Cases reported "Hearing Loss"

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11/28. The need for a participatory conservation programme for the reduction of noise exposure to Thai female workers.

    hearing loss induced in thirty female workers because of exposure to continuous noise was studied in a plastic bag plant in Samutprakarn Province, the largest industrial zone in thailand. The sound level in this plant was 98.5 dBA., 94.0 dBA. and 93.0 dBA. in the weaving, winding and warping sections, respectively. Results of an audiometric test showed a significant relationship between high noise level and hearing loss at frequency 4,000 Hz. A questionnaire survey found that a relatively high number of workers had various symptoms such as: 76.7% general fatigue, 70% headache, 63.3% ear distension and 56.7% vertigo. Concerning the usage of ear protective devices, it was found that 80% of the workers have never used such devices, 16.7% occasionally used them, and 3.3% have always used cotton wool to reduce the high noise level. Their reasons for non-use of ear protective devices were 1) not provided by the employer (86.7%), 2) not necessary (83.3%), 3) accustomed to the noise (63.3%), 4) nobody uses (56.7%), and 5) no loud noise (16.7%). These results point to the need for improving the work conditions and welfare services of the workers at this plant. Also, hearing conservation programmes can be instituted in developing countries through cooperation among the safety inspectorate, the employer and the workers.
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keywords = frequency
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12/28. Functional hearing loss in children.

    This report reviewed 39 school-age children diagnosed as having a functional hearing loss utilizing auditory brainstem response (ABR) audiometry during the past 5 years at the Department of otolaryngology, Kyushu University Hospital in japan. Twenty-seven cases were females and 12 were males. Seven cases had a hearing loss unilaterally and 32 bilaterally. Although pure-tone audiometry revealed a variety of audiogram shapes, two-thirds of the cases had a flat or saucer-shaped audiogram with a mild to moderately severe hearing loss. ABR audiometry for the frequencies of 1, 2 and 4 kHz indicated a normal hearing threshold in 65 ears of 35 patients, and mild threshold elevations of at least one frequency in the remaining 6 ears of 4 patients. Three illustrative cases were demonstrated, and a discussion was held regarding the features in audiometric tests, and environmental factors surrounding the children with this condition. We emphasized that the physiological hearing measurement such as ABR audiometry should be performed when any discrepancy was noted between the patient's history and results of pure-tone audiometry, because of not infrequent occurrence of functional hearing loss.
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13/28. Presentation of Wegener's granulomatosis in young patients.

    We have reviewed 50 cases of Wegener's granulomatosis, seen at the new england Medical Center Hospital between 1970 and 1984, and were impressed that 10 (20%) of these patients were under 25 years of age, with ages ranging from 13 to 23 years. Closer examination of this younger group revealed striking differences in their presenting symptoms and organ involvement when compared to the older group of patients. The presentation of these young patients was varied, with no single predominant symptom. patients presented with otalgia and otitis media or hearing loss, fulminant sinusitis, arthralgias, and even corneal ulcers. Only one patient had "typical" rhinitis and nasal congestion. This group also had a disproportionate number of patients with involvement of the oral cavity, skin, and trachea. biopsy of these sites frequently demonstrated necrotizing vasculitis. Three of our 50 patients had intracranial involvement, leading to transient hemiplegia in the first, permanent hemiplegia in the second, and a seizure disorder in the third. Two of these patients were in the younger age group. The proportion of patients with limited and generalized Wegener's granulomatosis was the same in both the younger and older age groups. All the younger patients, however, had manifestations of the disease in the head and neck, while four of the older patients had no symptoms in the upper respiratory tract. The number of young patients in our study emphasizes the fact that Wegener's granulomatosis, indeed, occurs in the younger patient and with a greater frequency than previously supposed. This study suggests that in the teenager and young adult, with an unusual constellation of symptoms of the head and neck and accompanying systemic problems, a diagnosis of Wegener's granulomatosis should be seriously considered.
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14/28. Audiologic and other clinical findings in a case of basilar artery aneurysm.

    A patient with a large, right-sided basilar artery aneurysm was evaluated. Major symptoms included progressive hearing loss, facial numbness, occipital headaches, dizziness, and diplopia of less than a year's duration. Audiologic results indicated a low-frequency sensorineural hearing loss with marked discrepancies between ascending and descending pure-tone thresholds for the ear ipsilateral to the lesion. Auditory brain-stem response demonstrated bilateral abnormalities, but the early waves were normal. Contralateral acoustic reflexes were absent on the right and elevated on the left. electronystagmography results showed bilaterally absent caloric responses as well as gaze nystagmus and abnormal pursuit movements. Additional audiologic results as well as radiologic and medical findings are also presented.
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keywords = wave, frequency
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15/28. Autosomal recessive progressive high-frequency sensorineural deafness in childhood.

