Cases reported "Headache"

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11/103. Horner's syndrome and dissection of the internal carotid artery after chiropractic manipulation of the neck.

    PURPOSE: To report a case of Horner's syndrome and dissection of the internal carotid artery after chiropractic manipulation of the neck. methods: Case report. A 44-year-old woman with no prior ocular or vascular history presented with severe right-sided head and neck pain, ptosis, and miosis following chiropractic treatment for a strained right shoulder muscle. RESULTS: magnetic resonance angiography of the neck and brain revealed a dissection of the right internal carotid artery as well as a suggestion of subtle dissection in the right vertebral artery. No significant brain abnormalities were noted on magnetic resonance imaging. Pharmacological testing was consistent with preganglionic oculosympathetic damage. CONCLUSION: Acute, painful Horner's syndrome as a manifestation of vascular dissection may be associated with chiropractic manipulation of the neck.
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keywords = neck
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12/103. Postpartum postural headache due to superior sagittal sinus thrombosis mistaken for spontaneous intracranial hypotension.

    PURPOSE: To describe a case of superior sagittal sinus thrombosis in the puerperal period and the difficulties encountered in the diagnosis and management. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 29-yr-old multiparous woman presented with a postural headache four weeks after a normal pregnancy and vigorous delivery. Initial presentation suggested spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) since there was no history of epidural or spinal anesthesia, or trauma or surgery to her back or neck. Conservative therapy was initially offered and then a lumbar epidural blood patch (LEBP) was performed, although it failed to relieve the postural headache. A dural leak could not be demonstrated but an MRV (magnetic resonance venography) revealed a superior sagittal sinus thrombosis (SSST). Although anticoagulant therapy was immediately initiated, the neurologist remained convinced that the postural headache was secondary to SIH, and, consequently, a second epidural blood patch was requested. anesthesia was reluctant to perform an LEBP at this point and suggested continuing anticoagulation until a subsequent MRV demonstrated recannalization of the SSST. This advice was followed and the postural headache resolved spontaneously with intravenous anticoagulation. CONCLUSION: The present case illustrates the importance of a multidisciplinary approach to the management of this rare complication of pregnancy. This case also highlights the importance of reviewing the differential diagnosis when considering treatment of a postural headache in the puerperium.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = neck
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13/103. Spontaneous internal carotid artery dissection with lower cranial nerve palsy.

    BACKGROUND: Typical presentation of spontaneous internal carotid artery (ICA) dissection is an ipsilateral pain in neck and face with Horner's syndrome and contralateral deficits. Although rare, lower cranial nerve palsy have been reported in association with an ipsilateral spontaneous ICA dissection. CASE STUDIES: We report three new cases of ICA dissection with lower cranial nerve palsies. RESULTS: The first symtom to appear was headache in all three patients. Examination disclosed a Horner's syndrome in two cases (1 and 2), an isolated XIIth nerve palsy in two patients (case 1 and 3) and IX, X, and XIIth nerve palsies (case 2) revealing an ipsilateral carotid dissection, confirmed by MRI and angiography. In all cases, prognosis was good after a few weeks. CONCLUSIONS: These cases, analysed with those in the literature, led us to discuss two possible mechanisms: direct compression of cranial nerves by a subadventitial haematoma in the parapharyngeal space or ischemic palsy by compression of the ascending pharyngeal artery.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = neck
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14/103. Spontaneous carotid and vertebral artery dissection in children.

    Carotid and vertebral artery dissection is a rarely reported cause of stroke in childhood and adolescence, especially if there is not a direct trauma to the neck. Four patients, under 15 years of age, presented with an internal carotid artery dissection, and one patient presented with a vertebral artery dissection. They were all making a physical effort when the event occurred. The five patients had ischemic symptoms, and in two the events were preceded by transient ischemic attacks. Headache was associated in four patients. The diagnosis was made by magnetic resonance imaging and angiography, which included transfemoral angiography in two patients. All improved before leaving the hospital, and four patients did not suffer recurrent episodes. The diagnostic accuracy of artery dissection has improved because of noninvasive neuroimaging testing, but it should still be suspected in any pediatric ischemic stroke, especially if there is headache or cervical pain associated.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = neck
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15/103. Cervical manipulation to a patient with a history of traumatically induced dissection of the internal carotid artery: a case report and review of the literature on recurrent dissections.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of rotational cervical manipulation in treating a patient who had undergone a traumatically induced dissection of the internal carotid artery and to review the literature on recurrent cervical artery dissections. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 21-year-old woman with hemiparesis from an internal carotid artery dissection that occurred as the result of a motor vehicle accident had neck pain and headaches. Moderate range of motion restrictions in the neck were present along with articular restrictions to movement palpation. INTERVENTION AND OUTCOME: After a year of soft-tissue treatment, we obtained detailed, informed consent from the patient to attempt diversified manipulation to the neck. The patient described greater and more immediate relief and longer pain-free periods than could be achieved by soft-tissue treatment alone. CONCLUSION: patients with previous cervical artery dissections may present with unrelated neck pain and headaches and request treatment. In selected cases, with complete informed consent, manipulation of the neck may relieve these symptoms. A review of published case reports on recurrent dissections suggests that trauma is not a significant factor in the second dissection. Care must be taken in extrapolating the results from this case to any other patient with a history of cervical artery dissection.
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ranking = 0.625
keywords = neck
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16/103. Posttraumatic dysautonomic cephalalgia. Clinical observations and treatment.

