Cases reported "Headache"

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1/1564. Possible manifestation of temporomandibular joint dysfunction on chiropractic cervical X-ray studies.

    OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to show that biomechanical alterations toward and away from normal on x-ray studies may be the result of changes in temporomandibular joint dysfunction and to discuss possible neurologic explanations for this phenomenon. CLINICAL FEATURES: Two patients are discussed; the first had migraine headache symptoms, and the second had chronic hypomobility of mandibular opening, dizziness, headache, and neck pain and stiffness. In both patients mensuration changes in different types of cervical x-ray studies were noted in conjunction with exacerbation of, and elimination of, temporomandibular joint dysfunction. INTERVENTION: Comanagement of these cases was done with dental professionals. chiropractic treatment included vectored/linear, upper cervical, high-velocity, low-amplitude chiropractic manipulation of the atlas vertebra, diversified manipulation, myofascial therapy, stretch and spray procedures, and soft tissue manual techniques. CONCLUSION: temporomandibular joint dysfunction may cause cervical muscular and spinal biomechanical changes that may become visible and change on x-ray examination. Further investigation into this phenomenon is recommended. ( info)

2/1564. Pituitary macroadenoma manifesting as an isolated fourth nerve palsy.

    PURPOSE: To describe an unusual ophthalmic manifestation of a pituitary adenoma. methods: Case report. RESULTS: A 32-year-old man had left supraorbital and frontal headaches and new-onset vertical diplopia. Examination showed a left fourth nerve palsy and increased vertical fusional amplitudes. magnetic resonance imaging disclosed a sellar mass consistent with a pituitary macroadenoma. CONCLUSION: A pituitary adenoma may rarely manifest with an isolated fourth nerve palsy. ( info)

3/1564. Failure to follow patients with hydrocephalus shunts can lead to death.

    Failure to follow patients with hydrocephalus can expose them to potentially fatal consequences. Two cases are used to illustrate this and the merits of follow-up of these patients are discussed. ( info)

4/1564. A case of amnestic syndrome caused by a subcortical haematoma in the right occipital lobe.

    A case of an amnestic syndrome caused by a subcortical haematoma in the right occipital lobe is reported. A 62-year-old right-handed man presented with a sudden onset of headache to the hospital. On admission, he had a left homonymous hemianopsia, disorientation and recent memory disturbance, but had normal remote memory and digit span. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a subcortical haematoma in the right occipital lobe. These findings suggest that the patient's amnesia was caused by a lesion of the retrosplenial region in the non-dominant hemisphere. ( info)

5/1564. Compression of the visual pathway by anterior cerebral artery aneurysm.

    Visual failure is an uncommon presenting symptom of an intracranial aneurysm. It is even more uncommon in aneurysms arising from the anterior cerebral artery (ACA). We presented 2 patients with an aneurysm of the A1 segment of the anterior cerebral artery causing visual field defects. One patient presented with a complete homonymous hemianopia due to compression of the optic tract by a giant aneurysm of the proximal left A1 segment. The second patient had an almost complete unilateral anopia caused by compression of the optic nerve and chiasm by an aneurysm of the distal part of the A1 segment with a small chiasmatic hemorrhage and ventricular rupture. ( info)

6/1564. lipoma of the corpus callosum.

    lipoma of the corpus callosum is a rare congenital condition, often asymptomatic, but which may present as epilepsy, hemiplegia, dementia, or headaches. This paper reviews the condition and reports the only two cases which are known to the Hospital for Sick Children, Great Ormond Street, london. The second case demonstrated the value of computerised axial tomography (EMI scan) in making the diagnosis and showing associated anomalies. ( info)

7/1564. brain metastasis as first manifestation of ovarian cancer.

    brain metastasis from ovarian cancer, a rare and highly dismal event, develops mostly during or after postoperative chemotherapy. This report documents the clinical findings and magnetic resonance imaging of an uncommon case who presented signs of increased intracranial pressure as a first manifestation. Histologic examination of removed brain lesion demonstrated ovarian origin, while no evidence of a locally invasive lesion was found at exploratory laparotomy ('tentative' surgical stage Ia). The possibility of ovarian origin should be always considered in a woman with brain involvement. ( info)

8/1564. Persistent bilateral hearing loss after shunt placement for hydrocephalus. Case report.

    Transient hearing decrease following loss of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has been reported in patients undergoing lumbar puncture, spinal anesthesia, myelography, and/or different neurosurgical interventions. The authors present the first well-documented case of a patient with persistent bilateral low-frequency sensorineural hearing loss after shunt placement for hydrocephalus and discuss the possible pathophysiological mechanisms including the role of the cochlear aqueduct. These findings challenge the opinion that hearing decreases after loss of CSF are always transient. The authors provide a suggestion for treatment. ( info)

9/1564. headache and bilateral visual loss in a young hypothyroid Indian man.

    We describe the exceptional association of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome (VKHS) and hypothyroidism in a 29-year-old man of Indian heritage. VKHS is a rare uveomeningoencephalitic syndrome with probably autoimmune pathogenesis. Nontraumatic uveitis, aseptic meningoencephalitis, vitiligo, alopecia and poliosis are the leading clinical features of VKHS. The reported patient presented with bilateral visual loss and progressive frontal headache. VKHS was diagnosed due to characteristic ophthalmological findings and the diagnosis of aseptic meningitis. Due to the autoimmune pathogenesis, VKHS may be rarely associated with other autoimmune disorders. association of VKHS with autoimmune thyroid disease has been described in the literature in three patients. In the reported case hypothyroidism due to chronic autommune thyroiditis was diagnosed in association with VKHS. Routinely determination of thyroid function in patients with VKHS is recommended. ( info)

10/1564. Medicolegal issues: headache.

    This article addresses headache-related topics in which medicolegal issues have occurred or in which they are likely to occur. Where possible, an actual case has been presented. Most sections of this article are divided into three parts: principle of care, case history, and discussion and recommendations. When appropriate, American Academy of neurology guidelines have been noted. ( info)
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