    Autosomal recessive progressive high-frequency sensorineural deafness in childhood occurred in six patients from two families. This progressive sensorineural hearing loss starts mainly in the higher frequencies. There is an abrupt decline in the audiogram that slowly decreases with the increase of the hearing loss in the lower frequencies.
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keywords = frequency
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16/28. The importance of high-tone audiometry in monitoring for ototoxicity.

    Early detection of ototoxicity is of vital importance in cases in which ototoxic drugs are administered. Ototoxicity as a result of cis-platinum administration is well documented. Auditory damage may be reduced by changes in dose, drugs or methods of treatment. As ototoxicity appears to be most pronounced in the higher frequencies of sound, any changes can be assessed at an earlier stage by using high-frequency audiometry to test patients at frequencies from 8 to 20 kHz. Our present study demonstrates the utility of monitoring auditory function at frequencies higher than conventionally tested in patients receiving cis-platinum.
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17/28. Multichannel syllabic compression for severely impaired listeners.

    Two listeners with congenital hearing losses characterized by flat audiograms and dynamic ranges of 18-33 dB were tested with three compression systems and one (reference) linear amplification system. The compression systems placed progressively larger amounts of speech energy within the listener's residual dynamic range, by raising to audibility and compressing 25, 50, and 90 percent of the short-term input amplitude distribution in each of 16 frequency bands. The comparison linear system was defined by adjusting six octave-wide bands of speech to comfortable levels. System performance was evaluated with nonsence CVC syllables presented at a constant input level and spoken by two talkers. Extensive training was provided to ensure stable performance. The results were notably speaker-dependent, with compression consistently providing better performance for one speaker, linear amplification for the other. Averaged over speakers, however, there was no net advantage for any of the compression systems for any listener. The use of high compression ratios and large input ranges tended to degrade perception of initial consonants and vowels. Under some conditions, however, final consonant scores were higher with compression than with linear amplification. Compression generally enhanced the distinction between stops and fricatives, but degraded spectral-concentration and relative-intensity cues required to identify place of articulation.
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18/28. Auditory brainstem responses in a case of high-frequency conductive hearing loss.

    Click-evoked auditory brainstem responses were measured in a patient with high-frequency conductive hearing loss. As is typical in cases of conductive hearing loss, Wave I latency was prolonged beyond normal limits. Interpeak latency differences were just below the lower limits of the normal range. The Wave V latency-intensity function, however, was abnormally steep. This pattern is explained by the hypothesis that the slope of the latency-intensity function is determined principally by the configuration of the hearing loss. In cases of high-frequency hearing loss (regardless of the etiology), the response may be dominated by more apical regions of the cochlea at lower intensities and thus have a longer latency.
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keywords = frequency
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19/28. A slow wave auditory brainstem response to clicks in a case of high frequency hearing loss.

    A slow component of the auditory brainstem response (BSER) to broad band clicks was revealed in a case of high frequency hearing loss. The latency, morphology, and threshold level characteristics of the response resembled those for the slow wave response (SWR) to 500 Hz tone pips. The SWR to clicks appeared to be initiated by the cochlear partition below 2 kHz and was unmasked by a hearing loss at 2 kHz and above. With click stimuli at intensities above the 2 kHz hearing thresholds, wave V dominated the response to clicks, thus supporting the evidence that wave V is initiated from the high frequency region of the cochlear partition. Caution is advised in interpreting threshold studies using click BSERs, as the SWR may be mistaken for a delayed wave V.
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ranking = 616.95802342503
keywords = high frequency, wave, frequency
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20/28. otosclerosis in a black child: diagnostic acoustic impedance studies.

    otosclerosis classically describes an osteodystrophic change in the bony labyrinth and stapes footplate, of autosomal dominant inheritance, reported rare under the age of 5, extremely "rare" in the Oriental and Black race, "non-existent" in the American Indian, and with a clinical incidence of 5 per 1000 Caucasians. The differential diagnosis of a non-effusion conductive hearing loss in a child should include otosclerosis, congenital malleus or footplate fixation, tympanosclerotic fixation, congenital cholesteatoma, lysis of the incus long process, Paget's disease, osteogenesis imperfecta, and fibromuscular hyperplasia of the renal artery. Presented is a case report of a 14-year-old black male with bilateral clinical otosclerosis and a persistent stapedial artery. Preoperative multiple-frequency tympanometry and Zwislocki acoustic reactance and resistance analysis demonstrated absence of the "W" resonance pattern on high-frequency tympanometry and the classic friction and stiffness patterns of otosclerotic fixation. Repeat multiple-frequency tympanometry testing post-stapedectomy demonstrated prosthesis articulation. Prosthesis position can be monitored postoperatively by these acoustic impedance studies.
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keywords = frequency
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