    Five patients developed posttraumatic vascular headaches associated with autonomic dysfunction. The precipitating injury affected the anterior triangle of the neck, presumably involving the region of the carotid artery sheath. Disturbance of sympathetic function, characterized by excessive sweating and pupillary dilation associated with headache, was noted. Appropriate pharmacologic studies revealed evidence of partial sympathetic devervation. While headache was resistant to ergotamine preparations, prompt relief was obtained with propranolol hydrochloride, and adrenergic beta-receptor blocking agent.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = neck
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17/103. Atlanto-axial subluxation syndrome and management of intractable headache, neck pain and shoulder pain with auricular stimulation: a clinical case report.

    Atlanto-axial subluxation syndrome is a condition that is easily overlooked, misdiagnosed and mismanaged. anatomy, neurovascular involvement and description of clinical manifestations are reviewed. Bi-Digital O-Ring Test is employed to establish an accurate diagnosis and its value and accuracy described briefly. Bi-Digital O-Ring Test has been an important diagnosis confirmation method (reconfirmed by CT or MRI in over 95% of more than 850 clinical cases) in this author's practice of spinal disorder and intractable pain management. A newly described device, the KIM-STIM, offers auricular stimulation of multiple points, using electrical microcurrent. Each unit is individually custom-molded to the patient's ear, and fitted with multiple electrodes. It was found to be very effective in managing the majority of intractable pain, especially pain requiring multiple daily treatments in order for the patient to live and function normally. The KIM-STIM device allows the patient to self-manage the pain, by day or night, thus allowing for a reduction or elimination of medication intake and diminishing the necessity for frequent doctor visits.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = neck
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18/103. life-threatening intracranial hypotension after diagnostic lumbar puncture.

    intracranial hypotension syndrome as a complication of diagnostic lumbar puncture is a rarely observed entity. intracranial hypotension syndrome is characterized by postural headache, neck pain/stiffness, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, clouding of consciousness, dizziness and vertigo. The majority of cases resolve spontaneously with conservative treatment. Rarely, epidural blood patch is required. We report a 41-year-old man with multiple sclerosis, who developed intracranial hypotension syndrome after diagnostic lumbar puncture and who did not respond to conservative treatment. A subdural hematoma was subsequently found, when the patient showed considerable worsening of clinical conditions with life-threatening symptoms. Surgical evacuation of the subdural hematoma was not sufficient to improve significantly the patient's conditions, while complete symptoms remission was achieved 12 hours after epidural blood patch. We stress the need for epidural blood patch in any case of post-diagnostic lumbar puncture postural headache which does not resolve with conservative therapy.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = neck
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19/103. "Shiatsu sympathectomy": ICA dissection associated with a shiatsu massager.

    Carotid dissection is a well-described complication of head and neck trauma. Two cases of carotid dissection that occurred after use of shiatsu-type massagers are described. This potential cause should be considered when evaluating patients with idiopathic carotid dissection.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = neck
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20/103. Asymptomatic idiopathic intracranial hypertension in young children.

    Presenting symptoms of idiopathic intracranial hypertension are known to vary with age. Older children may complain of headache, neck pain, diplopia, intracranial noises, or transient visual obscurations. Younger children may present with apathy or irritability. This report describes three young children with no obvious relevant symptoms in whom papilledema was newly found on routine follow-up eye examination for unrelated problems. At presentation, all had early papilledema with negative cranial neuroimaging studies. All remained apparently asymptomatic, but the papilledema progressed. Sedated lumbar puncture showed elevated cerebrospinal fluid pressure in all three. Two were felt to have truly idiopathic intracranial hypertension, whereas the third had jugular venous obstruction. The papilledema responded to treatment with either acetazolamide or furosemide in all three. An apparent lack of symptoms does not rule out chronic increased intracranial pressure in young children.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = neck
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