Cases reported "Hearing Loss"

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1/2. Auditory deprivation--an intrinsic or extrinsic problem? Some comments on Kyle (1978).

    The relevance of animal work to early auditory deprivation, as discussed by Kyle (1978), is questioned. It is argued that auditory experience from birth, or even much later, is not necessarily required for subsequent hearing for spoken language. It is also questioned whether concern for intrinsic difficulties, such as possible cortical damage resulting from auditory deprivation, is appropriate. A more productive approach may be to pay more attention to the extrinsic aspect--the linguistically principled rehabilitation of the hearing-impaired child.
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2/2. Cochlear wall titanium implants for auditory nerve stimulation.

    Genetically deaf dalmatian dogs and ototoxically deafened macaque monkeys were implanted with electrodes housed in cochlear wall titanium implants to assess long-term stability, tolerance, and performance. Short-term human implantation, followed by trials of stimulation, was performed in 4 unilaterally deaf patients. In the dog experiments, cochlear wall electrode stimulation produced consistent electrophysiologic thresholds that were higher, by approximately 6 dB, than those obtained with bipolar scala tympani stimulation. Clinical testing revealed electrically evoked middle latency response, auditory brain stem response, and/or behavioral detection responses in 3 of 4 patients, at levels below those for facial nerve activation and pain sensation. Electrode place discrimination studies, with controls for loudness cues, revealed near-perfect discrimination in a monkey subject. Eleven of the 12 animal implants were found to be rigidly fixed in the cochlear bone, with direct contract between bone and implant over 8% to 23% of the implant surface for the 6 implants examined in detail. These results suggest that long-term fixation of titanium cochlear wall implants occurs by virtue of intimate implant-bone contact in restricted areas. This approach to prosthetic stimulation demonstrates encouraging performance characteristics in achieving auditory activation.
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