient made a remarkable recovery following decompressive laminectomy and foraminal decompression.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neck
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10/103. sumatriptan for headache caused by head and neck cancer.

    The use of sumatriptan for the treatment of migraine and cluster headache is well established. sumatriptan has also been reported to be effective for the treatment of postdural puncture headache, postictal headache, and headache related to intravenous immunoglobulin infusion. We report two patients with headache caused by locally invasive head and neck cancer relieved by oral sumatriptan.
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ranking = 5
keywords = neck
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