Cases reported "Heart Block"

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11/291. Chronic intoxication by doxycycline use for more than 12 years.

    We report the clinical case of a 12-years' intoxication by doxycycline. A patient with a depersonalization and derealization syndrome took 1 g doxycycline per day. In addition to hepatocellular necrosis with cholestasis, nephrotoxicity, leukopenia, anaemia and skin hyperpigmentation he suffered from hitherto unreported adverse cardiac events as intermittent supraventricular tachycardia and sporadic Wenckebach heart block. Despite a long period of self-medication these side-effects were reversible.
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ranking = 1
keywords = supraventricular
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12/291. First-trimester fetal heart block: a marker for cardiac anomaly.

    BACKGROUND: fetal heart block in the second and third trimesters may be caused by transplacental passage of auto-antibodies or cardiac defects. Little is known about the etiology of first-trimester fetal heart block. MATERIALS AND methods: fetal heart block was diagnosed in four patients (negative antibody serology) referred for first-trimester sonographic evaluation of increased fetal nuchal fold thickness with bradycardia. Two-dimensional echocardiography was complemented by color Doppler flow imaging of the fetal heart. Fetal arrhythmia was verified by M-mode, pulsed wave Doppler and/or color M-mode echocardiography. RESULTS: All fetuses had congenital heart disease, atrioventricular valve regurgitation, heart block and edema. autopsy confirmed heterotaxy in three cases (left atrial isomerism with atrial septal defect; left isomerism with double-outlet right ventricle, great artery malposition and ventricular septal defect. The third case had dextrocardia with atrioventricular canal defect and the fourth case dextrocardia with great artery transposition. CONCLUSION: First-trimester fetal bradycardia may result from heart block of the type associated with complex congenital heart disease. Accelerated edema formation in this setting may be the basis of nuchal edema formation. First-trimester fetal echocardiography offers the potential for early diagnosis and intervention in these cases with poor prognosis.
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ranking = 0.0013399355167305
keywords = complex
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13/291. Disappearance of complete atrioventricular block after chemotherapy for malignant lymphoma: a case report.

    A 77-year-old man with malignant lymphoma presented with dizziness and exertional dyspnea. physical examination revealed marked bradycardia (36 beats/min). Twelve-lead electrocardiography showed complete atrioventricular block with narrow QRS escape beats. gallium scintigraphy demonstrated significant abnormal uptake in the heart. Transesophageal echocardiography showed a thick interatrial septum with increased echogenecity. He underwent chemotherapy under external temporary pacing with a suspected diagnosis of complete atrioventricular block secondary to cardiac invasion of malignant lymphoma. Atrioventricular conduction progressively improved and the complete atrioventricular block disappeared. He is currently well and has required no cardiac pacing for 6 months. We conclude that complete atrioventricular block may be reversible in some patients with malignant lymphoma, even in the elderly.
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ranking = 11.832485404485
keywords = beat
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14/291. tachycardia-dependent right bundle-branch block with supernormal conduction.

    This paper reports the case of a 76-year-old man in whom atrial flutter with varying atrioventricular block and intermittent right bundle-branch block was found. This is the first report on tachycardia-dependent right bundle-branch block associated with supernormal conduction in a case of atrial flutter. When an impulse is conducted to the ventricles beyond 0.72 s after a QRS complex of right bundle-branch block configuration, the impulse falls after the abnormally long effective refractor period of the right bundle branch and passes through the right bundle branch. When the conducted impulse occurs within 0.72 s after a QRS complex of right bundle-branch block configuration, the impulse usually falls in the refractory period and is blocked in the right bundle branch; however, only when the impulse occurs 0.48 or 0.49 s after that does it fall in the supernormal period and passes through the right bundle branch. The findings in the present report strengthen our previous suggestion that the presence of supernormal conduction plays an important role in the initiation of reentrant ventricular tachycardia.
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ranking = 0.0026798710334609
keywords = complex
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15/291. Orthodromic tachycardia with atrioventricular dissociation: evidence for a nodoventricular (Mahaim) fiber.

    We describe a patient in whom two tachycardias with AV dissociation were inducible by ventricular extrastimulation. The first tachycardia was characterized by a narrow QRS preceded by a His deflection with an HV interval identical to that recorded in sinus rhythm (40 ms). Premature ventricular depolarization delivered when the His bundle was refractory advanced the next His deflection. These findings suggest the presence of a nodoventricular bypass tract involved in an orthodromic tachycardia. The second tachycardia was induced after propafenone infusion and exhibited a wide QRS complex with left bundle branch block morphology; each ventricular complex was consistently associated with a His deflection with a HV interval of -15 ms. The second tachycardia may be considered to represent an antidromic tachycardia through the nodoventricular tract. However, a ventricular tachycardia cannot be excluded.
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ranking = 0.0026798710334609
keywords = complex
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16/291. Late onset of accessory pathway conduction in a patient with complete AV block.

