Cases reported "Heart Diseases"

Filter by keywords:

Retrieving documents. Please wait...

1/1571. Cardiocutaneous fistula.

    infection of the Teflon pledgets on the heart suture line after left ventricular aneurysm repair, presenting late with a fistulous tract connecting the heart with the skin (cardiocutaneous fistula) is an uncommon but potentially serious condition. The case is reported of a 73 year old man who developed a cardiocutaneous fistula extending through the left hemidiaphragm and draining at the abdominal wall, which developed six years after left ventricular aneurysmectomy. Following radiographic evaluation, which established the diagnosis, the Teflon pledgets and fistulous tract were successfully surgically removed. Prompt diagnosis depends on a high index of suspicion. Eradication of infection requires excision of infected material, which must be planned on an individual basis. ( info)

2/1571. An unusual family of benign "X" linked muscular dystrophy with cardiac involvement.

    A family of benign X-linked muscular dystrophy is described. Two of the 3 affected members appear quite representative of Becker's dystrophy. A third shows no pseudohypertrophy, only gross atrophy, affecting proximal and distal muscles and also shows early onset contractures and electrocardiographic abnormalities and is in these ways much more representative of the variety described by Emery and Dreifuss (1966). Two of the cases have distinctly abnormal electrocardiograms with extensive and deep Q waves and abnormal R/S ratios and VI. Both these have shown progression of electrocardiographic abnormalities during a 2-year follow-up. The family is reported to document this very unusual occurrence. ( info)

3/1571. A novel variant of transthyretin (Glu42Asp) associated with sporadic late-onset cardiac amyloidosis.

    A sixty-three year old French man presented with isolated late-onset amyloid cardiomyopathy proven by endomyocardial biopsy. There was no known family history of amyloidosis. immunohistochemistry of cardiac deposits suggested that amyloi fibrils were derived from transthyretin. dna sequencing revealed a point mutation in exon 2 of the transthyretin gene responsible for a novel amyloidogenic variant Asp42. ( info)

4/1571. Integrated approach for revascularization in multivessel coronary artery disease and porcelain aorta.

    We report two cases in which combined beating heart revascularization of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) and percutaneous angioplasty of the non-LAD target arteries were adopted after the intraoperative detection of porcelain aorta and impossibility to complete surgical revascularization. This type of strategy preserves the benefits of surgical LAD grafting and complete revascularization and results in a simple and low-risk technical procedure in an otherwise challenging setting. ( info)

5/1571. Fatal cardiac beta2-microglobulin amyloidosis in patients on long-term hemodialysis.

    We report two long-term hemodialysis patients who developed severe congestive heart failure attributable to cardiac heavy amyloid deposition. Both patients became hypotensive during dialysis sessions, gradually making it difficult to continue hemodialysis, and they died of congestive heart failure. At autopsy, left ventricle walls in each case contained diffuse extensive deposits of amyloid. The distribution of amyloid was not localized to vessel walls but was widely disseminated throughout the left ventricle walls and replaced myocardial muscle fibers. Immunohistochemical examination showed positive staining for anti-human beta2-microglobulin antibody. We conclude that cardiac dialysis-related amyloidosis should also be considered in long-term hemodialysis patients with congestive heart failure as a life-threatening complication. ( info)

6/1571. Atrial tamponade causing acute ischemic hepatic injury after cardiac surgery.

    A patient developed late cardiac tamponade after aortic valve replacement and coronary artery bypass grafting. nausea and dramatic elevations of serum aminotransferases were the initial clinical manifestations of cardiac tamponade. Severe acute ischemic hepatic injury secondary to isolated compression of both atrial cavities by two loculated thrombi was diagnosed. ( info)

7/1571. Differential diagnosis of left ventricular mural thrombi by myocardial contrast echocardiography: a preliminary study.

    Two-dimensional echocardiography has become the procedure of choice to diagnose left ventricular mural thrombi. However, small or flat thrombi may be difficult to distinguish from myocardium. The spatial distribution of the ventricular myocardial blood flow can be imaged with myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE). The authors presumed that the absence of arterial supply to a fresh thrombus may allow MCE to distinguish between thrombus and myocardium. In the 2 cases presented here, MCE was performed with the same technique as that used for the purpose of visualization of myocardial perfusion; as a result, an apical mural thrombus, indistinct from myocardium before MCE, was visualized as a contrast defect during imaging. Conversely, myocardium that mimicked a thrombus was imaged by MCE as a contrast-opacified area. These findings suggest that MCE after reperfusion therapy is useful to distinguish mural thrombi from myocardium. ( info)

8/1571. An unusual combination of cardiovascular surgical disorders.

    A 53-year-year-old man presented with aortic regurgitation, subvalvular and supravalvular aortic stenoses, and aneurysms involving the ascending aorta, the arch, and the innominate, right subclavian, and left common carotid arteries. Surgery consisted of resection of the obstructive lesions, replacement of the aortic valve, graft replacement of the ascending aorta, and the arch resection of innominate and subclavian artery aneurysms and reconstruction with a side limb to which the right carotid artery was anastomosed. The patient has remained asymptomatic with full employment. ( info)

9/1571. Successful percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty in a patient with left atrial thrombus--a case report.

    Percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty (PBMV) described by Inoue et al, is a safe FDA (food and Drug Administration) approved procedure in patients with severe mitral stenosis. One of the contraindications of the procedure is presence of a left atrial thrombus; however, it has been reported that intense warfarin therapy may led to dissolution of the thrombus. The authors report a patient who was referred for PBMV and was found to have a left atrial thrombus. After intense warfarin therapy, successful PBMV was undertaken without complications. ( info)

10/1571. Intraoperative left ventricular perforation with false aneurysm formation.

    Two cases of perforation of the left ventricle during mitral valve replacement are described. In the first case there was perforation at the site of papillary muscle excision and this was recognized and successfully treated. However, a true ventricular aneurysm developed at the repair site. One month after operation rupture of the left ventricle occurred at a second and separate site on the posterior aspect of the atrioventricular ring. This resulted in a false aneurysm which produced a pansystolic murmur mimicking mitral regurgitation. Both the true and the false aneurysm were successfully repaired. In the second case perforation occurred on the posterior aspect of the atrioventricular ring and was successfully repaired. However, a false ventricular aneurysm developed and ruptured into the left atrium producing severe, but silent, mitral regurgitation. This was recognized and successfully repaired. The implications of these cases are discussed. ( info)
| Next ->

Leave a message about 'Heart Diseases'

We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.