    This case report discusses a patient with complete AV block in early childhood. The patient required a permanent pacemaker. At 6 years of age, intermittent preexcited beats were noted on telephonic transmissions. At 7 years of age, 1:1 preexcitation was noted in sinus rhythm. Therefore, late onset of antegrade accessory pathway function is demonstrated. This case provides evidence of developmental changes in accessory pathways. This may explain age related differences in the onset of narrow complex tachycardia in the school age years.
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ranking = 5.9175826377593
keywords = beat, complex
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17/291. QT interval prolongation in asymptomatic anti-SSA/Ro-positive infants without congenital heart block.

    OBJECTIVE: To analyze the electrocardiograms (EKGs) of infants born to mothers with anti-SSA/Ro antibodies in order to evaluate the QT interval (the time from the beginning of the QRS complex to the end of the T wave). methods: Sera from mothers and children were analyzed for anti-Ro and anti-SSB/La antibodies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and by Western blot analysis. Fine specificity of anti-Ro antibodies was evaluated by solid-phase ELISA against recombinant 52- and 60-kd proteins and by Western blot. A retrospective chart review was conducted for EKG analysis. Twenty-eight EKG tracings (21 from anti-Ro-positive and 7 from anti-Ro-negative infants born to mothers with autoimmune diseases) were analyzed by a single investigator who was blinded to the infant's antibody status. The QT interval was measured and corrected for heart rate according to Bazett's formula. RESULTS: The mean QT interval was significantly longer in anti-Ro-positive than in anti-Ro-negative infants, also after correction for heart rate (QTc) (P = 0.001). Nine of 21 anti-Ro-positive infants and 0 of 7 anti-Ro-negative infants had QTc values above the upper normal limit (440 msec). A 24-hour EKG recording was performed on 5 patients and confirmed the QT prolongation. These infants were subsequently treated with a beta-blocker in order to prevent arrhythmias. CONCLUSION: Infants born to mothers who carry anti-Ro autoantibodies may show QT interval prolongation and should be monitored with EKG during the first months of life.
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ranking = 0.0013399355167305
keywords = complex
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18/291. Pseudo-retrograde conduction in complete A-V heart block due to ectopic His bundle activity.

    A case with complete A-V heart block in whom retrograde P- waves following some of the ventricular complexes were due to an ectopic junctional activity with the characteristics of parasystole is reported. His bundle electrogram showed an infrahisian block. After administration of 1 mg atropine intravenously the retrograde P- waves were detached from the ventricular automatic complexes and an H' deflection preceded each inverted P- wave with an H'-A' interval of 40 msec.
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ranking = 0.0026798710334609
keywords = complex
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19/291. Fetal and neonatal arrhythmia in one of the twins--a case history.

    There are a lot of publications about fetal arrhythmia in singletons, but up to now there are no published data about fetal arrhythmia in multiple pregnancies. In the present study a case history of fetal and neonatal arrhythmia in one of twins from two mothers treated with betamimetic agents due to imminent preterm labor is reported and discussed. A first case with fetal bradycardia due to complete A-V block had congenital cordis abnormalities (VSD and PFO). The second case with prenatal detected extrasystoles had normal heart anatomy. digoxin was administered to the mother, in the aim to treat fetal arrhythmia without success, because the baby had postnatal bradycardia. After hospitalisation in cardiology Department the described cases were successfully treated. In both cases the second twins were without neonatal arrhythmia and with no structural heart abnormalities. We summarise that in situation of detection fetal arrhythmia the complexity of the problems experienced may warrant early referral to a tertiary centre where the overall management of the mother, fetus and neonate, may be undertaken.
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ranking = 0.0013399355167305
keywords = complex
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20/291. DDD pacing and interatrial conduction block: importance of optimal AV interval setting.

    The case of a 83-year-old patient undergoing DDD pacemaker implantation for sick sinus syndrome with postimplant detection of advanced interatrial conduction block is described. At nominal AV interval programming values (175 ms), absence of P wave following an atrial spike was observed, and the presence of an interatrial conduction disturbance was demonstrated by a Doppler transmitral flow pattern analysis and transesophageal ECG recording. AV interval lengthening up to 300 ms resulted in proper timing of atrial and ventricular contractions. Awaiting for conclusive data about biatrial pacing, interatrial conduction blocks can be managed in some cases by proper programming of conventional DDD systems.
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ranking = 0.018837201453252
keywords = contraction
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